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CONSTITUTIONAL LAW

ANIRBAN MAZUMDER
NATIONAL UNIVERSITY OF JURIDICAL SCIENCES
CALCUTTA
NATURE OF CONSTITUTION

Federal Constitution
Distribution of Power

Supremacy of Constitution

Written Constitution

Authority of Courts
FEATURES OF INDIAN CONSTITUTION

Preamble
Sovereign, Socialist, Secular,
Democratic, Republic
Parliamentary form of Govt.
Fundamental Rights
Directive Principles of State Policy
Adult Suffrage
Independent Judiciary
Fundamental Duty
PREAMBLE

We the People of India


Sovereign, Socialist, Secular,
Democratic, Republic
Social, Economic, Political Justice
Liberty of Thought, Expression, Belief,
Faith, Worship
Equality of Status of Opportunity
Fraternity, Dignity, Integrity of Nation
We Adopt, Enact, Give Ourselves this
Constitution 26th Nov.1949
CITIZENSHIP

Who is Indian Citizen?


At the commencement of the Constitution
Who was born in the territory of India

Whose either parents were born in India

Who has been ordinarily resident in India


for not less than 5 year preceding from
such commencement
Special clause for people migrating from
Pakistan
Citizenship lost by voluntarily acquiring

Citizenship of foreign state


FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS
Defn of State Parliament, State Govt,
Local or other Authorities
Defn of Law law inconsistent with
fundamental right be viod.
Equality before law, equal protection of
law
State shall not discriminate on the
ground of religion, race, caste, sex, place
of birth
Access to shop, place of public
entertainment
Special provision for women, children,
backward class, sc, st
FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS

Equal opportunity in public employment


Special provision of backward class, sc,
st
Abolition of untouchability
Freedom of speech and expression
Freedom to assemble peacefully
Freedom to form association
Freedom to move freely within India
Freedom to reside
Freedom to carry on trade
FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS
Protection for offences
Protection of life and personal liberty
no person
- No person shall be deprived of
- Except procedure established by law
- Health, housing, custodial death,
privacy, sexual harassment, illegal
detention, inhuman treatment, cruel
punishment, environment, forest,
water, fair trial, legal aid, livelihood,
FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS
Protection against arrest and
detention
Right against exploitation forced
labour
Freedom of religion profess, practice
and propagate
Right of minorities to establish and
administer educational institute.
Remedies to enforce fundamental
right habeas corpus