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INTRODUCTION TO

HUM ANITIES
MEANING, IMPORTANC E, SCOPE
Humanities
comes from the Latin word humanus

human, cultured and refined

To be human is to posses the qualities


and attributes of man and have the
feelings and dispositions proper to man.

To be cultured means to be refined and


well-versed in the arts, philosophy and
languages.
Humanities
Not a group of scientific or technical
subjects

Refers to the arts Branches of


Visual arts learning
Music concerned with
Dance human
Theater or drama thought,
Literature feelings, and
relations
Concern of humanities: importance of
human being and his feelings and how
he expresses those feelings
Arts
Very important in our lives

It constitutes one of the oldest and most


important means of expression
developed by man.

The concrete evidences in the study of


humanities

Comes from the Aryan root word AR


and the Latin term to join or to put together
ARS

everything that is artificially made or composed by m


Arts

Art is a
means of
union among
all men, a
means of
communicatio
n.
Leo Tolstoy
Arts
What do the arts have in common?
They are all concerned with
emotions, with our feelings about
things.
Artist
A person who exhibits exceptional skills
in design, drawing, painting, and the like
who works in one of the performing arts,
like an actor or musician

More sensitive and more creative

Two kinds of artists:


1) Creators
2) Performers
Work of the Creative
Artist
Creativity is an artists trait developed in
the course of his life to solve problems or
express his feelings

Process of creativity
Process of Creation
Any conception existing in the
mind as a result of mental
understanding, awareness, or
activity

What materials and what


processes the artists will use to
give form to his idea

Organizing the idea and giving it


form in the selected material
Humanists vs
Scientists

Humanists Scientists
Humanists study VALUE. Scientists are concerned
with:
objective, empirically
verifiable data
experimental results
that can be replicated
by other scientists.
Typical humanist may Typical scientist is
be just as interested in primarily interested in
far older material. most recent research
literature/materials.
Humanists vs
Scientists

Rainbows are
Rainbows structure
aesthetically beautiful
Humanists vs
Scientists

Brains functions and Brains activities are


different parts morally good
The Scope of
Humanities
As mentioned earlier, humanities
consists of the visual arts, literature,
drama and theater, music and dance.

I. Visual Arts
those we perceive with our eyes
A. Graphic Arts
Any form of visual artistic
representation in which
portrayals or forms and symbols
are recorded on a two-
dimensional surface.
1) Painting
Process of applying
pigment to a surface to
Pa i n t i n g

The Starry Night


Vincent Van Gogh
Oil Painting

Catching the Morning Light


David Taylor
Watercolor Painting
Pa i n t i n g

Castle Greyser
Thomas Moran
Watercolor Painting

Mona Lisa
Leonardo da Vinci
Oil Painting
The Scope of
Humanities
2) Drawing
Art of representing
something by lines made
on a surface or the process
of portraying an object,
scene or forms of
decorative or symbolic
meaning through lines,
shading, and textures in
one or more colors.
Drawing

Frozen
Dirk Dzimirsky
Charcoal on canvas

Big Ben
Keith Moore
Graphite Pencil Drawing
The Scope of
Humanities
3) Graphic Processes
Processes for making multi-
reproduction of graphic
works, involving the
preparation of a master
image of the drawing or
design on some durable
material from which
printing is done.
a) Relief Printing
The process whereby
unwanted portions of
design are cut away on
the master image and
the printed image is
Relief Printing

Vineyard March
Richard V. Correll
Woodcut

Example of Relief Printing


where the unwanted portions
of design are cut away
The Scope of
Humanities
b) Intaglio Printing
Method of printing from
a plate on which incised
lines, which carry the
ink, leave a raised
impression.
i. Dry Point
The artist draws
directly on a metal
plate with a sharp
needle and scratches
lines, or grooves, into
the metal. The ink in
the grooves is
transferred to the
Intaglio Printing

Two Nude Figures


Pablo Picasso
Dry Point

Dry point printing


Artist draw on a metal plate
using a sharp needle
The Scope of
Humanities
ii. Etching
a method of making
prints from a metal
plate, usually copper,
into which the design
has been incised by
acid. The copperplate
is first coated with an
acid-resistant
substance, called the
etching ground,
through which the
design is drawn with
a sharp tool.
The Scope of
Humanities
iii. Engraving
the lines to be
printed are cut into a
metal plate by means
either of a cutting
tool called a burin
largely used for
paper or plastic
currency, banknotes,
passports and
occasionally for high-
value postage
stamps
Intaglio Printing

