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THERMOACOUSTIC REFRIGERATION

BY

LINEESH K
2K3223

under the guidance of

MR SUDHEESH KUMAR
INTRODUCTION

Conventional Refrigeration And Its


Drawback

Thermoacoustic Refrigerator

Unpressurised System
Air as Gas Medium
Loudspeaker as Acoustic Driver
THERMOACOUSTICS
Definition
Background
Uses sound to create cooling
No moving parts inside device

Tremendous Opportunities
Saves energy
Economic potential
Good for the environment
THERMOACOUSTICS
THERMOACOUSTIC REFRIGERATION

Refrigeration using thermoacoustic


principle

Refrigeration by compression and


expansion of a sound wave
COMPONENTS
Resonance Tube
Regenerator Stack
Acoustic Loudspeaker
Heat Exchangers
Working Gases
RESONANCE TUBE
Considerations
Length
Diameter
Sound Reflection
Low Acoustic Losses
Sound Transmission
Choice
1.5 PVC Tube
length c
l
2f
REGENERATOR STACK
Heart of thermoacoustic device
Considerations
Gap Size
Material properties
Material thickness
Location
Length
Does not impede wave
Choice
Paper
Aluminum Screen
ACOUSTIC LOUDSPEAKER
Considerations
Power Capacity
Frequency Response
Choice
10 inch
Operates At Low
Frequencies (100 Hz)
400 W Maximum
Power
HEAT EXCHANGERS
Considerations
Material
Type
Choice
Aluminum
Water Circulated
WORKING GASES
Considerations
Physical Properties
Sealing
Cost
Choice
Air
Atmospheric Pressure
WORKING
WORKING
Stack contains gas parcels
Standing wave carries the parcel left
and right
Temperature changes due to gas
oscillations in the stack
Left parcel rejects heat to the stack
Right parcel absorbs heat from the
stack
THERMOACOUSTIC CYCLE
BENEFITS
Inert working fluid
No sliding seals or lubrication
Very few simple components
Large range of working
temperatures
Intrinsically suited to proportional
control
Immaturity
APPLICATIONS
Heat Powered TAR
beer cooler
Coolahoop

Electrically powered TAR


spacecraft applications
Superconductivity
Cooling of computer chips
CONCLUSION
Thermoacoustic effects occur in
everyday life are too small

low cost is more important than


efficiency

Considerable study requires to reach


acoustic devices to their full potential
Questions