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# Inequalities

SUCCESS CRITERIA: WHERE ARE WE NOW?

## Level Learning outcomes: R A G

D2 I can represent inequalities on a number line.
C3 I can solve inequalities with one inequality sign.
C2 I can solve inequalities with two inequality signs.
B2 I can solve harder inequalities with letters on both
sides.
B1 I can shade regions of a graph given the inequalities.
B1 I can describe a region given on a graph using
inequalities.
Solving linear
Inequalities Solving
inequalities with
on a number linear
2 inequality
line inequalities
signs

tougher regions of inequalities
inequalities graphs from regions
Inequalities on a number line

Learning Objective:
Can I represent and read inequalities on
a number line?
SUCCESS CRITERIA: WHERE ARE WE NOW?

## Level Learning outcomes: R A G

D2 I can represent inequalities on a number line.
C3 I can solve inequalities with one inequality sign.
C2 I can solve inequalities with two inequality signs.
B2 I can solve harder inequalities with letters on both
sides.
B1 I can shade regions of a graph given the inequalities.
B1 I can describe a region given on a graph using
inequalities.
What are the inequality signs?
There are 4 inequality signs.

> < ≥ ≤
Greater than Less than Greater than Less than or
or equal to equal to

## You may have heard “the crocodile eats the bigger

number”.
So 8 > 5 and 2 < 7.

## They work a bit like “equals” signs.

What’s the point of inequality signs?
Some problems don’t have one specific answer.

## But you have to give the whole range of answers

by using an inequality sign.

## We can represent this range of answers on a

number line.
How do the number lines work?
We use two different “dots” to show the specific
number named in the inequality.

## ○ represents < or >.

● represents ≤ or ≥.

## We then draw an arrow from the dot.

Some examples:
Represent 𝑥 > −1 on the number line.

## Represent 𝑥 ≤ 3 on the number line.

-6 -5 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
Represent these inequalities on a
number line:
1. 𝑥 < 4
2. 𝑥 ≥ 2
3. 𝑥 ≤ −3

-6 -5 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
Represent −1 < 𝑥 ≤ 3.

## We still use the same system:

Put a dot above each of the numbers.
Join them up with a line.

○ ●
-6 -5 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
Represent these inequalities on a
number line:
1. 1 < 𝑥 < 4
2. −4 ≤ 𝑥 < 2

● ○
○ ○
-6 -5 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
One last thing:
You may be asked to list all the integers that “satisfy
an inequality”.
“Integer” means “whole number”.

For example:
List all integers that satisfy the inequality −3 < 𝑥 ≤
4.

## All you do is write the numbers that are between -3

and 4, then include 4 (look at the inequality sign!).

## Answer: -2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4

List the integer values that satisfy the
inequalities below:
1. −2 ≤ 𝑥 < 3
-2, -1, 0, 1, 2

2. 1 < 𝑥 ≤ 5
2, 3, 4, 5
SUCCESS CRITERIA: WHERE ARE WE NOW?

## Level Learning outcomes: R A G

D2 I can represent inequalities on a number line.
C3 I can solve inequalities with one inequality sign.
C2 I can solve inequalities with two inequality signs.
B2 I can solve harder inequalities with letters on both
sides.
B1 I can shade regions of a graph given the inequalities.
B1 I can describe a region given on a graph using
inequalities.
Solving linear inequalities

Learning Objective:
Can I solve an inequality?
SUCCESS CRITERIA: WHERE ARE WE NOW?

## Level Learning outcomes: R A G

D2 I can represent inequalities on a number line.
C3 I can solve inequalities with one inequality sign.
C2 I can solve inequalities with two inequality signs.
B2 I can solve harder inequalities with letters on both
sides.
B1 I can shade regions of a graph given the inequalities.
B1 I can describe a region given on a graph using
inequalities.
Title: Solving inequalities
Starter:
Write down five possible integer values for the
following inequalities:

1) x>5
2) x < 15
3) 13 < x < 25
4) 9 < x ≤ 15
How do you solve inequalities?
Can you solve this? Solving inequalities is
exactly the same:

2𝑥 + 3 = 11 2𝑥 + 3 < 11

2𝑥 = 8 2𝑥 < 8

𝑥=4 𝑥<4
Try solving these inequalities:
1. 3𝑥 + 2 < 5 𝒙<𝟏

2. 5𝑥 − 4 ≥ 26 𝒙≥𝟔

3. 4𝑥 + 7 > 35 𝒙>𝟕

4. 7 < 2𝑥 − 5 𝟔<𝒙
or
𝒙>𝟔
Be careful with negatives!
When you multiply or divide an inequality by a
negative number, the inequality sign swaps
around.

## The same thing happens with equals signs, only

it makes no difference.
Main

Challenge
For example: solve 𝟏𝟑 − 𝟑𝒙 > 𝟕
Method 1 Method 2
13 − 3𝑥 > 7 13 − 3𝑥 > 7
[subtract 13] 13 > 7 + 3𝑥
[subtract 7]
−3𝑥 > −6 6 > 3𝑥
[divide by 3]
[divide by -3] 2>𝑥
which can be written:
𝑥<2 𝑥<2

## Both methods give the same answer!

Have a go at solving these:
1. 21 − 8𝑥 ≥ 13
𝒙≤𝟏

2. 5 − 4𝑥 < 13
𝒙 > −𝟐
SUCCESS CRITERIA: WHERE ARE WE NOW?

