You are on page 1of 17

The Tomb Of

Feroz-shah- Tughlaq.
FEROZ-SHAH-TUGHLAQ :
• Square in plan, of 45’ side externally its plan cemented walls slope
gently, each side being relived by a projecting surface, two of
which have shapely arched opening.

• Above the parapet incised with ornamental merlons rises on


octagonal drum supporting a shallow and slightly pointed dome.

• Extending in front of the southern side is a low platform or small


terrace surrounded by a stone railing of graceful design
composed of upright and two horizontal bars, the whole forming a
private enclosure.

• The interior of the tomb is a square chamber with squinch arches


in each angle to support the dome, and an arched mihrab is sunk
in the western wall.
FEROZ-SHAH-TUGHLAQ :
FEROZ-SHAH-TUGHLAQ :
• Both in the interior and on the outside of this tomb there is a
certain amount of inscribed arabsque ornamentation which
however,does not belong to the original structure, as it was added
during some repairs executed by sultan Sikandar Lodi at the
beginning of the sixteenth cent.
FEROZ-SHAH-TUGHLAQ :
FEROZ-SHAH-TUGHLAQ :
KHIRKI MASJID :
KHIRKI MASJID :
•The Khirki Masjid is located in the
settlement of Jahanpanah, Delhi,
and was commissioned by by
Khan-i Jahan Junan Shah, vizier to
the Tughluq Sultan Firoz Shah (reg.
1351-1388).

•The Khirki (named for the


perforated windows, or khirkis, that
decorate the upper floors), has four
open courtyards that provide light
and ventilation to the internal
prayer spaces.
KHIRKI MASJID :
• Occupying an area of 87 square meters, the mosque is built on a
raised platform with arched recessed openings (taikhana) that is 3
meters in height.

• Unlike an open courtyard (hypostyle) congregational mosque, the


Khirki Masjid is square in plan, subdivided into quarters; each
quarter has its own inner courtyard.
KHIRKI MASJID :
• Internally, arcades running north-south divide the mosque space
into aisles.

• These arcades are formed by 180 square structural columns and


60 pilasters.

• The main entrance to the prayer hall is through the southern


entrance: one climbs a flight of stairs to a gateway flanked by
tapering turrets.

• This gateway fronts a small vestibule, square in plan, which extends


out from the main southern exterior wall.
KHIRKI MASJID :
KHIRKI MASJID :
•Larger round tapering bastions appear at each of the four corners of
mosque's exterior walls.

• The southern entrance doorway shows a mixture of arch and


trabeated construction: within a decorative rectilinear frame, a blind
ogee arch contains the door opening (itself a lintel frame with a
corbel infill).

• In the interior, bays of arcades signify non-hierarchical space, and


an outwardly projecting mihrab is found on the western qibla wall.

• The square courtyards, which are enclosed by these arcades,


measure 9.14 meters on each side.
KHIRKI MASJID :
•The roof of the Khirki Masjid is divided into 25 squares equal in size.
Group of 9 small domes together alternate with flat roofs (and the
four open courts) to cover the roof.

• The small, plastered domes total 81; the flat roofs, 12. The external
surface of the mosque is plaster; its interiors are undecorated save for
traditional carved stone screens (jalis) that also admit light

•. The rubble core construction of the mosque's walls, both exterior


and interior, can be seen where the plaster has fallen off
KHIRKI MASJID :
KHIRKI MASJID :
KHIRKI MASJID :
Q&A

THANK U.