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Click icon to add picture FOG IS A LOW-LYING CLOUD THAT FORMS AT OR NEAR THE SURFACE OF THE EARTH. . • Saturation of the air and sufficient condensation nuclei are ordinarily prerequisites for the formation of fog. • It is made up of tiny water droplets or ice crystals suspended in the air and usually gets its moisture from a nearby body of water or the wet ground.

ice. . or salt. such as dust. smoke.FOG FORMS WHEN:  Air is cooled to dew point  While the moisture added in the air begins to condenses into liquid form and attaches itself to particles in the air.

TYPES OF FOG FORMATION Formed • Radiation fog by • Advection fog cooling • Upslope fog Formed • Steam fog by • Ice-edge fog adding • Precipitation-Induced fog moisture .


It is generally thicker over water . although it can also occur over areas of ice and snowpack.Advection fog usually forms out at sea.

Upslope fog forms when moist air is going up the slope of a mountain or hill which condenses into fog on account of  adiabatic cooling. and to a lesser extent the drop in pressure with altitude. .

STEAM FOG  It looks like steam rising from the water. dry air passes over warmer water. Some of the water evaporates into this layer of warmer air. the lower layer of air near the surface of the water warms. . This mixing cools the air enough that some of the newly added water vapour begins condensing into tiny droplets.  Steam fog forms as a result of evaporation when cold.  When the cold air makes contact with the warmer water. which then rises and mixes with the colder air above.

ICE EDGE FOG  In order for ice-edge fog to occur. the dew point of the air over the water must be higher than the temperature of the air near the surface of the ice.  Favourable conditions for the formation of this type of fog are extremely light wind (or no wind) and a strong difference in temperature between the air over the ice and the ocean. .

once it has formed.  The lighter the winds and the longer the duration of the precipitation.  It is also know as ‘pre-frontal fog’ . the more likely it is for the fog to occur. because the smaller droplets evaporate more easily and are also less likely to wash out the fog.PRECIPITATION INDUCED FOG  Precipitation fog is more likely to develop in drizzle than heavy rain.