Memento Mori
Daniel Hopfer
Etching

Queen Elizabeth II
Jorge Peral
Engraving
Intaglio Printing

Sudarium of Saint Veronica


Claude Mellan
Engraving
The Scope of
Humanities
c) Surface printing
All processes in which
printing is done from a
flat (plane) surface.
i. Lithography
Process that makes
use of the
immiscibility of
grease and water.
ii. Silkscreen
Process using a
woven mesh to
support an ink-
blocking stencil to
receive a desired
Surface Printing

Prodigal Son
Thomas Hart Benton
Lithography

Jimi Hendrix
John Van Hamersveld
Silkscreen
The Scope of
Humanities
4) Commercial Art
includes designing books,
advertisements of different
products, signs, posters,
and other displays to
promote sale or acceptance
of products, services, or
ideas.
Commercial Art
Commercial Art
The Scope of
Humanities
5) Mechanical Processes
Developed by commercial
printers for rapid large-
quantity reproduction of
words and pictures in one
or more colors.

6) Photography
Chemical-mechanical
process by which images
are produced on sensitized
surfaces by action of light.
Photography

Grand Canyon by Nick Kelley

Photography by Ata Mohammad Adnan

Going Home By Chee Keong Lim


Photography by Stuart Porter
The Scope of
Humanities
B. Plastic Arts
This group includes all fields of
visual arts in which materials are
organized into three-dimensional
forms.
1) Architecture
The art of designing and
constructing buildings and
other types of structures
Often referred to as the
mother of the arts
because it houses and
serves as background for
other fields of art
Architecture

Stonehenge
Salisbury, England
Ritual monument for
prehistoric peoples

Roman Colosseum
largest and most famous
ancient Roman amphitheater
Architecture
Pyramids of Giza
ancient Egyptians built
more than 90 royal
pyramids,
from about 2630BC until
about 1530 BC

Parthenon
Athens, Greece
It was built in honor of the
Goddess of Wisdom, Athena.
The Scope of
Humanities
2) Landscape Architecture
The design of outdoor
public areas, landmarks,
and structures to achieve
environmental, social-
behavioral, or aesthetic
outcomes.
Landscape Architecture

Dong Da Lakescape
Qui Nhon, Vietnam
by MIA Design Studio

Philadelphia Navy Yard,


Philadelphia, PA, USA.
by James Corner Field
Operations
The Scope of
Humanities
3) City Planning
Refers to planning and
arranging the physical
aspects of a large and small
community.
Concerned with the
development and use of
land, protection and use of
the environment, public
welfare, and the design of
the urban environment,
including air, water, and
the infrastructure passing
into and out of urban areas,
such as transportation,
Landscape Architecture

Chicago
Future Sustainability Urban Planning
by PowerHouse Growers
The Scope of
Humanities
4) Interior Design
Design and arrangement of
architectural interiors for
convenience and beauty.

5) Sculpture
The art of making two- or
three-dimensional
representative or abstract
forms, especially by carving
stone or wood or by casting
metal or plaster.
Interior Design

Modern
Living Room
Interior Design

Scandinavian
Living Room
Interior Design
Interior Design

Shabby Chic
Living Room
Interior Design

Minimalist
Living Room
Interior Design
Sculpture
David
MichelangeloBuonarroti
Florence, Italy

Pieta
Michelangelo Buonarroti
St. Peters Basilica, Vatican
City
Sculpture

Christ the Redeemer


Paul Landowski and
Heitor da Silva Costa
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Statue of Liberty
Frdric Auguste Bartholdi
New York
The Scope of
Humanities
6) Crafts
Designing and making of
objects by hand for use or
for pleasure
Includes ceramics, jewelry,
leatherwork, and weaving
If mass-produced, they are
classed as industrial design

7) Industrial Design
Design of objects for
machine production
Sculpture

Ceramics during
the Islamic Period,
11th-15th centuries

Shiho Kanzaki
Pottery
Industrial Design

Power Drill
Industrial Design
Industrial Design

Speakers
Industrial Design
The Scope of
Humanities
8) Dress and Costume Design
Covers the design of
wearing apparel of all
types.

