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What is channel lining

GUID
BY
PRAKAS KAPDI
CHANNELS LINING
IN AN UN LINED CHANNELS
PERCOLATION LOSSES ARE
HIGH, ESPECIALLY WHEN
THE WATER TABLE IS
HIGH.TO REDUCE THE
PERCOLATION LOSSES THE
BED AND THE SIDES OF
CANAL ARE PROVIDED
WITH AN IMPERVOUS
LAYER OF CEMENT
CONCRETE,KNOWN AS
CANAL LINING.
NECESSITY OF LINING
TO MINIMISE THE SEEPAGE LOSSES
THROUGH THE CANAL.
TO PREVENT EROSION OF BED AND SIDE
OF CANAL.
TO INCREASE DISCHARGE IN CANAL BY
INCREASING THE VELOCITY.
PREVENTION OF WATER LOGGING IN THE
AREA ADJACENT TO THE CANAL.
TO RETARD THE GROWTH OF WEEDS.
ADVANTAGES OF LINING
PREVENTION OF LOSS OF WATER:THE LINING OF CHANNELS
REDUCES THE SEEPAGE LOSS THUS RESULTING IN A
SAVING OF WATER WHICH CAN BE UTILISED FOR
IRRIGATING ADDITIONAL AREA.
REDUCTION IN EVAPORATION LOSSES:THE HIGHER
VELOCITY OF FLOW RESULTS IN REDUCTION IN
EVAPORATION LOSSES.
LOW MAINTENANCE COST : THE MAINTENANCE OF A LINED
CANAL IS LESS CONPARED TO THAT OF AN UNLINED CANAL.
REDUCTION IN EVAPORATION LOSSES: THE LINING OF
CANAL RETARDS THE WEED GROWTH.
ECONOMICAL WATER DISTRIBUTION:CANAL LINING
ASSURES ECONOMICAL WATER DISTRIBUTION
DISADVANTAGES OF LINING
HIGH INITIAL COST:THE LINING OF IRRIGATION
CHANNELS INVOLVE A HIGH INITIAL INVESTMENT.
DIFFICULT TO REPAIR:IT IS DIFFICULT TO REPAIR THE
DAMAGED LINING.
DIFFICULT TO SHIFT THE OUTLET:THE LINING BEING
PERMANENT,IT IS DIFFICULT TO SHIFT OUTLETS IF
NECESSARY.
LESS ADDITIONAL SAFETY : A LINED CHANNEL IS
WITHOUT A BERM.AS SUCH THE ADDITIONAL
SAFETY PROVIDED BY THE BERMS FOR VEHICULAR
AND PEDESTRIAN TRAFFIC IS ABSENT IN A LINED
CHANNEL.