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TICKET 2 ENGLISH

Unit 2
Humour
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Outline:
Vocabulary (humour)

Grammar (modals)

Functions (asking for clarification)

Writing (strory writing)

Reading (students textbook ) pages 28-29

Listening (students TB ) page 24


3

Jokes Entertainment

Laughter Kidding

Humour
Fun Comedian

Humourist
Impressionist
Match the words with their definitions
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humorous - to crack up witty - dry to giggle - to kid - silly - an


impression - stand-up comedians - twisted -
A. = Adjective ADV. = Adverb IDM. = Idiom N. = Noun V. = Verb
V. to laugh uncontrollably, to laugh a lot
A. not obvious, subtle (sense of humor)
V. to laugh a little without opening your mouth very much
A. funny, amusing
N. the act of speaking or singing like a famous person
V. to make jokes, to joke with someone; to not be serious about
something
N. a person who entertains by telling humorous stories and jokes;
a professional comedian who performs live
A. funny in a slightly stupid way; funny in a way which is not really
intelligent or sophisticated
A. 1) sick, disgusting, abnormal 2) using sick or disgusting things in
a humorous way
A. 1) funny in an intelligent way 2) full of fast, humorous responses
Fill-in the blanks with words from the box
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cracking up - dry - giggling - humorous - impression kidding -


silly - stand-up comedians - twisted - witty
1. Robin Williams and Whoopi Goldberg were both . before they became
famous actors.
2. Senara, the girl from London, has such a . sense of humor. At first, I never
knew if she was actually joking or being serious.
3. He does a great Michael Jackson . . He can sing all the old hits like
"Thriller" and "Beat It."
4. I thought that movie was rather . . I laughed, but it was pretty disgusting.
5. Michele thought the comment was somewhat . but she didn't actually
laugh.
6. The little girls started . when they heard their father singing off key.
7. That was such a . mistake. If I had been using my brain, that never
would have happened.
8. That joke was hilarious! I started . when he got to the punch line.
9. I loved the comedy we saw at the theater last night. The actors were
marvelous! And the dialog was not only insightful but also very . and
incredibly entertaining.
10. I'm sorry. I was just . when I said your dinner tasted like cheap fast
food. It was actually quite delicious.
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Fill-in the blanks with words from the box


humouristscrackssenselaughterhilarious
facitiouswittyfunnyserioussatire
1.He's very funny. Whenever I meet him, he .a joke. He really has a good.of humor
2.Charlie Chaplin was one of the most creative . .
3.keep your . remark for you. You know. It's not very funny.
4.The show was . . It just caused a lot of . in the audience.
5.The president's . speech attracted a lot of admiration.
6.He is very . . He makes me laugh a lot.
7.Black humor is a way of looking at . events in an amusing way.
8.A piece of writing or play which criticizes people or ideas in a humorous way is called.
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Match the numbers with the letters

1. laugh at A. laughing
2. Laugh B. out loud
3. burst out C. of humour
4. make fun D. series
5. good sense E. yourself
6. comedy F. of somebody
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Classify the adjectives into positive/negative emotions.


Note: (use a dictionary)
A.
affable
angry
anxious
agreeable
apprehensive
B.
amusing
broken-hearted
attractive
breezy
bright
bubbly
buoyant
C.
calm
cheering
cheery
confused
content

D.
dejected
disconsolate
discontent
desperate
despondent
depressed
dismal
downcast
down in the dumps
dull
E.
ebullient
ecstatic
elated
enthusiastic
euphoric
exuberant
F.
friendly

fearful
funny
frantic
frustrated
G.
gay
glum
glad
gleeful
grief-stricken
H.
helpless
happy
hopeless
hilarious
I.
in good spirits
in high spirits
inconsolable
irritable
J.
jubilant

jolly

jovial
joyful
joyous

L.
lonely
low
light-hearted
M.
melancholy
miserable
merry
mirthful
O.
open
optimistic
P.
pleasant

S.
sparkling
sad
sunny

T.
thrilled
U.
uneasy
unhappy
V.
vivacious
W.
worried
welcoming
wretched
Z.
zealous

Postive emotions Negative emotions


Calm - Angry -
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Positive emotions Negative emotions


Affable agreeable amusing Angry anxious
atrractive breezy - bright apprehensive broken-
bubby buoyant calm hearted confused
cheering cheery content dejected disconsolate
abullent acstatic elated discontent desperate
enthusiastic euphoric despondent dismal
exuberant friendly funny
downcast down in the
frantic glad gleeful
dumps dull fearful
helpless happy helarious
jubilant jolly joyous jovial
frustrated glum grief-
joyful merry mirthful stricken hopless
open optimistic pleasant - inconsolable irritable
sparkling sunny thrilled lonely melancholy
vivacious welcoming miserable sad uneasy
zealous. unhappy worried
wretched.
MODAL VERBS
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What are modal verbs?


