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# ELECTRONICS WORKSHOP II - PROJECT

## TOPIC : IC 741 & 555 Tester

Submitted by :
1. Tejas Deshpande (BE15F04F007)
2. Sainath Ebitwar (BE15F04F009)
INTRODUCTION:
 Sometimes when working with a circuit is started
and then after some time it is found that circuit is
not working.
 Most of the time when we start diagnose of a
faulty circuit , we face major problem while testing
IC's. Because other simpler components can be
tested very easily by using multi-meter, but IC can't
be tested easily.
 This circuit can test timer 555 and op-amp 741 ICs,
which are commonly used in electronics practical
laboratories, and project work to save from this
problem.
 This circuit gives confirm message regarding the
working of IC 555 and IC 741.
CIRCUIT DIAGRAMS:
 555 TIMER IC TESTING CIRCUIT :
 741 OP AMP TESTING CIRCUIT:
WORKING PRINCIPLE:
 In 555 IC testing circuit, IC 555 is used as astable
multivibrator with output frequency of around
1 Hz. Resistors R1 and R2 and capacitor C1 are the
timing components that decide output
frequency.
 The 555 tester section is basically an LED flasher
circuit. Square-wave output at pin 3 of IC1 drives
LED1 and LED2 which glow alternately.
 When we have a good 555 under test, the high
and low LEDs are flashing steadily.
 If we have a defective 555 we may get both LEDs
off, one or both ON steady or one or both ON
faintly. In all these case the 555 is defective.
 The 741 tester section is made in a simple comparator
mode. This circuit generates a Square wave at the output if
op-amp is in working condition, resulting a Blinking LED.
 When we ON the circuit with op-amp is in place, initially
voltage at non-inverting input (+) is higher than the voltage
at inverting input (-) and output of op-amp 741 (PIN 6) is
High. So capacitor C1 starts charging through the resistor
R6, when C1 charging exceeds the voltage at inverting
terminal (PIN 2), then output becomes low.
 And when the output goes Low, capacitor C1 starts
discharging and again voltage at inverting terminal of
comparator becomes lower than non-inverting terminal and
output goes High.
 This process repeats continuously and produces Square
Wave at the output, which causes LED to Blink.
 If the Op-amp is in good condition then LED will flash or
Blinks, and if Op-amp is faulty then either LED will remain
ON or OFF continuously.
PROTECTION DIODES IN IC 741 Tester
Circuit:
• Op amps depend on their input transistors being well-matched and
well-behaved in order to produce good results.
• Driving the inputs to a large voltage difference is bad in both
departments, and some op amps can require milliseconds to fully
recover when the voltages get back to normal.
• These two diodes are used to protect the op-amp from damage due to
increase in input voltage. These diodes are called clamp diodes as they
clamp the differential input voltages to either 0.7V or -0.7V.
• We can test and know the working condition of IC before performing the
circuit construction for laboratory purposes.
• When IC is manufactured we can immediately check its working condition
so as to ensure the quality of it.
• We can only test the 555 and 741 IC.
• We can only test the 8 pin IC.
• Output is not clearly mentioned. (User has to know the output LED
condition.)
Applications:
• Industrial instrumentation
• Signal processing
• In Electronics Laboratories for IC testing purpose
• Manufactures can test it immediately after its fabrication, for ensuring
quality control.
CONCLUSION :
Future Scope:
 We can attach an LCD output and using the programming, we can display
the message of the working condition of IC on it.

 We can also implement more no. IC’s to be tested using a single tester
design of circuit.

Conclusion:
 We came up with an idea to construct a chip board with low cost that
could be helpful for all to check or test IC 555 and IC 741 whether it is
working or not.

 This gives confirm message regarding the working of IC 555 and IC 741.

 Thus before using IC 741 or 555 in any circuit arrangement we can easily
find out its working condition and can increase efficiency in circuit.
Actual Circuit :