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Chapter2

SELECTION AND
PREPARATION OF
RAW MATERIALS

Reporter: Roldan Diaz


Assessment criteria
1. Raw material are sorted and graded
according to approved criteria and
enterprise requirements.
2. Sorted and graded fresh fruits and
vegetables are weighed, washed,
peeled, cut and sliced according to
required sizes and shapes.
3. Fish and other marine products are
cleaned ,eviscerated, cut, and washed
according to specifications.
TECHNICAL TERMS

1. Grade- to classify the fish,


fruits, and vegetables to
obtain uniformity of products.
TECHNICAL TERMS

2. Peel- to remove the skin of


fruits and vegetables
TECHNICAL TERMS

3. Rind-outer skin of fruits,


removed when eating
TECHNICAL TERMS

4. Wilted-change in
appearance of fruits and
vegetables due to loss
of water
SORTING AND GRADING
Sort fruits and vegetables according to size,
color, and rind quality after harvest.
The quality of vegetables depends on
favorable conditions for their growth, the
season of their harvest , the variety of the
fruits , degree of maturity, size and
uniformity of shape, and presence of
defects. Discard fruits and vegetables that
are injured, bruised, and misshapen.
Characteristics to Choose When Buying Fruits
1. FRESH, particularly those
harvested early in the morning
2. CHEAP but have better quality
especially those that are in season
3. RIPE, having firm smooth texture
do not by the overripe ones
Characteristics to Choose When Buying Fruits
4. With ATTRACTIVE APPEARANCE,
so handle the fruits carefully
5. With GOOD COLOR AND AROMA,
guides to ripeness
6. If overripe, cook immediately
1.Outer skin of fruits, removed
when eating.

2.To classify the fish, fruits,


and vegetables to obtain
uniformity of products.
3. To remove the skin of
fruits and vegetables.

4.Change in appearance of
fruits and vegetables due
to loss of water.
5. _______ fruits and
vegetables according to
size, color , and rind quality
after harvest.
Give the 5
Characteristics to
Choose When Buying
Fruits.
1. Rind
2.Grade
3.Peel
4.Wilted
5. Sort

1-5
Fresh
Cheap
Ripe
Attractive Appearance
Good Color and Aroma