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Traffic Volume Data Collection

Daniel Jenkins, PE
Substitute Steven Jessberger
Office of Highway Policy Information
October 23, 2012
Why Collect Volume Data?
Planning/Environment
Project Development
Operations
OHPI needs it
MAP-21
Planning/Environment Needs
Air quality analysis
Noise studies
Traffic projections
Project Development Needs
Interchange Justification Reports
Design
Maintenance of Traffic Decisions
Operations needs
Traffic signal timing
HOV operations
Work zone decisions
OHPI Needs

HPMS
Monthly TVT report
Temporal Traffic Studies
TVT Report
Data Requirements
ATR data submitted to TMAS by the 20th of the
month after the close of the month
TMAS software performs a number of quality
checks on data
7 day error
7 zero hour error
Adjacent hour error
Directional split error
MADT check same month year to year
Maximum volume per hour per lane (new in 2012)
Report available at http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/ohim/tvtw/tvtpage.cfm
Who wants TVT?
Automotive industry companies
Insurance companies
Financial services
Retail
MAP-21
National freight policy
Designate National freight network (AADTT)
HSIP
Traffic data defined as safety data Crash rates
based on VMT
Performance measures
Congestion reduction
System reliability
QUALITY DATA
Guidance
AASHTO Guidelines for traffic data programs
Traffic Monitoring Guide (TMG)
HPMS field Manual
Types of Sensors
In road/on road
Loops
Piezos (axle sensors)
Tubes
Types of Sensors- cont.
Off road
Infrared
Magnetic
Radar
Microwave
Acoustic
Video
Factors
Monthly Factors
Day of Week Factors
Axle Correction Factors
Yearly Growth/Reduction Factors

Determining an accurate AADT is very important


to a successful program!
Factors Example - Seasonal
Rural Interstate Seasonal Factors

1.6
Adjustment Factor

1.4 2002
1.2
2001
1
2000
0.8
0.6 1999
0.4 1998
0.2 Average
0
ov
l
n

ar

ay

ep
Ju
Ja

N
M

Month
Factors Example DOW
2002 Rural Interstate Weekday Comparison

1.15

1.1
Factors

Mon-Thur
1.05
Mon-Fri
1

0.95

Nov
Jan

Jun
Jul
Mar
Apr
Feb

Aug
Sep
Oct
May

Dec
Months
Factors
Misusing the DOW factor can lead to a 5%
underestimate
Misusing the Monthly factor can lead to a 15%
overestimate
Do you factor and are you following the TMG
or some other method?
Problem
The DOT did a traffic count on a minor rural
collector (Site A) between January 26-28
(Tuesday-Thursday). The total count for
three days was 3,600 vehicles. Calculate the
AADT for Site A.
Solving Problem
Locate an ATR on a similar class facility
Solving Problem
Locate an ATR on a similar class facility
Found a ATR on a rural minor collector in the
adjacent county with the following characteristics:
290,800 veh./yr.
January traffic- 19,800 veh.
Solving Problem
Locate an ATR on a similar class facility
Found a ATR on a rural minor collector in the
adjacent county with the following characteristics:
290,800 veh./yr.
January traffic- 19,800 veh.
Calculate AADT and MADT for the ATR site
AADT=290,800/365= 797, say 800 vpd
MADT= 19,800/31= 640 vpd
Solving Problem
Locate an ATR on a similar class facility
Found a ATR on a rural minor collector in the
adjacent county with the following characteristics:
290,800 veh./yr.
January traffic- 19,800 veh.
Calculate AADT and MADT for the ATR site
AADT=290,800/365= 797, say 800 vpd
MADT= 19,800/31= 640 vpd
Compute monthly correction factor
AADT/MADT = 800/640 = 1.25
Solving Problem
Determine AADT for Site A
Solving Problem
Determine AADT for Site A
Calculate ADT for site A
ADT= 3,600/3= 1,200 vpd
Solving Problem
Calculate AADT for Site A
Calculate ADT for site A
ADT= 3,600/3= 1,200 vpd
Calculate AADT
AADT= 1,200 X 1.25= 1,500 vpd

DOW factor would also need to be applied


Data- Collect once,
correctly and
use many times
QUESTIONS?????????????
Danny Jenkins, PE
Volume Program Manager
202-366-1067
daniel.jenkins@dot.gov