They are:
Can They are
Could
Auxiliary/helping verbs
that provide additional
May
and specific meaning to
Might
the main verb of the
Must
sentence
Shall
Should
Will
Would
Ought to
Need
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How do we use modals?

S M V
Subje Mod Verb
al
ct verb

Examples: Studends must learn modal


verbs
Mary could play the piano
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They do not accept conjugation


Form They do not need other auxiliary
verbs
There is no s in singular
There is no do / does in the
question
There is no dont / doesnt in
He can ski He cans ski or
the negative
He can skis
Would you like some coffee?
or Do you would like some coffee?
They cant be serious
or They dont can be serious
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Form
Modal verbs do not have infinitives or
ing forms
to can / caning to must /musting

Modal verbs are followed by an infinitive


without
She must study
to
We should have gone the other way
He could play football in his youth (general
ability)
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Time Differences with Modals


Modals that refer to Modals that refer to past
present and future: time:

can could
may might
shall should
will would
must Had to
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Meanings of Modals
Modal verb Usage Example

I can do several things


ability
at the same time.
when something is
Miracles can happen.
can possible
permission You can go now.

Can you come for a


informal requests
minute?
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Meanings of Modals
Modal
Usage Example
verb
She said she could pay
past form of "can"
for us as well.

Could you move


could polite requests
your bag, please?

It could be that he
possibility
missed the train.
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Meanings of Modals
Modal
Usage Example
verb

possibility It may rain tomorrow.

may
ask or give
May I speak?
permission (formal)
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Meanings of Modals
Modal
Usage Example
verb

past form of He said he might


"may" change his mind.
might

possibility This might fail.


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Meanings of Modals
Modal
Usage Example
verb

you have to do it You must obey the law

must
it's very logical or They left so early, they
very likely to happen must be home by now.
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Meanings of Modals
Modal
Usage Example
verb

must not/ you are not You mustn't smoke


mustn't allowed to do it in here.
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Meanings of Modals
Modal
Usage Example
verb
I shall see him
future for "I" and "we"
tomorrow.

shall
questions and suggestions Let's continue, shall
for "I" and "we" we?
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Meanings of Modals
Modal verb Usage Example

should
- What should I do?
Ought to Advice - You ought to apologize.
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Meanings of Modals

Modal
Usage Example
verb
what is likely or
We should be back by
expected to happen
midnight.
will
future action or states
I will pass my Bac exam.
(not plans)
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Meanings of Modals
Modal verb Usage Example
What would you do
imagined situations
if you were him?

- Would you please sit down?


for polite requests, - Would you like some tea?
would offers and - We are meeting with Sarah
invitations next Saturday, would you like to
come along?

to say what you


I would like a piece of cake.
want to do or have
the right thing to do You ought to apologize.
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Meanings of Modals

Modal
Usage Example
verb

Need to You need to study a lot.


Necessity
/
Neednt You neednt have a
to Lack of necessity university degree.
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Practise
1. My son ___ be home by now. Where can he be?
a. Have to b. Would c. Should d. Could
2. I think your thumb is broken. You ___ go to the
emergency room.
a. Might b. could c. ought to d. can
3. If you are interested in losing weight, you ______ try
this new diet.
a. Could b. mustnt c. dont have to d. had to
4. Johnnies fallen down the stairs! I ________ call an
ambulance!
a. Will b. might c. may d. ought to
5. You _______ come too early. We wont leave until 9
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Practise
1. Children ________ be accompanied by an adult at the zoo.
a. Ought to b. must c. would d. mustnt
2. You _________ talk during tests. Its forbidden!
a. dont have to b. mustnt c. couldnt d. ought to
3. I can feel the heat. We _________ be near the fire.
a. Can b. would c. must d. have to
4. They ________ hear him because he was whispering.
a. Wouldnt b. mustnt c. shouldnt d. couldnt
5. Youve never heard of Michael Jackson! You ________ be
serious!
a. Must b. had toc. cant d. shouldnt
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Practise
1. _______ you like to have dinner with me tonight?
a. Couldb. may c. should d. would
2. You ____ let him hear about the party tomorrow. Its
a surprise!
a. mustnt b. wouldnt c. couldnt d. can
3. __________ I speak to the Chief of Police, please?
a. Must b. May c. Would d. Need
4. He has arrived late. He _______ missed the bus
a. Must have b.Should have c.Could have d.
must
More practise
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1.Re-write the following sentences using modals so that they


have the same meaning.
1.I suggest that you get a good lawyer!

