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REB500 Commissioning

REB 500

Commissioning

ABB Automation
ABB Power Automation Ltd / NSB-2 / 2000.01.05 / SJ / Page 1
ABB
REB500 Commissioning

The commissioning has to


document that the all protection terminals work correctly in accordance with
the requirements
prove that the hardware has no defects
show that the settings have been made correctly
acknowledge the engineering work
be as short as possible
consist of simple, standardized and logical tests
interrupt the operation as little as possible (in the event of extensions)

The commissioning can


and shall neither replace nor complement the type test
possibly be simplified by a factory test (for example in the case of
several equal stations )

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ABB
REB500 Commissioning

COMMISSIONING
PROTOCOLS
PLANT

OBJECT/DEVICE

ABB-ORDER NUMBER

COMMISSIONING DATE

COMMISSIONING ENGINEER

ABB Power Automation AG, CH 5401 Baden

CLIENT

For unfinished tasks see page(s)


Number. of pages
(Title sheet included)

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ABB
REB500 Commissioning

TEST REPORT Page:


PLANT:
Busbar protection, type REB500

Checklist

Kind of test Remarks Page Kind of test Remarks Page

General details Checking the input signals

Visual check for transport damages Checking the signalling circuits / alarms

Visual check of external wiring Checking the tripping circuits

Checking the cubicle-/device grounding Stability check

Checking the auxiliary supply voltage (DC) Set the system time

Checking the settings (calculated by...) Final check

Checking the c.t. circuits

Checking the v.t. circuits


Foreign test sets applied (not made by
Checking the fibre optic cable ABB Power Automation AG):

Secondary injection with test set, type...... Type, No., Test date:

Isolator auxiliary contacts (isolator replica)

Breaker auxiliary contacts / manual ON

Integrated breaker back-up protection

Starting of (external) breaker back-up protection

Client

ABB
Date: Signature: Datue: Signature:

ABB Automation
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REB500 Commissioning

General specifications
Rated voltage
Type of plant
Software version
Applied diagrams

Check for transport damages


Condition of the internal cubicle wiring, the casing, the cubicle
Completeness of the shipment

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ABB
REB500 Commissioning

Visual check of the external wiring


Are cables / cores crushed ?
Has the core insulation been crushed under the connecting terminals or
has too much of the insulation been removed?
Have the terminal screws been tightened correctly?
Have the directions for the customer wiring been observed? (see
Operating Instructions, Chapter 7.2 & 7.4)
Is the external c.t. wiring screened?

Check of the cubicle- and device grounding


Have the directions for the PLC grounding been observed? (siehe
Operating Instructions, Chapter 7.2)

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ABB
REB500 Commissioning

Check of the auxiliary supply voltage


(If more than one battery is used, these checks must be performed for
each battery)
Kind of battery grounding (positively or negatively grounded, insulated
or symmetrically high-resistance grounded)
Is the auxiliary supply voltage free of ground faults?
Voltage polarity and value (Plus against minus / plus against ground /
ground against minus)

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ABB
REB500 Commissioning

Check for possible cross connections of the batteries:

Batt. 1
+ ! +

Batt. 2
+

- - - -

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ABB
REB500 Commissioning

Checking the settings


Who has calculated the settings?
Do the calculations contain obvious, principle mistakes?
All settings have to be checked in the Reports Print- Out

Function Test
Function Tests like Tripping Characteristic , internal Logic's, Timers etc.
are not required
All functional bindings have to be checked in the Reports Print-
Out

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ABB
REB500 Commissioning

Check of the c.t. circuits


Diagrams + change indices used?
Do I work with the identical diagrams?
Who has performed the c.t. circuit tests?
(Magnetizing characteristic, polarity check, primary injection,
c.t. circuit grounding and place of installation)

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ABB
REB500 Commissioning

Recording the magnetizing characteristic

Control measurement to establish A


whether it is a protection- or measuring
core. ~ V

Normally the protection core has a


higher knee-point voltage. (Depends on
Voltage
the power, transformation, rated current)

10 %
U sat
Definition of the knee-point UK:
An alteration of the voltage by 10% results in a current 50%

change of 50%. When measuring the magnetizing


characteristic, start with a high voltage and subsequently
Current
move down.