## Level Learning outcomes: R A G

D2 I can represent inequalities on a number line.
C3 I can solve inequalities with one inequality sign.
C2 I can solve inequalities with two inequality signs.
B2 I can solve harder inequalities with letters on both
sides.
B1 I can shade regions of a graph given the inequalities.
B1 I can describe a region given on a graph using
inequalities.
Solving with two inequality
signs
Learning Objective:
Can I solve an inequality that contains
two inequality signs?
SUCCESS CRITERIA: WHERE ARE WE NOW?

## Level Learning outcomes: R A G

D2 I can represent inequalities on a number line.
C3 I can solve inequalities with one inequality sign.
C2 I can solve inequalities with two inequality signs.
B2 I can solve harder inequalities with letters on both
sides.
B1 I can shade regions of a graph given the inequalities.
B1 I can describe a region given on a graph using
inequalities.
Two inequality signs? How on earth…?
This looks horrible, but really isn’t – honestly!

## All you do is split the two bits up and solve like

you have done before.

## You then put them back together again at the

end.
An example:
Solve 5 < 2𝑥 − 1 < 13 .

6 < 2𝑥 2𝑥 < 14

3<𝑥 𝑥<7

3<𝑥<7
Solve these inequalities and write all
the integer values that satisfy them:
1. 8 ≤ 3𝑥 + 2 < 23
𝟐≤𝒙<𝟕
Integer values: 2, 3, 4, 5, 6

2. −5 < 4𝑥 + 3 ≤ 19

−𝟐 ≤ 𝒙 < 𝟒
Integer values: -2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3
SUCCESS CRITERIA: WHERE ARE WE NOW?

## Level Learning outcomes: R A G

D2 I can represent inequalities on a number line.
C3 I can solve inequalities with one inequality sign.
C2 I can solve inequalities with two inequality signs.
B2 I can solve harder inequalities with letters on both
sides.
B1 I can shade regions of a graph given the inequalities.
B1 I can describe a region given on a graph using
inequalities.
Solving inequalities with letters
on both sides
Learning Objective:
Can I solve inequalities with letters on
both sides?
SUCCESS CRITERIA: WHERE ARE WE NOW?

## Level Learning outcomes: R A G

D2 I can represent inequalities on a number line.
C3 I can solve inequalities with one inequality sign.
C2 I can solve inequalities with two inequality signs.
B2 I can solve harder inequalities with letters on both
sides.
B1 I can shade regions of a graph given the inequalities.
B1 I can describe a region given on a graph using
inequalities.
What do you mean?
This is where the letter appears on both sides of
the inequality sign.

before.

## Just be careful what you do with the inequality

sign.
An example:
Solve 5𝑥 − 3 > 3𝑥 + 5
Get the letter
onto one side [subtract 3𝑥]
Get the
2𝑥 − 3 > 5
the other side
2𝑥 > 8
Find the value
of 𝑥
[Divide by 2]
𝒙>𝟒
Another example:
Solve 7 − 2𝑥 > 3𝑥 − 8
Get the letter
Get the
7 > 5𝑥 − 8
the other side
15 > 5𝑥
Find the value
of 𝑥
[Divide by 5]
𝟑 > 𝒙 or 𝒙 < 𝟑
Solve these inequalities:
1. 7𝑥 + 3 ≥ 3𝑥 + 11
𝒙≥𝟐

2. 𝑥 − 7 < 4𝑥 + 2
𝒙 > −𝟑
SUCCESS CRITERIA: WHERE ARE WE NOW?

## Level Learning outcomes: R A G

D2 I can represent inequalities on a number line.
C3 I can solve inequalities with one inequality sign.
C2 I can solve inequalities with two inequality signs.
B2 I can solve harder inequalities with letters on both
sides.
B1 I can shade regions of a graph given the inequalities.
B1 I can describe a region given on a graph using
inequalities.

Learning Objective:
Can I shade the correct region of a
graph given an inequality?
SUCCESS CRITERIA: WHERE ARE WE NOW?

## Level Learning outcomes: R A G

D2 I can represent inequalities on a number line.
C3 I can solve inequalities with one inequality sign.
C2 I can solve inequalities with two inequality signs.
B2 I can solve harder inequalities with letters on both
sides.
B1 I can shade regions of a graph given the inequalities.
B1 I can describe a region given on a graph using
inequalities.
What does this involve?
You will need to know how you plot linear
graphs in the forms:
𝑦 = 𝑚𝑥 + 𝑐
𝑎𝑥 + 𝑏𝑦 = 𝑛

## You then shade either side of the line depending

upon the inequality sign.

## There will often be more than one inequality to

deal with!
One more thing:
The lines are different depending upon the
inequality sign.

