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APPLICATIONS OF
NANOTECHNOLOGY-
NANO IC ENGINE
ASHIK A
AUTOMOBILE ENGG
S8
ROLL NO : 120
Overview 2

WHAT IS NANOTECHNOLOGY?
SIGNIFICANCE
HISTORY
APPLICATIONS
RISKS
NANO IC ENGINE
What is Nanotechnology? 3

A Nanometre is equal to one billionth of a metre.


Technology is the application of scientific knowledge for
practical purposes.
Manipulating matter on an atomic scale.
Construction and engineering of functional systems.
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Significance 5

Properties at atomic scale are significantly different


from those at larger scale.
These particles do not follow the laws of Physics like
larger objects.
Possibility of creating better materials and devices.
Wide-ranging applications
HISTORY 6

The first ever concept was presented in


1959 by famous professor of Physics Dr.
Richard P.Feynman.
Invention of the scanning tunneling
microscope in 1981.
Discovery of fullerene in 1985.
Norio Taniguchi coined the term
Nanotechnology in 1974.
Applications of Nanotechnology 7

Manufacturing
Energy sources
Metallurgy
Medicine
Environment
Information Technology
Manufacture 8
Molecular Manufacturing
Bottom up and Top down approach
Inexpensive as it uses small amount
of material and energy
Energy efficient
Materials with low failure rates
Examples
Laser shock imprinting
Molecular fabricator
Chemical vapour deposition
Energy Sources 9

Dependence on non-renewable resources


diminishes
Less pollution
Cleaner environment.
In 10 to 15 years the worldwide
consumption of energy could be reduced
by more than 10 percent.
Reduction in carbon emissions.
Metallurgy 10

Properties of several materials change at micro


structural level
Structural mechanisms can be studied using
nanotechnology
Materials with unique properties could be created
Improved products.
Examples 11

Carbon nanotubes coated with diamond for


cutting high cost material
Nano composites for low cost pipes
Semiconductor nano particles in solar cells
Lightweight badminton rackets using buckyballs.
Medicine 12

Molecular scale surgery to repair and


rearrange cells
Cancer cells, toxic chemicals and viruses
could be destroyed using nanomachines.
Mutations in DNA could be repaired
Medicinal fluids containing nanobots
Nanoelectronic biosensor
Environment 13

Saves raw materials and energy


Reduces greenhouse gases
Reduces hazardous wastes
Examples:
Battery recycling
Radioactive waste clean-up
Water treatment
Carbon dioxide capture
Artificial photosynthesis
Information Technology 14

Use of nanomaterials to create smaller, faster and


more efficient memory.
Memristors
Phase Change Memory (PCM)
Graphene Transistors
Computers using advanced quantum technology.
Quantum bits or qubits
Outperforms a conventional computer
Automotive applications 15

Improved mechanical, thermal and appearance


properties for plastics.
Coatings for wear and corrosion resistance.
Cooling fluids with improved thermal
performance.
Metal alloys with greater mechanical strength.
Sensors with nano-sensing elements.
Fuel cells with improved energy capacity.
Risks involved in Nanotechnology 16

Nanopollutants
Privacy Invasion
Impact on global economy
Nanotech weapons
Effect on environment
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NANO IC ENGINE 18
Construction 19

The construction is conventional but the scale is


unusual
The Nano is a 0.1 cc compression ignition
engine
Frequently referred to as diesel
Less than 1 inch from back plate to drive washer
No exotic materials required
Components 20

Crank Case
Back Plate
Cylinder and Head
Venturi and needle valve assembly
Conrods and crankshafts
Piston and contrapiston
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Crank case is made of Needle valve assembly is


aluminium made of steel

Crank shaft components


are made of steel
Advantages 22

Boosts miles per gallon.


Prolongs engine life.
Cleans combustion chamber.
Protects the environment.
Applications 23

Nano IC engine could be used:


In race cars
In aircrafts, satellites and spaceships
As powerful blowers in case of mine tragedies
In agricultural pump sets
Conclusion 24

Reach beyond our natural size limitation and work


at the buliding blocks of matter.
Improves the quality of life.
Huge potential in every field.
Unpredictable effects.
Reference 25

Journal of Nanoparticle Research, Kluwer Academic


Publ., Vol.3, 2001 (based on the presentation at the
symposium Global Nanotechnology Networking,
International Union of Materials Meeting, August 28,
2001)
www.understandingnano.com
www.nanowerk.com
www.omicsonline.org
https://en.wikipedia.org
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