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ABB
REB500 Commissioning

Polarity check
for pre-checking the current circuits as well as for checking the
mounting position

Closing the breaker causes a positive deflection on the voltmeter:

+ P1 +
S1

Battery Transformer Voltmeter


(e.g. 4.5 V) V

- P2 S2 -

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ABB
REB500 Commissioning

Primary injection 1.
Protection unit
Checking the c.t. ratio and the
wiring

The currents in the individual phases and in


the neutral conductor are measured at the
following injection modes:
1.
2.
Phase R - N Protection unit
Phase S - N
Phase T - N
2.
Phase R - S
Phase R - T


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ABB
REB500 Commissioning

Check of the transformer circuit grounding


Each d.c. isolated current circuit must (may only) be grounded in one
place.
Recommendation: Grounding as close to the transformer as possible but
on a location also easily accessible during operation.

Protection unit

not recommended

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ABB
REB500 Commissioning

Check of the mounting location


The c.ts must be mounted and connected such that dead zones are
avoided.
The protection zones of the busbar and line must be overlapped.

Busbar prot.
30 VA 30 VA Busbar prot.
P1 P2
5P20 5P20
DEAD ZONE !!
P2 30 VA P1 30 VA
5P20 Line prot.
5P20
Line prot.

WRONG

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ABB
REB500 Commissioning

Check of the v.t. circuits


Polarity check: in principle the same as Checking the c.t. circuits
Transformation check: may be performed at the initial connection of the
voltage
Checking the transformer circuit grounding: the same as Checking the
c.t. circuits
Phase-sequence measurement on the terminals
Secondary injection from the opened transformer terminals onwards

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ABB
REB500 Commissioning

Check of the fibre optic cables

- 2 optical fibre cores per Bay Unit


- Glass fibres multimode with gradient index (840nm)
- Diameter of core 62.5 /m
- Maximum permissible attenuation < 5 dB
- Optic cable 3.5 dB / km
- FST Connector 0.7 dB
- Junction 0.2 dB

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ABB
REB500 Commissioning

Check of the isolator- resp. breaker auxiliary contacts and the


Manual ON command
Final isolator position ON
Has the function of the isolator- Final isolator position "OFF"

and breaker auxiliary contacts


been fulfilled? Isolator gap

Has the condition of the Aux. contacts ON


(closing contact)
isolator switching sequence
been fulfilled?
Aux. contacts OFF
Have all planned Breaker ON (opening contact)

commands been allocated to


the protection? Aux. contact must be closed

Aux. contact may be closed

Aux. contact must be open

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ABB
REB500 Commissioning

Check of the breaker back-up protection

Does each switching command of a protection scheme emit a starting


command to the breaker back-up protection scheme?
Examples:
- Line feeder: Busbar protection, distance protection, overtemperature
protection, DTT (Tripping command from the opposite station) ....
- Transformer feeder: Busbar protection, transformer differential
protection, Buchholz, Oil- and winding temperature protection, tripping
commands of the other voltage level....

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ABB
REB500 Commissioning

Check of the input signals and alarm circuits


The input signals can be checked in the window Binary input/output
state or in the event list
The condition of the output relays can be altered in the window Binary
input/output state provided that the test generator has been activated )
Are all external relay coils provided with free-wheeling diodes?
Functional checks are to be performed whenever possible and no
simulations!

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ABB
REB500 Commissioning

Checking the tripping circuits


Is the circuit breaker only controlled by the relay specified as tripping
relay in the Data Sheet?
In the case of tripping via auxiliary relays, these have to be equipped
with free-wheeling diodes (or possibly with VDRs).

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ABB
REB500 Commissioning

Stability check

A stability check must always be performed with all feeders and


couplers included
The test is to be performed by primary injection with a high-current
source or with operating currents with sufficient power
The test may be performed in the window Measurands per protection
zone .
Are the c.ts of the coupler overlapped? (see Operating Instructions,
Sect. 3.3.4)!

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