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THE ORIGINS OF LIFE ON

PLANET EARTH
CHUAH JIA HUI
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THE 6 STAGES OF EARTH FORMATION
Black Earth

Grey Earth

Blue/ Living Earth

Red Earth

Dull Earth (the boring billion)

The Green Earth


THE TIMELINE OF EXISTENCE OF LIFE
THE 3 PRINCIPLE POSSIBILITIES

Special Regarding to religion


creation Formed by supernatural powers

Extraterrestrial Life originated from other planet


origin Theory: Panspermia

Life evolved from inanimate matter


Changes in molecule causes formation of
Spontaneous complex molecules
origin Theory: Primordial soup, Community clay,
hydrothermal vent, the conservation of
energy
PANSPERMIA
The hypothesis that life exists throughout the Universe as life cannot
exist itself.
Life need to evolve from pre-existing life
Proposing that microscopic life forms that can survive the effects of
space, such as extremophiles, become trapped in debris in space
Distributed by meteoroids, asteroids, comets, planetoids, and also
by spacecraft in the form of unintended contamination by
microorganisms.
PRIMORDIAL SOUP - THEORY OF OPARIN AND HALDANE
introduced by the Soviet biologist Alexander Oparin
In 1924, he proposed the theory of the origin of life on Earth through the
transformation, during the gradual chemical evolution of molecules that
contain carbon in the primordial soup
By further
These
exposed to transformation
early Earth compounds
energy in , more
had a accumulated ,
various forms, complex
chemically have been
produced organic
reducing concentrated
simple organic polymers -
atmosphere at various
compounds and life is
locations
developed
MLLLER UREY EXPERIMENT
COMMUNITY CLAY
Researchers have proposed the hypothesis that life is the
result of silicate surface chemistry.
Alexander Graham Cairns-Smith: These surfaces might not
only have concentrated these organic compounds together,
but also helped organize them into patterns much like our
genes do now.
Mineral crystals in clay could have arranged organic
molecules into organized patterns
THE HYDROTHERMAL VENT
Life may have begun at submarine hydrothermal vents spewing key
hydrogen-rich molecules.
Rocky nooks could then have concentrated these molecules together
and provided mineral catalysts for critical reactions under certain
level of chemical and thermal energy.
With the necessary prebiotic molecules being synthesized on metal
sulfides in the vents
The positive charge of the sulfides would have acted as a magnet for
negatively charged organic molecules.
BLACK SMOKER
The hydrothermal vents associated with the theory of life are black smokers,
the type of hydrothermal vents found under the sea
THE MODERN THEORY: THE PRINCIPLE OF CONSERVATION OF
ENERGY

Assumption is made that the Earth have lots of energy which is


the excess ones

Therefore, the formation of living thing is used to equal out


the energy

The 2nd law of thermodynamics: the system dissipate energy


until it is equally distributed

Reproduction makes more energy dissipation until it is


equilibrium to the Earth.
BIBLIOGRAPHY
Bio Course. (2011). The Origin and Early History of Life. Retrieved April 4,
2017, from
http://www.mhhe.com/biosci/genbio/raven6b/graphics/raven06b/oth
er/ch04.pdf

Charles Q. Choi. (2016, March 24). 7 Theories on the Origin of Life.


Retrieved April 5, 2017, from Live Science:
http://www.livescience.com/13363-7-theories-origin-life.html

The Secret of how life on Earth Began. (2016). BBC. Retrieved April 5,
2017,from http://www.bbc.com/earth/story/20161026-the-secret-of-
how-life-on-earth-began
Thank You