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MARITIME

EDWARD
NONKU
WANELE
THINGO
BYRON
ANDISWA
WINSTONE
CONTECTS
1)TORREY CANYON : NONKU
WHAT HAPPENED?
WHAT CUSED IT?
LAW AND REGULATION CREATED?

2)TITANIC: THINGO
WHAT HAPPENED?
WHAT CUSED IT?
LAW AND REGULATION CREATED?

3)EXXON VALDEZ: EDWARD


WHAT HAPPENED?
WHAT CUSED IT?
LAW AND REGULATION CREATED?
Torrey Canyon:

WHAT HAPPENED
The Torrey canyon was a super tanker
capable of carrying a cargo of 120000
tons of crude oil which was shipwrecked
off the western coast of Cornwall,
England in march 1967 causing an
environmental disaster
WHAT CAUSED IT
The morning of arch 18 1967 the TIV
Torrey canyon ran aground on pollard
rock on seven stones reef off lands end
in England due to the masters
negligence
LAW AND REGULATION
CREATED
The Torrey canyon left a devashing
environmental impact, it also resulted in
the UK becoming a world leader in
marine pollution response. This led to
the liability and compensation law being
passed
Titani
WHAT HAPPENED
c:
RMS Titanic was a British passenger liner that
sank in the North Atlantic Ocean on 15 April
1912 after colliding with an iceberg during her
maiden voyage from Southampton, UK to new
York City, US. The sinking of the titanic caused
the deaths of 1,502 people in one of the
deadliest peacetime maritime disasters in
history .the titanic was the largest ship afloat
at the time of her voyage.
WHAT CAUSED IT
The ship was captained by EDWARD
Smith when it hit an iceberg at
11:40pm(Ships time:GMT-3). The
collision caused the Titanic hull plates to
buckle inwards in umber of location on
her starboard side and opened five of
her sixteen watertight compartments to
the sea
LAW AND REGULATION
CREATED
The disaster was greeted with world wide
shock and outrage at the huge loss of life and
the regulatory and operational failures that
had led to it. Public inquiries in Britain and the
United States led to major improvements in
maritime safety. One of their most important
legacies was the establishment in 1914 of the
International Convention for the Safety Of Life
At Sea (SOLAS),which still governs maritime
safety today
Exxon Valdez
WHAT HAPPENED
On March 24, 1989 the oil tanker Exxon Valdez ran
aground on Bligh Reef in Prince William Sound,
Alaska, spilling an estimated 11 million gallons of
crude oil across 1,300 miles of coastline - a
catastrophic event that lead to one of the most
thorough examinations of the effects of oil on the
environment. While the vast majority of the spill
area now appears to have recovered, pockets of
crude oil remain in some locations, and there is
evidence that some damage is continuing.
WHAT CAUSED IT
The ship ran aground on to the Bligh Reef. The
third mate was piloting the ship at the time
outside of the normal shipping lanes due to the
presence of icebergs in the area. At the time of the
accident the ship collision avoidance radar was not
working and turned off, had it been on it would
have detected the upcoming reef. In fact, the
tanker's radar was left broken and disabled for
more than a year before the disaster, and Exxon
management knew it. It was [in Exxon's view] just
too expensive to fix and operate.
LAW AND REGULATION
CREATED
Exxon Mobil Corporation or ExxonMobil,
is an American multinational oil and gas
corporation. It is a direct descendant of John
D. Rockefeller's Standard Oil company, and
was formed on November 30, 1999, by the
merger of Exxon and Mobil. Its headquarters
are in Irving, Texas. It is affiliated with
Imperial Oil which operates in Canada.