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Thinking process

Memahami kerja otak

Bagian otak dan cara kerjanya


Perkembangan otak
Optimalisasi otak
Fungsi Otak
Bagian-bagian dan cara kerja otak

Tiga macam otak


Dua bagian otak
Satu otak
Tiga macam otak

Batang otak atau otak reptilia di bagian bawah


tengkorak. F: mengontrol pernafasan, denyut jantung, dan
reaksi insting dalam keadaan bahaya
Sistem limbik atau otak mamalia bagian tengah yg
membungkus batang otak dengan hypothalamus dan
amigdala.F: pengendali emosi, mempertahankan
keseimbangan hormonal, rasa haus, lapar.
Neokorteks atau otak berpikir mengendalikan
penglihatan, pendengaran, kreasi, berpikir, berbicara dan
kemamuan inteligensi
Dua bagian otak

Otak kanan kreatif


Otak kiri logis

Dokter gigi apakah menggunakan otak kiri? cenderung otak kiri ?


Orang yg cenderung menggunakan otak kanan, bagaimana caranya agar
bisa mengaktifkan otak kiri?
Satu otak/otak tunggal

Holistik
Howard Gardner, multiple intelligence
Optimalisasi kerja otak

Mengaktifkan segi emosional


Menyeimbangkan aktivitas otak kiri dan kanan
Mengaktifkan 8 kecerdasan
Memanfaatkan relaksasi
Memory

Learners ability to save things (mentally) that they have previously learned
Storage

The acquisition of new knowledge the process of putting what is learned


into memory in the first place
Encoding

Store information in different way from how it was presented before


Retrieval

The process of remembering previously store information


Finding the information in memory
A model of the human memory
system

input

Working
Sensory Long Term
(Short
Register Memory
input Term)
attention
Memory
In deptth
processing
(often involves
connecting new
input information to
prior knowledge
Sensory Register

Sensory register is the component of memory that holds the information


you receive (input) in more or less its original, unencoded form.
Working (short term) memory

STM is the component of memory where new


information is held while it is mentally processed
Working memory is where our thinking or cognitive
processing occurs
Ex: when understand a textbook, solve a problem etc
2 characteristic: a short duration & limited capacity
Long Term Memory

LTM is the final component of the human memory system


3 characteristics: long duration, unlimited capacity, interconnectedness
Tulvings Theory of Multiple Memory
System

Episodic Memory
Memories of Personal
Experiences

Semantic Memory
Memory for facts

Procedural Memory
Memory for how to do things