9) Theater Design
Design of settings for
dramatic production.
Dress and Costume Design
Theater Design

Amadeus
Theater Design by
Richard Finkelstein
The Scope of
Humanities
II. Literature
The art of combining spoken or
written words and their meanings
into forms which have artistic and
emotional appeal.
A. Drama
A story re-created by actors on
stage in front of an audience.
B. Essay
A non-fiction expository writing
ranging from informal, personal
topics to closely critical
treatments of important subjects.
The Scope of
Humanities
C. Prose Fiction
Includes narratives created by an
author as distinguished from true
accounts.
Fiction, comes from the Latin
word which means to form, to
invent
Examples: Pride and Prejudice by
Jane Austen, Anna Karenina by
Leo Tolstoy
D. Poetry
Highly expressive nature using
special forms and choice of words
and emotional images.
Narratives includes epics,
The Scope of
Humanities
E. Miscellaneous
History, biography, letters,
journals, diaries, and other works
not formally classed as literature

III. Music
. An art of arranging sounds in
rhythmic succession generally in
combination.
. Melody results in this sequence and
harmony from the combinations.
. It is a creative and performing art.
A. Vocal Music
composed primarily to be sung
The Scope of
Humanities
B. Instrumental Music
Written for instruments of four
general types:
Keyboard (piano, keyboard, &
organ)
Stringed (violin, cello, guitar,
ukulele, banjo)
Woodwind (flute, clarinet,
oboe, piccolo, English horn,
bassoon)
Brass winds (saxophone,
trumpet, French horn,
trombone
The Scope of
Humanities
C. Music Combined with Other Arts
1) Opera
drama set to music. It is
mostly or entirely sung with an
orchestral accompaniment.
2) Operetta and Musical Comedy
drama set to music but is light
popular romantic often
humorous or comic. It uses
spoken dialogues.
3) Oratorio and Cantata
sacred musical drama in
concert form based from
biblical accounts and made of
recited parts with orchestral
The Scope of
Humanities
D. Other Forms
Ballet music and background
music for motion pictures

IV. Drama and Theater


. a story re-created by actors on a
stage in front of an audience.
A. Tragedy
serious in nature in which the
central character comes to some
sad and disastrous ending and
also portray.
B. Melodrama
the emphasis is on the action
rather on the character. Action is
The Scope of
Humanities
C. Comedy
Includes all plays with happy
endings.
1) Romantic Comedy light
amusing tales of lovers in some
dilemma which is finally solved
happily.
2) Farce light humorous play
whose emphasis is on the jokes,
humorous physical actions,
ludicrous situations and
impossible characters.
3) Comedy of Manners drawing
room comedy is sophisticated
and sometimes satirical. It uses
The Scope of
Humanities
D. Miscellaneous
1) Tragicomedy drama blending
tragic and comic elements but
which ends happily
2) Miracle and Mystery Plays
dramatized stories from the Bible
and of the lives of saints
3) Morality Plays those in which
characters represent specific
vices and virtues
4) Closet Drama plays written for
reading rather than for staging
5) Piano Drama combining the
interpretation of music with the
recitation of poetry and the
The Scope of
Humanities
V. Dance
involves the movement of the body
and the feet in rhythm.
A. Ethnologic
include folk dancing associated
with national and cultural groups.
B. Social or Ballroom Dances
popular type of dancing generally
performed by pairs.
C. Ballet
a formalized type of dance which
originated in the royal courts of
the middle Ages; either solo or
concerted dances and generally
built around a theme or story.
The Scope of
Humanities
D. Modern
are sometimes called
contemporary interpretative
dances and represents rebellion
against the classical formalism of
ballet. It is a personal
communication of moods and
themes.
E. Musical dances
dances performed by soloists,
groups, choruses in theatres,
nightclubs, motion pictures, and
television. It combines various
forms of ballet, modern, tap, and
acrobatics.
THANK YOU
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Presented by:
Rhenzie Rose M. Pantig