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S.N.P.I.T & R.C.

,
Vidyabharti Trust
Umarakh

GROUND IMPROVEMENT TECHNIQUES


GUIDED BY
KRUNAL A. SHAH
(Asst. Professor)

PREPARED BY
PANKTI PATEL
RUSHIKESH BELADIYA
MISTRY DINAL
HIRAK DESAI
PARTH LIMBASIYA
CONTENTS
INTRODUCTION
NEED FOR IMPROVEMENT
OBJECTIVE
FAILURE DUE TO EXPANSIVE SOIL
METHODS FOR IMPROVEMENT
FLOW CHART OF PROJECT WORK
INTRODUCTION
EXPANSIVE SOILS AND COLLAPSIBLE SOILS

SHRINKING SWELLING

RESULT IN STRUCTURAL DAMAGE TO BUILDINGS


DIFFERENTIAL SETTLEMENT = APPROX. TO OF TOTAL HEAVE

BLACK COTTON
SOIL
FOUNDATION ON
EXPENSIVE SOIL

1) ALTERING THE CONDITION


OF THE EXPENSIVE CLAY
2) BY PASSING THIS SOIL BY
ISOLATING THE
FOUNDATION FROM ITS
EFFECTS
3) PROVIDE A SHALLOW
FOUNDATION
WITHSTANDING
DIFFERENTIAL MOVEMENT
& MITIGATING THEIR
EFFECTS ON
SUPERSTRUCTURE
EX. LOOSE FILLS , ALTERED
WIND BLOWN SANDS , HILL
WASH OF LOOSE CONSISTENCY ,
DECOMPOSED GRANITE OR
ACID IGNEOUS ROCKS
NEED FOR IMPROVEMENT
CONTINUE..
CONTINUE..
MAXIMUM USE
OF INDUSTRIAL
WASTE

ADMIXUTERS
AVAILABLE AT HUGE
QUANTITIES SO IT
CAN UTILIZE

STEEL
AFFECT IN SLAG
ECONOMY OF
CONSTRUCTION
COPPER SLAG
OBJECTIVES
INCREASE IN INDEX PROPERTIES OF SOIL
INCREASE IN STRENGTH
INCREASE IN STABILITY
INCREASE IN DURABILITY
ADOPTING VARIOUS METHODS
FAILURE DUE TO EXPANSIVE SOIL
a) DAMAGE IN STRUCTURE
WHEN LIQUIFECTION OCCURS , STRENGTH OF SOIL DECREASES AND ABILITY OF SOIL
DEPOSIT TO SUPPORT FOUNDATIONS FOR BUILDINGS .
MAY RESULIT IN OVERTURNING OF STRUCTURES SHOWN IN FIG.
EXERTS HIGHER PRESSURE ON RETAINING WALLS WHICH CAUSES TILT OR SLIDE.
INCREASED WATER PRESSURE CAUSE LANDSLIDES OR DAM FAILURE.
CONTINUE..
b) ROAD PAVEMENT

LONGITUDINAL AND
TRANSVERSE
CRACKING OCCURS
WHEN A SUBSURFACE
FLOW OF MOISTURE
TRAVELS IN ONE OF
THE TWO DIRECTIONS ALLIGATOR BLOCK CRACK TRANSVERSE
AND CAUSES VERTICAL CRACKE CRACK
ROAD MOVEMENT.
BLOCK CRACKS
OCCURS IN ROADS
WHEN A SPECIFIC
PATCH IS INTRODUCED
TO MOISTURE
CHANGES.
LONGITUDINAL EGDE CRACK
CRACK
CONTINUE..
C) SLOPE FAILURE
MASS WASTING , IS THE
DOWNSLOPE MOVEMENT OF ROCK
DEBRIS AND SOIL IN RESPONSE TO
GRAVITATIONAL STRESSES
MATERIAL IS CONSTANTLY MOVING
DOWNSLOPE IN RESPONSE TO
GRAVITY
MOVEMENT CAN BE VERY , VERY
SLOW OVER MANY YEARS OR IT
CAN BE DEVASTATINGLY RAPID ,
APPARENT WITHIN MINUTES
DEPENDS ON SLOPE STEEPNESS
AND STABILITY SLOPE
TYPE OF DOWNSLOPE MOVEMENT :
I. FALLS
II. SLIDES
III. FLOWS
METHODS FOR IMPROVEMENT
ADOPTING VARIOUS ADMIXTURES
FLY ASH
GEO FIBER
COPPER SLAG WITH CEMENT
GRANULATED BLAST FURNACE SLAG
STEEL SLAG
LIME
RISE HUSK ASH (RHA)
SILICA FUME
GRANITE DUST
MOLASIS
GEOGRID