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Grammar

Lessons
For
Middle School
Unit 1: sentences and

sentence structure
Grammar Lesson 1:
1. When the alarm went off at 6:00 a.m.
2. I fixed eggs and bacon for breakfast.
3. Seen the movie Eclipse?
4. Don't run in the halls!

Which ones are sentences? Why?


*A sentence is a word group that
contains a subject and a verb that
expresses a complete thought.

*Class writes a complete sentence.


*Student writes a complete sentence in
Journal. Share it with members of your
group. Each group share one sentence
Grammar Lesson 2:
1. _________________ found a cool bicycle at the
garage sale.
2. Laughing and running down the street were
____________.

What is missing in these sentences?


A subject tells whom or what the sentence is
about.
To find the subject, ask who or what is doing
something or about whom or what something is
being said.
The simple subject is the main word or word
group that tells whom or what the sentence is
about.

Class: Identify the simple subject. To prepare for


Grammar Lesson 3:
1. Dylan's brother __________________________.
2. The tiny rabbit
__________________________________.

What's missing in these sentences?


The predicate of a sentence tells something about
the subject.
The simple predicate or verb, is the main word or
word group that tells something about the subject.

Class: Identify the complete predicate in this


sentence.
Our English class is reading the novel Comfort.
Identify the simple predicate or verb in the
sentence.

Student: Write a complete sentence in your


Grammar Lesson 4:
1. Among the guest speakers were a _________, a
________
and an _____________.
2. ___________ or ______________ will be playing the
position of quarterback on the football team this
year.

What's missing?
A compound subject consists of two or more
connected subjects that have the same verb.

Class: Identify the compound subject in this


sentence.
Among American holidays are the Fourth of July and
Memorial Day.
Student: Write a sentence in your Journal with a
Grammar Lesson 5:
1. The dog _________ and ____________ at the stranger.
2. The pizza _________ good and _________ delicious.

What's missing?
A compound verb consists of two or more verbs that
have the same subject.

Class: Identify the compound verb in this sentence.


This year the Liberty Eagles won seven games and lost
three.

Student: Write a sentence in your Journal that contains


a compound verb. Underline the compound verb.
Share the sentence with your group. Your group share
one sentence with the class.
Grammar Lesson 6:
What is the purpose of these sentences?
1. My favorite color is yellow. _______________
2. Did you do your homework last night?
_______________
3. Bring me a napkin from the kitchen.
_______________
4. Look out for the dog in the road! _______________

A sentence may be classified, depending on its


purpose, as
declarative, imperative, interrogative, or
exclamatory.

Class: Identify each of the following sentences.


Have you been to Texas?
Wow, the Grand Canyon is awesome!
Stop talking, Bobby.
Grammar Lessons 1-6 Review

1. Write a complete sentence.


2. Write a sentence and identify the simple
subject.
3. Write a sentence and identify the complete
predicate.
4. Write a sentence and identify the simple
predicate.
5. Write a sentence with a compound subject.
6. Write a sentence with a compound verb.
7. Write a declarative sentence.
8. Write an imperative sentence.
9. Write an interrogative sentence.
10. Write an exclamatory sentence.
Grammar Test 1
Lessons 1-6: Sentences
Multiple Choice. Select the correct answer and fill in the scantron.

_____ 1. Which one is not a complete sentence?


a. The students were late to school.
b. When the storm came through
c. My friends and I went to the movies this weekend.
d. My favorite book is Twilight.
_____ 2. Identify the simple subject in this sentence. To prepare for the beginning of school,
Mrs. Debo painted her room.
a. school b. prepare c. room d. Mrs. Debo
_____ 3. Identify the complete predicate in this sentence. Our English class is reading the novel Comfort.
a. is reading the novel Comfort. b. Our English class
c. is reading d. the novel Comfort.
_____ 4. Identify the simple predicate in this sentence. Lets eat breakfast at Perkins this morning.
a. breakfast b. Perkins c. eat d. morning
_____ 5. Identify the compound subject in this sentence. Paul and Jason are playing football and
basketball this year at LMS.
a. are playing football b. football and basketball
c. Paul and Jason d. at LMS
_____ 6. Identify the compound verb in this sentence. The chocolate chip cookies smelled
delicious and tasted good.
a. smelled, tasted b. chocolate chip cookies
c. delicious, good d. smelled delicious and tasted good
_____ 7. Identify the declarative sentence.
a. What is your favorite color?
b. My favorite color is red.
c. Theres blood all over the walls of the bedroom!
d. Get the bucket and clean up this mess.
_____ 8. Identify the imperative sentence.
a. Whose turn is it to take out the trash?
b. I took out the trash yesterday.
c. Oh my gosh, someone spilled the trash all over the kitchen floor!
d. Take out the trash, Bobby.
_____ 9. Identify the interrogative sentence.
a. What did you do this summer?
b. I went to Disney World this summer.
c. Get your suitcase in the car right now.
d. We forgot the tickets to Disney World at home!
_____ 10. Identify the exclamatory sentence.
a. I missed my bus to school today.
b. Did you ride the bus to school today?
c. You missed the bus!
d. Hurry up or youll miss the bus.
Answers to Grammar Test 1:

1. B
2. D
3. A
4. C
5. C
6. A
7. B
8. D
9. A
10.C