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Criterios de Diseo

FACTORES CRITICOS DE DISEO

Presin de Poro.
MDT.
Pozos de Correlacin (Vecinos)

Presin de Poro.
LOT, FIT.
Minifrac.
Informacin de Fracturas hidrulicas.
Calculada de Registros elctricos.

Temperatura.
Registros Cable elctrico, LWD.
Simulacin.
Pozos de Correlacin (Vecinos).

Tope de Cemento Requerido.

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FACTORES CRITICOS DE DISEO

Dimensiones de la Tubera de Revestimiento y tipo roscado.

Litologa (zonas arcillosas, arenas, calizas, etc).

Historial de perforacin.

Tipo de lodo. Peso programado vs Peso Real.

Survey del pozo en ascii.

Registros elctricos en formato LAS de Agujero descubierto e interpretacin..

Propiedades mecnicas de la Roca (Well life III).


Modulo Young y Poisson,
Angulo de friccin,
Direccin esfuerzo Mnimo y Mximo.

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Anlisis de Registro

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Predicciones de Esfuerzos

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Modelamiento de Temperatura

Temperatura API

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Hidrulica

Final Circulation
Pressure (GHB)

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Torque & Arrastre

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OPTICEM
OPTICEM EVOLUTION
EVOLUTION

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Caractersticas de Opticem

Simulacin operaciones de cementacin (Cementacin de


TRs & Tapones Balanceados)
Permite Ajustar la operacin.
Rpido calculo de dinmica de fluidos complejos.
Presentacin de graficas para un mejor anlisis.
Anlisis Tiempo Real.

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Introduccin de Datos

Diagrama Mecnico
Trayectoria Direccional / Survey
Gradiente Trmico.
Presiones de Formacin.
Propiedades de los Fluidos.
Secuencia de Bombeo.

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Seleccin del Modelo Reolgico.

Como seleccionar el Modelo Reolgico para nuestro fluido?

Newtonian?
Bingham Plastic?
Power Law?
Herschel-Bulkley?
GHB?
Cassion?

Paso
Paso ## 1:
1: Tiene el Fluido Punto Cedente / Yield Point?
Point?
-- Medir
Medir directamente
directamente utilizando el dispositivo FYSA.
-- Utilizar
Utilizar la
la grafica
grafica Van
Van Wizer y la data del Viscosmetro.
Viscosmetro.

Si No
YP

2012 HALLIBURTON. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. 12


Model Curve Equation GHB reduces

Newtonian

n<1

Power law n>1

Bingham plastic

n<1

Hershel-Bulkley n>1

Generalized
Hershel-Bulkley

2012 HALLIBURTON. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. 13


Seleccin del Modelo Reolgico.
Paso
Paso ## 2:
2: Ajustar
Ajustar la Data al modelo apropiado.
-- Es
Es el
el esfuerzo
esfuerzo de
de corte
corte (shear
(shear Strress)
Strress) lineal.
lineal.

Si Si No Si
Bingham
Bingham
Plastic
Lineal YP Lineal Newtonian
Newtonian
Plastic
No
No
Herschel-Bulkley
Herschel-Bulkley / GHB / Cassion
Cassion Power
Power Law
Law

2012 HALLIBURTON. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. 14


Case History
BP vs GHB Rheology Model
Computer Simulation of Proposed 15.6 ppg base slurry foamed to 12.0 ppg design
Circulating Pressure and Density at Fracture Zone
Downhole Annular Pressure and ECD vs. Liquid Volume

2560 2560
Fracture Pressure/ECD at 5030 ft TVD Fracture Pressure/ECD at 5030 ft TVD
2540 2540
9.7 9.7

2520 2520
Pressure (psi)

ECD (lb/gal)
9.6 9.6
2500 2500

2480 9.5 2480 9.5


Lead Cement

Tail Cement
Lead Cement

Tuned Spacer

Lead Cement

Lead Cement
Dual Spacer

Tail Cement
Seawater

Seawater
2460 2460
WBM

9.4

WBM
9.4

2440 8 2440
8
3 4 5 6 7 9 9.3 3 4 5 6 7 9.3
2420 2420
0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600
Volume In (bbl) Volume In (bbl)
Circulating Pressure Hydrostatic Pressure
BP GHB
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Diseador Tuned Spacer
Tuned Spacer I
Tuned Spacer III

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Compresibilidad del Lodo.

