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Weather Routeing

v
Climatic Routeing

To be used in-conjunction with the


Chief Mate Weather Routeing Notes
Vulnerable
Deck cargoes
Ice
accretion
Weather
One definition

~ State of atmosphere at a place and time,


with regard to;
Heat, humidity, clouds, sunshine
wind and precipitation

[Oxford Concise Dictionary]


Climate
• The prevailing weather conditions of an
area
• A region with particular weather
conditions

Climatology ~ the scientific study of climate


[Oxford Concise Dictionary]
Climatological Information
• Information relating to a particular area
(eg. Ocean Region) indicating
the particular (or typical) weather
conditions that might be expected for a
given time of year.

• This information is based on long term


records and observations.
Climatic routeing
• Areas of settled or predictable weather

• Low to mid Latitudes


– Equator to 40° (Edge of the STAC)
– Tropics
– Indian Ocean
Sources of information
(Climatic)
• Admiralty Routeing Charts

• Ocean Passages of the World

• Mariners Handbook

• Sailing directions
Weather routeing
• Areas of unsettled weather

• Mid Latitudes
• North & South Atlantic
• North & South Pacific

• Weather Routeing Inc


Surface analysis charts
• North Atlantic

• North Pacific
Objectives of weather routeing
• Least Time Track – Tankers/Bulkers
• Least Damage –Livestock or Deck Cargo
• Least Time with Least Damage to Hull &
Cargo – General cargo
• Constant Speed – To stay within Charter
Party requirements
• Fuel economical – A spin off from Least
Time Track
• Avoiding Ice Accretion – Container ships
Factors to consider
• Voyage greater than 1500 miles
• Route clear of hazards to allow for
alterations to avoid bad weather
• Direction of travel – westbound routes
generally encounter head seas and winds
• Areas of changeable weather (Mid to high
Lats and areas of TRS activity)
• Nature of the cargo
• Characteristics of the vessel (i.e. Large
powerful tanker or small Tug and tow)
Construction of first 24hr Locus
Optimum track
Actual weather routing tracks
Information required for Routeing
• Ship’s name, call sign & contact details
• Ports of departure and destination
• ETA, intended voyage speed & ETD
• Ships particulars – draft, length, cargo etc.
• Special requirements i.e. Load lines
• The above may be sent by the Owner or
Charterer
Information sent from ship while
on passage
• Actual time of departure
• 24 hr report with:
– Position
– Course
– Speed
– Actual weather experienced

• Advise any breakdowns, speed reductions


or deviations
Routeing organisation reports
• Analysis of present synoptic features
• Prognosis of expected weather for the
voyage including future storm tracks
• Recommended route
• Advisory message
– If the forecast conditions are significant, but
unavoidable
• Diversion message
– To avoid significant conditions or to return to
track as conditions improve
Hindcast chart
• On request a hindcast chart can be
produced comparing the conditions on the
direct route and conditions on the actual
route taken

• A report can be produced showing the


estimated time and fuel saved as a result
of the vesel be weather routed
• End