You are on page 1of 32

WASTE

6  6 6
 6  
6 6 
    
 6   
66 
 

 6
  6 
6   6

   6  6 
   6       
  
  66  
  6  6 6  6

6 
   6 6 
 6 
  6 

 
 
6

 

  
 66


6 
6
6   
  6 
 6
6 6 6
6 6
6
SOURCES OF WASTE

WASTE

DOMESTIC INDUSTRIAL COMMERCIAL AGRICULTURAL


DOMESTIC WASTE.

ALL HOUSEHOLD WASTE COLLECTIVELY TERMED AS


DOMESTIC WASTE.THE WASTE/SPOILT FOOD ITEMS,PEELS &
OTHER WASTES COME UNDER THIS CATEGORY.RUBBISH LIKE
PAPER ,PLASTIC RUBBER , GLASS, CARDSBOARD, ASHES,
DUST, etc. AS WELL AS DIRTY WATER FROM BATHING,
WASHING& CLEANING. ARE ALSO DOMESTIC WASTE. THESE
WASTES ARE GENERALLY DEGRADABLE. MUCH OF THE
DOMESTIC WASTE TODAY IS RECYCLABLE. SEWAGE IS ALSO
CONSIDERED A DOMESTIC WASTE.
INDUSTRIAL WASTE

WHAT DO INDUSTRIES NEED FOR PRODUCTION


OF GOODS? THEY NEED RAW MATERIALS.
GENERALLY, A LAGE QUANTITY OF RAW
MATERIALS ARE REQUIRED FOR A LITTLE
AMOUNT OF PRODUCT, FOR EXAMPLE, AS IN
MINING INDUSTRIES, SUGAR INDUSTRIES LIKE
PAPER INDUSTRIES AND DISTILLERIES
PRODUCE A LOT OF SOLID WASTES AS RESIDUE
PULPS. TANNERIES, ETC. PRODUCE A LOT OF
CHEMICAL WASTES. EVEN POWER PLANTS THAT
USE COAL PRODUCE LOT OF ASHES AND
POLLUTING GASSES. OIL REFINERIES AND
PETROLEUM BASED INDUSTRIES ALSO EMIT A
LOT OF POISONOUS AND HARMFUL GASES AND
RESIDUES.
COMMERCIAL WASTES

COMMERCIAL WASTES ARE GENERALLY LEFTOVER


OF PACKAGING MATERIALS AND WASTES
GENERATED FROM NON-INDUSTRIAL AND NON-
DOMESTIC SOURCES LIKE HOTELS, SHOPS,
RESTAURANTS, HOSPITALS, ETC. IT GENERALLY
INCLUDES RECYCLABLE WASTES LIKE PAPER,
CARBOARD, PLASTIC AND JUTE BASED BAGS, ROPES,
BOTTLES OF PLASTIC AND GLASS. DISPOSABLE
SYRINGES, MEDICINE BOTTLES, AND OTHER
PLASTIC EQUIPMENTS LIKE TUBES, ETC. ARE
DISCAREDED FROM HOSPITALS.
ARICULTURE WASTES

AGRICULTURE, JUST A CENTURY AGO, WAS VERY NATURE-


BASED. CHEMICAL FERTILIZERS AND PESTICIDES WERE NOT
COMMON IF NOT UNDEARD OF. BUT MODERN AGRICULTURE
SHOWS A WHOLE NEW PICTUE. THE PRESSURE OF PRODUCING A
HIGHER YIELD FROM LESSER LAND HAS LED TO THE OVERUSE
AND MISUSE OF CHEMICAL FERTILIZERS. ORGANIC
FERTILIZERS ARE BIO-DEGRADABLE AND ARE NOT A THREAT
BUT ABOUT 40% OF CHEMICAL FERTILIZERS ARE LEFT AS
RESIDUE IN SOIL FROM WHERE THEY POLLUTE WATER-BODIES.
OTHER CHEMICALS LISTED BELOW ALSO LEAVE RESIDUES IN
SOIL AND ARE A NUISANCE.
INSECTICIDES --- USED TO KILL HARMFUL INSECT
RODENTICIEDS---USED TO KILL RATS AND MICE
FUNGICIDES--- USED TO KILL FUNGI
WEEDICIDES³USED TO KILL WEEDS IN CROP
FIELDS.
Amazing Facts About Paper Recycling

Õ 

          


  
               
               

 ! "            
 #  
ë   
  
     
       
     
      
        
     
      
  ë  
 

       
     
         
       
 
  
   
      !
          
   
  
  "   
  
          #   
  $% 
#!  
 
     
# !   

# &   
 
     

  
    

 
#   
 
       
# " 
       
 
# #           
 
        
  
   
#      
 
     
        

#           '   
   
         
        

      
 (      
         
 
 
 
Õ           
       $   
   %&       
     
 &        '
   
 &             
( &     #      
 
 &          
  #    
) &           
       
* &        
+        ,     
    -         
   
         .       
                 
                   
                 
                
$"Õ/"/0Õ1                .     
                     
       2     #            
                  
     3           
         
           
4         

5           
  
5            
 6 
           
     
  
3   4   +  
7  

       8      


          
         #
      
/    
     
   
     8 
.#9 2  /  6      
       
  0  
/  6     
    
     
     
        
     
   
MATERIALRECOVERY
7 +   
  / +   .: 2   8  
     +   
    /         
         
             
         /         
        6 :    
             0
 Õ  "      
&                
           
         
5    

$    
   
    
    
  ;
#$   
#8    
#/    <8  
#8     
  
#+  
5  6 
;.      
      
       
     
     
 6   ;

#&     =.


      
  '  
      
    
#$   =$  
      
        
 
#$    =/   
       
      
        
       
     
 
5    

    


           
      
8  :      : 
  :    
      
      & 
       
      
        
          
     /   
     
     
m  
m

i    6 


     
        
        
   
3         
      
      
    :   
        
>      
  6      
   
   
To solve the problem of waste accumulation and to promote proper waste
management , all of us need to work together . This mean that the government
Public and even every individuals must cooperate .
Proper waste management also requires equipments and labour.
This needs money. So ,the methods of waste management vary from regions to
regions and country to country based on following factors.
1. Total amount of waste generated.
2.Types of waste generated.
3.Availability of funds.
4.Availability of labour and machines.
Basically waste management means collecting garbage, transferring it to the dump,
and disposing it in a clean , safe manner. You all must have observe dumpers
emptying dustbins / small dumps in your city and taking away the garbage.
i                  =
##2         '      
##.                
##/            
##7          
##7       6          
##$           
##$               6 
##"            
   6  
/                         
8            
##          
##                     
##    <      
##                 
##     <             
            
"         3      7  
            3    
  i                ,
##3          
##3        < #       
      
##3         ,    #)   
  
##8        
##4     /     2       
  
##5             $    
    
$                  
/             "     
            $       
              
##> 

## "  ## . 


##  ##$  
##$   ##$ 
##"   ## 
##8 ? @ ##"
##+ ##$ 
##.  ##. 
##$ 

>  /  .  "   .  $ +  .  " 
$   - 8 ? 8    $  $ " "   
$  $  "