should get a lawyer


You ___________________________________________
2. A university degree isnt necessary for that job.
You ___________________________________________
neednt have a university degree for that job
dont have to have a university
3. Perhaps my father will pick you up.
My father _______________________________________
may / might pick you up
4. Eating is forbidden in class!
You ___________________________________________
mustnt eat in class
More practise
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1.Re-write the following sentences using modals so that they


have the same meaning.
1.Look at his dirty clothes! Im sure he is a poor person.

must be a poor person


he ___________________________________________

2. I dont believe that the legend of Hercules is true because therere


many contradictions.
The legend of Hercules cant
________________________________
be true
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Use your imagination


Think about these situations and create a
sentence using modals.
1. We are going to Paris for a weekend. (Make suggestions
about things to do)
2. We start school in September. (Talk about necessity)
3. Margaret is a very talented sportswoman. (Talk about
ability)
4. You have just won the lottery! (Talk about possibility)

5. Peter has got a headache and a congested nose. (Give


him some advice)
6. You want to borrow your uncles Mercedes Benz. (Ask
for permission politely)
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Possible answers
1.1. We could visit the Louvre / We should go up the Eiffel
Tower
1.2. We have to buy a new notebook

1.3. She can speak 3 languages! / She is able to play the pian
and the violin
1.4. I might stop working / I may buy a new car / I can travel t
New York
1.5. You should see a doctor / You ought to drink hot tea

1.6. Can I borrow your car, please? or May I borrow your


car, please?
COMMUNICATION
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How to express lack of understanding

I beg your pardon?


I beg your pardon, but I don't understand.
I'm not sure I know what you mean.
I'm sorry, I dont follow you.
I don't see what you mean.
I'm not sure I got your point.
Sorry, but I didn't catch that.
Sorry, I didn't get your point.
I don't quite see what you're getting at.
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How to ask for clarification


What do you mean by that?
Do you mean...?
Could you say that again, please?
Could you repeat that, please?
Could you clarify that, please?
Could you be more explicit?
Could you explain what you mean by...?
Could you give us an example?
I wonder if you could say that in a different way.
Could you be more specific, please?
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Clarifying one's point or idea

Let me explain that...


Let me explain that in more detail...
Let me put it in another way...
Sorry let me explain...
In other words...
To say this differently...
To put it differently...
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Fill-in the blanks with words from the box


explain that follow repeat missed
catch see run
Sorry, but I didn't that. Could you that, please?

I'm sorry, I dont you. Could you it again, please?

I don't .. what you mean. Could you ..through that again?

Sorry, I that. Could you say again, please?


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Mix and match


1. Sorry but when new jobs will create?

2. Can you tell us how many will be in charge of the project?

3. Sorry, how much did you say this would begin?

4. Could you explain what Will we need invest to increase our capacity?

5. Sorry, I missed that. Who we can find the quality we need at the price we want?

6. Could explain why you mean in little more detail, please?

7. Sorry but where we have so much left in stock?

8. Sorry, which sites will be involved in the reconstructing?


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Can you remember the sentences?


1. Sorry but did you say this would begin?

2. Can you tell us new jobs this will create?

3. Sorry, will we need to invest to increase our capacity?

4. Could you explain you mean in a little more detail, please?

5. Sorry, I missed that. will be in charge of the project?

6. Could you explain we have so much left in stock?

7. Sorry but can we find the quality we need at the price we

want?
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Making requests
I wonder if you could possibly .. Please ?

Could you please do me a favour?

Would you please .?

Would you mind .. Please?


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Accepting
Of course.

Sure, whatever you need.

Certainly.

No problem.

Its ok
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Declining:
Sorry, I cant ..

I am afraid, I cant

I wish, I could, but

I am sorry, I cant do that right now.

I am not quite I can.


How to write a story

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First you have to..
Decide who the characters are.

Who is going to be in the story?

What sort of characters are they?

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Next consider ..
Where and when your story is

going to take place.

This is called the setting.

Past?

Present ? Future?

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Time for the Problem.

What is going to happen in your story?

What is the main event?

What type of story is it?

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Include Important Events
A summary of what happens in the story.

The events in the story

This is known as the plot.

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Finally .the Solution

How it all ends.

The problem is solved.

What type of ending: Happy? Sad?

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Think about
Who?

Where?

When?

What?

How?

Why?
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