## ≥ and ≤ require a solid line.

Quick reminder:
𝑥 = a number is a vertical line.
𝑦 = a number is a horizontal line.
𝒙 = −𝟑

𝒚=𝟐
How do the inequality signs work?
The “equals” sign is replaced by an inequality
sign.

## > and ≥ - shade “above” the line.

Shade the region represented by 𝒙 ≥ −𝟑

Draw the 𝒙 = −𝟑
graph

Solid line
because it is
equal to

Shade the values that are bigger than 3 or “above the line”
Shade the region represented by 𝒚 < 𝟐

Draw the
graph Dotted line
because it’s
𝒚=𝟐 not equal to

Shade the values that are less than 2 or “below the line”
Can you shade the regions given by
these inequalities?
1. 𝑦 ≥ −1
2. 𝑥 < −3
𝒙 = −𝟑

𝒚 = −𝟏
Two to watch out for:
by −3 < 𝑥 ≤ 1. by −1 ≥ 𝑦 > 2.
A reminder of plotting lines from
their equations:
It is the general equation for a straight line.

𝑦 = 𝑚𝑥 + 𝑐

cuts the 𝑦-axis
An example – plot 𝒚 = 𝒙 + 𝟐:

The 𝑦 − 𝑖𝑛𝑡𝑒𝑟𝑐𝑒𝑝𝑡:
The line cuts the 𝑦-axis
1 at (0,2).
1
𝑅𝑖𝑠𝑒 1
𝑅𝑢𝑛 1

## Draw the line.

Another example – plot 𝒚 = 𝟐𝒙 − 𝟑:

The 𝑦 − 𝑖𝑛𝑡𝑒𝑟𝑐𝑒𝑝𝑡:
The line cuts the 𝑦-axis
at (0,-3).

𝑅𝑖𝑠𝑒 2
2 𝑅𝑢𝑛 1

## 1 Draw the line.

Example:
Shade the region given by 𝒚 ≥ 𝒙 + 𝟐:
Draw the
line

the line
Another example:
Shade the region given by 𝒚 < 𝟐𝒙 − 𝟑:
Draw the
line

the line
1. 𝑦 ≤ 2𝑥 + 1
2. 𝑦 > 5 − 𝑥
Graphs in the form 𝒂𝒙 + 𝒃𝒚 = 𝒏
These you plot by covering the 𝑥 and the 𝑦 to
find two co-ordinates that you join up.

When 𝑥 = 0, When 𝑦 = 0,
then y = 2 Eg. 2𝑥 + 3𝑦 = 6 then 𝑥 = 3

## This gives the points:

(3,0)
(0,2)
More than one inequality:
Shade the region that satisfies these inequalities:
𝑥≥0 Above
Where to
𝑦 > −1 Above
Draw the
𝑥 + 2𝑦 ≤ 4 Below

lines

region
Try this:
Shade the region that satisfies these inequalities:
𝑥 > −2
𝑦≥0
3𝑥 + 𝑦 < 3
SUCCESS CRITERIA: WHERE ARE WE NOW?

## Level Learning outcomes: R A G

D2 I can represent inequalities on a number line.
C3 I can solve inequalities with one inequality sign.
C2 I can solve inequalities with two inequality signs.
B2 I can solve harder inequalities with letters on both
sides.
B1 I can shade regions of a graph given the inequalities.
B1 I can describe a region given on a graph using
inequalities.
Describing regions

Learning Objective:
Can I describe regions of graphs using
inequalities?
SUCCESS CRITERIA: WHERE ARE WE NOW?

## Level Learning outcomes: R A G

D2 I can represent inequalities on a number line.
C3 I can solve inequalities with one inequality sign.
C2 I can solve inequalities with two inequality signs.
B2 I can solve harder inequalities with letters on both
sides.
B1 I can shade regions of a graph given the inequalities.
B1 I can describe a region given on a graph using
inequalities.
What is this?
This is just the opposite of drawing the graphs and

inequality sign.

## Shading above the line: > or ≥

Shading below the line: < or ≤
Two examples
Example 1 Example 2

represented by the inequality represented by the inequality
𝑥<1 𝑦 ≥ 2𝑥 − 1
Two for you:
Question 1 Question 2

represented by the inequality represented by the inequality
𝑦 ≥ −2 𝑦 <𝑥+1
More than one line:
The number of inequalities you have to give is
the same as the number of lines drawn.

## You need to write down all of them with the

correct inequalities to get all the marks.
One example:
Write the inequalities satisfied by the shaded
region below.

𝒚≥𝟎

𝒚 < 𝟐𝒙 + 𝟒
𝒙≤𝟎
You try this one:
Write the inequalities satisfied by the shaded
region below.
𝒙<𝟒
𝒚 < 𝟐𝒙 + 𝟒

𝒚 ≥ −𝟐
SUCCESS CRITERIA: WHERE ARE WE NOW?

## Level Learning outcomes: R A G

D2 I can represent inequalities on a number line.
C3 I can solve inequalities with one inequality sign.
C2 I can solve inequalities with two inequality signs.
B2 I can solve harder inequalities with letters on both
sides.
B1 I can shade regions of a graph given the inequalities.
B1 I can describe a region given on a graph using
inequalities.