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Opticem Outputs
OptiCem OptiCem
Circulating Pressure and Density at Fracture Zone Calculated Surface Pressure
Calculated Surface Pressure vs. Liquid Volume
Downhole Annular Pressure and ECD vs. Liquid Volume Calculated Wellhead Pressure Calculated Pump Pressure
A Circulating Pressure A Hydrostatic Pressure A B
5000
3250 Fluids Pumped
Fracture Pressure/ECD at 992 m T VD Fluids Pumped
2 TS III @ 1.85 gr/cc
2.2 2 TS III @ 1.85 gr/cc
3 Injectrol 1.75 gr/cc
3000 3 Injectrol 1.75 gr/cc
4000 4 TS III @ 1.85 gr/cc
4 TS III @ 1.85 gr/cc
2.0 5 Gasstop 1.90 gr/cc PAL 1807
2750 5 Gasstop 1.90 gr/cc PAL 1807
6 Elastic Cem 1.90 gr/cc PAL 1807
6 Elastic Cem 1.90 gr/cc PAL 1807
3000 7 Salmuera Potasica 1.03 g/cm3
1.8 7 Salmuera Potasica 1.03 g/cm3
2500 8 Agua
8 Agua

2250 1.6 2000

E C D ( g /c m )
P r e s s u r e ( p s i)

2000 1.4

S u r f a c e P r e s s u r e ( p s i)
1000
1750 5
4
Reservoir Pressure/ECD at 992 m TVD 1.2
3 4 6 7 8
3 5 6 7 8
0
1500
0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 400
0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 400
Volume In (bbl) Volume In (bbl)
Customer: ATG-V PM Job Date: 27-Aug-2010 Sales Order #: August PMX 630
Customer: ATG-V PM Job Date: 27-Aug-2010 Sales Order #: August PMX 630 OptiCem v6. 4.9
OptiCem v6.4.9 Well Description: PAL UWI: 29-Aug-10 18:17
Well Description: PAL UWI: 29-Aug-10 18:16

OptiCem
Fluid Positions at Job End
Time = 130.03 min, Volume In = 370.22 bbl
0
75. 5 (75. 5) Fluids Pumped
E.I 1.80 gr/cc
TS III @ 1.85 gr/cc
418.1 (414. 0) Injectrol 1.75 gr/cc
500 TS III @ 1.85 gr/cc
Gasstop 1.90 gr/cc PAL 1807
760.7 (737. 3) Elastic Cem 1.90 gr/cc PAL 1807
932.0 (898. 4) Salmuera Potasica 1.03 g/cm3
1000 Agua

1500

2000
M e a s u re d D e p th (m )

2200. 0 (2109.5)

2500

Casing
MD (T VD)
Annulus
3000
0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 15 10 5 0 5 10 15 20
Density (g/cm) Diameter (in)
Customer: ATG-V PM Job Date: 27-Aug-2010 Sales Order #: August PMX 630
OptiCem v6.4.9
Well Description: P AL UWI: 29-Aug-10 18:17

2012 HALLIBURTON. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. 18


Grafico de Erodabilidad.
OptiCem
OptiCem
Erodibility
Erodibility Profile
Profile
Displacement
Displacement Efficiency
Efficiency vs.
vs. Measured
Measured Depth
Depth
2200
2200

2400
2400

2600
2600

2800
2800

3000
3000

3200
3200

3400
3400

3600
3600
M
M ee a ssuu rree d DD ee pp th

3800
3800

4000
4000

4200
4200
40
40 50
50 60
60 70
70 80
80 90
90 100
100
(%)
(%) Hole
Hole Cleaned
Cleaned
th (m
(m ))

Customer: NAOC Job H


HAA LL LL IB
IB U
URRT
TOON
Customer: NAOC Job Date:
Dat e: 24-Jan-2004
24-Jan-2004 Sales
Sales Order
Order #:
#: N
OptiCem
OptiCem v6.0.0
v6.0.0
Well
Well Descript
Description:
ion: OML
OML 61/27
61/27 #34
#34 #34
#34 UWI:
UWI: 10-Dec-05
10-Dec-05 09:44
09:44

