You are on page 1of 62

Co u rse Sessio n File Pag e

Title
System s Technolog y
N am e
4W D (JTEKT)
N am e
01 N u m b er ‹# ›

Slid e Descrip tio n


4W D (JTEKT)

Transmission & Driveline

01 /20
N arratio n
Co u rse Sessio n File Pag e
Title
System s Technolog y
N am e
4W D (JTEKT)
N am e
01 N u m b er ‹# ›

Slid e Descrip tio n


4W D (JTEKT)

4W D (JTEKT)

We plan to insert an image of a 4WD vehicle here.

The copyright to this content belongs to Hyundai Motor Group.

Click
01 /20

This content is designed to provide you with a comprehensive understanding of 4WD (JTEKT) drive systems and to improve your
knowledge of their applications. The copyright to this content belongs to Hyundai Motor Group.
N arratio n
Co u rse Sessio n File Pag e
Title
System s Technolog y
N am e
4W D (JTEKT)
N am e
02 N u m b er ‹# ›

Slid e Descrip tio n


4W D (JTEKT) Introduction Learning Evaluation Summary

Learning Objectives

 To understand the basic components and operating


principles of 4WD (JTEKT) systems.

 To analyze data, perform maintenance checks, and


detect faults based on the 4WD (JTEKT) Maintenance
Guide.

Learning Content

 4WD vehicles and 4WD specifications

 4WD system configuration

 Input/output elements and operating principles

 Checking EMC coils

Click
02 /20

Today you will learn which vehicle models use which 4WD systems and the specifications of each 4WD system. You will also learn the
configuration, input/output elements, and operating principles of 4WD systems as well as how to check EMC coils.
N arratio n

Please keep the learning objectives in mind as we proceed with today's session.
Co u rse Sessio n File Pag e
Title
System s Technolog y
N am e
4W D (JTEKT)
N am e
03 N u m b er ‹# ›

Slid e Descrip tio n


4W D (JTEKT) Introduction Learning Evaluation Summary

4WD Vehicles and 4WD Specifications

03 /20
N arratio n
Course Session File Page
Title
Systems Technology
Name
4WD (JTEKT)
Name
03 Number ‹#›

Slide Description
4WD (JTEKT) Introduction Learning Evaluation Summary

4WD Vehicles and 4WD Specifications ㅣ 4WD System Configuration ㅣ Input/Output Elements and Operating Principles ㅣ
Checking the EMC Coil

4WD Vehicles

03 /20

Four wheel drive (4WD/AWD) systems transfer power to all four wheels of a vehicle. These systems optimally distribute torque to each
of the four wheels to increase the traction and driving power of vehicles at high speeds and while turning. Compared to front or rear
Narration

wheel drive vehicles that only transfer power to two wheels, four wheel drive vehicles are far safer on snowy, icy, or wet roads and on
rough roads, such as dirt roads.
Co u rse Sessio n File Pag e
Title
System s Technolog y
N am e
4W D (JTEKT)
N am e
03 N u m b er ‹# ›

Slid e Descrip tio n


4W D (JTEKT) Introduction Learning Evaluation Summary

4WD Vehicles and 4WD Specifications ㅣ 4WD System Configuration ㅣ Input/Output Elements and Operating Principles ㅣ
Checking the EMC Coil

4W D Vehicles

Hyundai Kia

Tscon (JM),
u
Borg-Warner Santa Fe (CM) Spor tage (KM)

JTEKT V
eracruz (EN), T
ucson IX(LM) Sorento R (XM)

Wia Magna Later models of the T


ucson IX
Spor tage R (SL)
Power train 12MY (LM)

03 /20

Currently, Borg-Warner, Wia Magna Powertrain, and JTEKT supply the 4WD systems that Hyundai and Kia vehicles use. This course will mainly
focus on the 4WD systems that JTECK supplies.
N arratio n
Course Session File Page
Title
Systems Technology
Name
4WD (JTEKT)
Name
03 Number ‹#›

Slide Description
4WD (JTEKT) Introduction Learning Evaluation Summary

4WD Vehicles and 4WD Specifications ㅣ 4WD System Configuration ㅣ Input/Output Elements and Operating Principles ㅣ
Checking the EMC Coil

Specifications

JTEKT: ITCC AUTO mode


(Intelligent Torque 9 to 12V 1,320 Nm Aluminum alloy
Controlled Couplings) 4WD LOOK mode

Maximum
Manufacturer Operating Voltage Mode Housing Material
Transfer Torque

Steering
Oil Type Oil Capacity Fault Warning Lamp
Angle Sensor

ATF JWS 3309


(Permanently sealed; Replaced by a wheel
0.13 liter On
no need to change speed sensor.
the oil.)

