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Problem 1.42

Ay= 2.25 cm; vector B has components

Bx=4.10 cm, By=-3.75 cm. Find

a) The components of the vector sum

A+B

b) the magnitude and direction of A+B

c) The components of the vector B-A

d) The magnitude and direction of B-A

The components of the vector sum

A+B

The sum of the x- Ax 1.30

components of A

and B are equal to Bx 4.10

the x component of

A+B

A B x

5.40cm

Ay 2.25

By 3.75

A B y

1.50

Find the magnitude of A+B

(A+B)x

(A+B)y

(A+B)

A B A B

2 2 2

A B

x y

2 2

A B 31.41 5.60

Find the direction of A+B

(A+B)x

(A+B)y

(A+B)

y

A B

tan

y

x

A B x

1.5

tan

1

0.27 radians

5.4

180

0.27 15.5o

Components, magnitude and

direction of B-A

B A x

(4.10) ( 1.30) 2.8

B A y

(3.75) (2.25) 6

2.8 6

2 2

43.84 B A 6.62

6

tan 1

1.134 64.98o

2.8

Problem 1.55

A 4.00 x 3.00 y

B 5.00 x 2.00 y

What is the magnitude of the vector product?

Your books way

Cx=AyBz-AzBy

Cy=AzBx-AxBz

Cz=AxBy-AyBx

components, we find Cz by

Cz=4*(-2)-5*3=-8-15=-23

||AxB||=23

My way: First, a review?

and is used in linear algebra

a b

det( A) ad cb

c d

A 3 x 3 determinant

a b c

d e f

g h i

a b c

d e f a ei hf

g h i

a b c

d e f b di gf

g h i

a b c

d e f c dh eg

g h i

For a cross-product

x

y

z

d e f

g h i

x

y

z

d e f ei hf

x

g h i

x

y

z

d e f di gf

y

g h i

x

y

z

d e f dh eg

z

g h i

For our problem

x y z

4 3 0

5 2 0

x y z

4 3 0 x 3* 0 ( 2) * 0 0 x

5 2 0

x y z

4 3 0 y 4 * 0 5* 0 0 y

5 2 0

x y z

4 3 0 z dh eg (4 * ( 2) 3*5) z 23 z

5 2 0

Problem 1.61

98% water. Given that the density of

water is 1 x 103 kg/m3, estimate the

mass of

a) the heart of an adult human

b) a cell with a diameter of 0.5 mm.

c) a honey bee.

Best guesses

with diameter of 3)

Honey bee: 1 or 2.5 cm long cylinder

with 0.25 diameter

Heart Problem

4 = 4*2.54 cm = 10.16 cm or 0.1016 m

3 =3 * 2.54 cm = 7.62 cm

Volume of cylinder= *(d/2)2 *L

* (7.62/2)2 *10.16=463 cm3 or cc

1m3 4 3

463cc 3 3

4.63 x10 m

100 cm

m

m V 1000* 4.63x104 0.463kg

V

Note: 0.454 kg =1 pound

A cell

Assume spherical!

Volume=4*/3*(d/2)3

3

4 0.5 x10 6

V 5.23 x10 19

3 2

m V 1000*5.23x10 5.23x10 kg

19 16

Honey bee

3 3 3 3

2.54 cm 1m 7

0.049in 3

8.04 x10

13 in3 1003 cm3

m V 1000*8.04 x107 8.04 x104 kg or 0.80 g

Problem 1.70

shifting winds. She sails 2.0 km east

then 3.5 km southeast (-450 w.r.t. east)

and then an unknown distance. Her final

position is 5.8 km directly east of starting

point. Find magnitude and direction of

the third leg of the journey.

Step 1: Draw it!

5.80 km

2.0 km

3.5 km

Step 2: Sketch in the details

5.80 km

2.0 km

3.5 km

Ay

Ay

Ay

?

Step 3: Simplify

2.0 km

3.5 km

Ay

Ay

3.5

Ay 2.47km

2 ?

Step 4: Solve

2.0 km Ay

3.5 km

Ay

Ay

3.5

Ay 2.47km

2 ?=3.8-2.47=1.33 km

Step 5:

2.0 km Ay

3.5 km

Ay Ay=2.47 km

3.5

Ay 2.47km

2 ?=3.8-2.47=1.33 km=Ax

Step 6:

2.47 km

Distance= 7.98 2.81km

2.47

tan1

1.07radian

1.33

1.33 km

180

1.07radian 61.69o

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