2012 HALLIBURTON. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. 19


Grafico de Erodabilidad.
OptiCem
Fluid Positions at Job End
Time = 159.24 min, Volume In = 126.00 m
0
Fluids Pumped
9-5/8" OBM
Base Oil Flush
685.8 (685.8)
9-5/8" Dual Sp acer
1000 9-5/8" Tail
9-5/8" Lead
9-5/8" Dual Sp acer
1517.9 (1517.9) 9-5/8" OBM
1619.9 (1619.9)
1722.0 (1722.0) 9-5/8" OBM
2000 Fluid in Freefall
Down Hole Depth

2692.6 (2692.6)

3000
M easu red D ep th (m )

% Limpieza del
hoyo es ahora 4000
MD (TVD)

mostrado sobre la Casing

grafica de posicin 5000


0 1000 2000 400 300 200 100 0 100 200 300 400 500 600
Annulus

final de los fluidos. Density (kg/m) Diameter (mm)


Customer: NAOC Job Dat e: 24-Jan-2004 Sales Order #: H A L L IB U R T O N
OptiCem v6.0.0
Well Description: OML 61/27 #34 #34 UWI: 10-Dec-05 09:24

2012 HALLIBURTON. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. 20


Opticem Tiempo Real
Real-time caractersticas:
Capaz de modelar una cementacin en Reversa.
Desarrollo del simulador en tiempo real.
De 45 segundos a 1 segundo.
Pueden realizarse modificaciones en el modo RT.
Diagrama mecnico.
Modificar la secuencia de bombeo.
Suspender y reactivar la adquisicin de datos.
Wash Lines Botn.
Shutoff Gas Injection

2012 HALLIBURTON. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. 21


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Graficos RT.
OptiCem
OptiCem
Fluid
Fluid Positions
Positions at
at Job
Job End
End
Time
Time =
= 307.14
307.14 min,
min, Volume
Volume In
In =
= 1539.60
1539.60 bbl
bbl
00
Fluids
Fluids Pumped
Pumped
1074.0
1074.0 (1074.0)
(1074.0) 9-5/8"
9-5/8" OBM
OBM
Base
Base Oil
Oil Flush
Flush
2000
2000 2078.5
2078.5 (2078.5)
(2078.5) 9-5/8"
9-5/8" Dual
Dual Sp
Spacer
acer
9-5/8" Lead
9-5/8" Lead
9-5/8"
9-5/8" Tail
Tail
4000 9-5/8"
9-5/8" Dual
Dual Sp
Spacer
acer
4000
Se puede seleccionar
4184.5
4184.5 (4184.4)
(4184.4) 9-5/8"
9-5/8" OBM
OBM
9-5/8"
9-5/8" OBM
OBM

mltiples curvas para 6000


6000
Down
Down Hole
Hole Dep th
Depth

mostrar, tales como: 7499.6


7499.6 (7499.6)
(7499.6)
8000
Densidad, Presin, 8000

Calidad y Gasto.
M
Measu

10000
10000
easured
red DDep

12000
12000
epth

Casing
Casing
th (ft)

MD
MD (TVD)
(TVD) Annulus
Annulus
(ft)

14000
14000
55 10
10 15
15 20
20 15
15 10
10 55 00 55 10
10 15
15 20
20
Density
Density (lb/gal)
(lb/gal) Diameter
Diameter (in)
(in)
Customer: NAOC Job H
HAA LL LLIB
IB U
URR TT O
ON
Customer: NAOC Job Dat
Date:
e: 24-Jan-2004
24-Jan-2004 Sales
Sales Order
Order #:
#: N
OptiCem
OptiCem v6.0.0
v6.0.0
Well
Well Description:
Description: OML
OML 61/27
61/27 #34
#34 #34
#34 UWI:
UWI: 10-Dec-05
10-Dec-05 14:33
14:33

2012 HALLIBURTON. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. 23


Generacin de Reportes

2012 HALLIBURTON. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. 24