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16 PERSONALITY TEST

(16 PF)
Norberto Orozco Portales III
IV 21 BSE Values Education
DESCRIPTION OF THE TEST
First commercial publication of the 1949 after
ten years of empirical, factor-analytical research
Within the context of a general theory of
personality
An objectively scorable test devised by basic
research in psychology to give most complete
coverage of personality possible in a brief time
Each test item corresponds to only one factor.
Moreover, the experimentally obtained
correlations among the 16 scales are generally
quite small so that each scale provides some new
piece of information about the person being
tested.
16 PF QUESTIONAIRE
FORMS AGE
REQUIREMENT
CHARACTERISTIC TESTING INTENDED
TIME
USE
A 16 to adult More 45-60 For fully
B age precise min. literate person
C wordings (e.g. high
D school
graduate,
college
student,
professional)
E 16 up to Shorter 25-35 For people of
F adult age and less min. limited
vocabulary education,
demanding literacy or
intelligence
DESIGN & CONSTRUCTION of the TEST
Arrangement of the test or questions: ten to
thirteen items are provided for each scale in
Form A and Form B. In form C and D, there are
eight for the Factor B scale, seven items for the
motivational distortion scale, and six items for
each of the remaining by a plan to give
maximum convenience in scoring by stencil and
to insure variety and interest for the examinee.

Form A, B, C & D 3 choices


Form E & F 2 choice appears better
TEST
ADMINSITRATION
It can be self administered because the
instructions in the cover page of the test booklet
is simple and clear.
Test user should establish harmonious
relationship with the examinee.

Detailed Instruction:
Use a separate (sheet) answer sheet.
Tell the examinee whether to tear off the back of
the test booklet as answer sheet or to use
separate answer sheet.
TEST
Detailed Instruction:
ADMINSITRATION
Have him or her enter his name, etc. at the top of
the answer sheet; to read the instructions
carefully, and work out the four examples.
Read the instructions aloud with the client, or
discuss certain points when deem necessary.
Give the examinees about 5minutes for reading
the directions and working the examples. Then
say, turn the page and begin.
In group test, you may interrupt the examinees
after about ten minutes by saying, most people
are now doing question.
TEST
Detailed Instruction:
ADMINSITRATION
Look around and correct early and improper
ways of indicating answers that might later cause
difficulty in scoring, check if the names have
been filled in before collecting answer sheets,
and that there is only one answer given for every
question on the test.
STANDARDIZATION
Items in these final forms are the survivors from
several thousands of items originally tried, and
constitute only those which continue to have
significant validity against the factors.

CONSTRUCT VALIDITY
Focuses on the extent to which the test scores
correctly measure the underlying traits they
were develop to measure.
CRITERION RELATED VALIDITY
External outcomes
Interpreting the Scores:
PRIMARY SOURCE TRAITS MEASURED BY THE 16 PF

Low Score Direction Factors High Score Direction


Cool, reserved, impersonal, A Warm, outgoing, kindly,
detached, formal, aloof easygoing, participating,
likes people
Concrete thinking, less B Abstract-thinking, more
intelligent intelligent, bright
Affected by feelings, C Emotionally stable,
emotionally less stable, mature, faces reality, calm
easily annoyed
Submissive, humble, mild, E Dominant, assertive,
easily led, accommodating aggressive, stubborn,
competitive, bossy
PRIMARY SOURCE TRAITS
MEASURED BY THE 16 PF
Low Score Direction Factors High Score Direction
Sober, restrained, prudent, F Enthusiastic,
taciturn, serious spontaneous, heedless,
expressive, cheerful
Expedient, disregards G Conscientious,
rules, self-indulgent conforming, moralistic,
staid, rule-bound
Shy, threat-sensitive, timid, H Bold, venturesome,
hesitant, intimidated uninhibited, cant take
stress
Tough-minded, self-reliant, I Tender-minded, sensitive,
no-nonsense, rough, over-protected, intuitive,
realistic refined
PRIMARY SOURCE TRAITS
MEASURED BY THE 16 PF
Low Score Direction Factors High Score Direction
Trusting, accepting L Suspicious, hard to fool,
conditions, easy to get on distrustful, skeptical
with
Practical, concerned with M Imaginative, absent-
down to earth issues, minded, absorbed in
steady thought, impractical
Forthright, unpretentious, N Shrewd, polished, socially
open, genuine, artless aware, diplomatic,
calculating
Self-assured, secure, feels O Apprehensive, self
free of guilt, untroubled, blaming, guilt-prone,
self-satisfied insecure, worrying
PRIMARY SOURCE TRAITS
MEASURED BY THE 16 PF
Low Score Direction Factors High Score Direction
Conservative, respecting Q1 Experimenting, liberal,
traditional ideas critical, open to change
Group-oriented, a joiner Q2 Self-sufficient,
and sound follower, listens resourceful, prefers own
to others decisions
Undisciplined self0- Q3 Followiing self-image,
conflict, lax, careless of socially precise,
social rules compulsive
Relaxed, tranquil, Q4 Tense, frustrated,
composed, has low drive, overwrought, has high
unffrustrated drive