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Health Policy In Indonesia

By:
Group 2
Background
Health system in Indonesia can not be separated from health
development. The core of the health system is all the activities that
have the main purpose to promote, restore and maintain health.
Health planning is a process for formulating health problems that
develop in the community, determining the needs and available
resources, establishing the ultimate program objectives and devising
practical steps to achieve the stated objectives. Planning will be
effective if the problem formulation is based on facts and not on
emotion or imagination alone.
Policies will be the main references of members of the
organization or community members in behaving. Policies are
generally problem solving and proactive. Unlike Law and Regulation.
Definition of Health Policy

 Health policy discusses the policy making of decision making,


leadership, public relations, mobilization of community
participation in the management of health programs.
Formulation of Policy Issues
 Some of the key problem characteristics of policy issues are:
1. Interdepensi (interdependence)
Interdepensi ie the policy of a field often affect other policy issues.This condition indicates a system
problem.This problem system requires a holistic approach, one problem with another can not be
separated and measured alone.
2. Subjective
Subjective ie external conditions that cause problems identified, classified and evaluated
selectively. Example: The objective air population can be measured (data).These data give rise to
diverse interpretations (health, environmental, climate, etc.). A problematic situation arises, not the
problem itself.
3. Artificially
Artificially that is when the need to change the problematic situation, so it can cause policy problems.
4. Dynamic
Dynamic problems and solutions are in an atmosphere of continuous change.Troubleshooting can
actually lead to new problems, which require advanced troubleshooting.
5. Unexpected
Unexpected problems are those that arise out of the reach of policy and system policy issues.
Health Policy Planning
 Good planning, has several characteristics that must be
considered.These characteristics can be simply described as
follows:
1. Part of the administration system
2. Implemented continuously and continuously
3. Oriented to the future
4. Be able to solve the problem
5. Have a purpose
6. Be able to manage
Health Policy in Indonesia
 Government health policy consists of vision, mission, strategy and health program. Each has a
role to create a healthy Indonesian society.These government policies include:
1. Strategic issues
 Equity and affordability of quality health services is not optimal
 Department of health department planning and budgeting system is not yet optimal
 Standards and guidelines for the implementation of health development are still
inadequate
 Health department support to implement health development is still limited
2. Health strategy in Indonesia
 Demonstrate commitment to health development
 Increase accountability and accountability
 Fostering health systems and legal systems in the health sector
 Develop health science and technology
 Carry out health development network
3. Health promotion program policies and community empowerment
a. Development of health promotion media and communication technology, information and education
(KIE)
b. The development of health efforts is sourced by the community and the younger generation
c. Improved health education to the community

4. Healthy environmental program policies


a. Provision of clean water and basic sanitation facilities
b. Maintenance and supervision of environmental quality
c. Control of the impact of environmental pollution risks
d. Healthy area development

5. Program policies on health efforts and health services


a. Health services for the poor in puskesmas and their networks
b. Procurement, improvement and improvement of facilities and infrastructure of puskesmas and its
network
c. Procurement of medical equipment and supplies including essential generic drugs
d. Improved basic health services covering at least health promotion, maternal and child health, family
planning
e. Provision of operational and maintenance costs
6. Individual health program policies
 Health services for the poor class III RS
 Development of facilities and infrastructure of hospitals in disadvantaged areas
selectively
 Improvement of hospital facilities and infrastructure
 Procurement of medicines and hospital supplies
 Improved referral health services
 Development of family medical services
 Provision of operational and maintenance costs
7. Policies for disease prevention and eradication programs
 Prevention and mitigation of risk factors
 Increased immunization
 Discovery and management of the patient
 Improved epidemiological surveillance
 Improved KIE prevention and eradication of disease
8. Community nutrition improvement program policy
 Increased nutrition education
 Prevention KEP, iron nutritional anemia, GAKI, lack of vitamin A, other micro
nutrient deficiencies
 Overcoming more nutrition
 Increased nutrition surveillance
 Community empowerment for the achievement of nutritious conscious families
9. Health resources program policies
 Improved quality of drug use and health supplies
 Increased affordability of medicines and health supplies especially for the
poor
 Improved quality of community and hospital pharmacy services
10. Policy of health policy and management development program
 Assessment and policy formulation
 Development of planning and budgeting system, implementation and
control, supervision and improvement of financial administration, and health
law
 Development of health information systems
 Development of regional health system
 Increased health financing guarantee
11. Policy of health research and development program
 Research and development
 Development of research personnel, facilities and infrastructures
 Dissemination and utilization of health research and development results
Government Health Program
 Prevention and eradication of contagious diseases
 Health of both mother and child
 Hygiene environmental sanitation
 School health
 Tooth health business
 Eye healthcare
 The mental health business
 Public health education
 Health nutrition business
 Examination, treatment and care
 Community health care
 Family planning
 Rehabilitation
 Pharmaceutical Enterprises
 Laboratory
 Health statistics
 Public health business administration
Basic Health Policy in Indonesia
 Amendments to the 1945 Constitution and TAP no.VII /
MPR / 2001 is Indonesia's vision to be responsible for the
health of its citizens, safeguarding human rights in health, and
making it a social security.

 The degree of a person's health is influenced by four factors


from the most dominant:
1. Behavior
2. Environment
3. Health services
4. Genetic
Conclusions
 Policies are written rules that are formal, binding, organizational
decisions that govern behavior in order to create new values in
society. Policies will be the main references of members of the
organization or community members in behaving.
 Policy issues are the value of needs or opportunities that have not
been met, but can be identified and achieved through public
action. The level of the problem depends on what values and needs
are deemed most important.
 Good planning, has several characteristics that must be
considered. These characteristics are simply: part of the
administrative system, implemented continuously and sustainably,
oriented toward the future, able to solve problems, have goals, and
be able to manage.
Thank you 