03 /20

This diagram shows the main specifications of 4WD systems. The oil is permanently sealed inside the housing, so it is not possible to
supplement or change the oil. The steering angle sensor monitors the data from the wheel speed sensors on each wheel and calculates
Narration

the turning radius of the vehicle.


Co u rse Sessio n File Pag e
Title
System s Technolog y
N am e
4W D (JTEKT)
N am e
04 N u m b er ‹# ›

Slid e Descrip tio n


4W D (JTEKT) Introduction Learning Evaluation Summary

4WD System Configuration

04 /20
N arratio n
Co u rse Sessio n File Pag e
Title
System s Technolog y
N am e
4W D (JTEKT)
N am e
04 N u m b er ‹# ›

Slid e Descrip tio n


4W D (JTEKT) Introduction Learning Evaluation Summary

4WD Vehicles and 4WD Specifications ㅣ 4WD System Configuration ㅣ Input/Output Elements and Operating Principles ㅣ
Checking the EMC Coil

4W D ECU

Po w er tran sfer un it 4W D co up lin g

The 4WD ECU controls the EMC


The power that the engine in the coupling based on the
generates passes through the signals from various sensors to
transmission to the power supply the proper amount of
transfer unit. power to the rear wheels.

Click
04 /20

This figure outlines the main components of a 4WD system. Click the image of each component to find out its name.
N arratio n
Co u rse Sessio n File Pag e
Title
System s Technolog y
N am e
4W D (JTEKT)
N am e
05 N u m b er ‹# ›

Slid e Descrip tio n


4W D (JTEKT) Introduction Learning Evaluation Summary

4WD Vehicles and 4WD Specifications ㅣ 4WD System Configuration ㅣ Input/Output Elements and Operating Principles ㅣ
Checking the EMC Coil

4WD LOCK Switch 4WD Indicator Lamp

The ECU magnetizes the The ECU Evenly distributes


ITM 4W D ECU EMC coil within the coupling power to the front and
to its maximum level. rear axles.

Function of the LOCK Switch:

The LOCK switch maximizes the vehicle's driving power on rough surfaces, off-road, steep slopes, and sandy
or muddy roads.

05 /20

Pressing the LOCK switch turns on the 4WD LOCK lamp on the dashboard. The ITM 4WD ECU then magnetizes the EMC coil within the
4WD coupling to its maximum level and locks the front/rear power distribution ratio at 50:50.
N arratio n

The LOCK switch maximizes the vehicle's driving power on rough surfaces, off-road, steep slopes, and sandy or muddy roads.
Co u rse Sessio n File Pag e
Title
System s Technolog y
N am e
4W D (JTEKT)
N am e
05 N u m b er ‹# ›

Slid e Descrip tio n


4W D (JTEKT) Introduction Learning Evaluation Summary

4WD Vehicles and 4WD Specifications ㅣ 4WD System Configuration ㅣ Input/Output Elements and Operating Principles ㅣ
Checking the EMC Coil

 The system automatically deactivates LOCK mode to protect the system and
improve driving performance.
T
ravelling at speeds
over 30 km/h  The system switches to AUTO mode once its speed exceeds 40 km/h.

 The dashboard lamp stays on.

T
ravelling at speeds  The vehicle switches to LOCK mode.
under 30 km/h

05 /20

When the vehicle speed exceeds 30 km/h, the system automatically deactivates LOCK mode to protect the system and improve driving
performance. The system switches to AUTO mode when the vehicle exceeds 40 km/h. When this occurs, the dashboard lamp stays on.
N arratio n

The mode changes from AUTO to LOCK again when the vehicle speed drops below 30 km/h.
Co u rse Sessio n File Pag e
Title
System s Technolog y
N am e
4W D (JTEKT)
N am e
05 N u m b er ‹# ›

Slid e Descrip tio n


4W D (JTEKT) Introduction Learning Evaluation Summary

4WD Vehicles and 4WD Specifications ㅣ 4WD System Configuration ㅣ Input/Output Elements and Operating Principles ㅣ
Checking the EMC Coil

Driving in AUTO mode

Normal conditions When four wheel drive is necessary

The computer automatically distributes


The vehicle handles like a 2WD vehicle.
the driving power to the front and rear
wheels without any driver intervention.

Click
05 /20

Let's look at driving in AUTO mode. In AUTO mode, the vehicle behaves like a 2WD vehicle under normal conditions. However, when
the system deems four wheel drive necessary, the computer/4WD ECU automatically adjusts the power distribution between the front
N arratio n

and rear wheels without requiring any action on the part of the driver.
Co u rse Sessio n File Pag e
Title
System s Technolog y
N am e
4W D (JTEKT)
N am e
06 N u m b er ‹# ›

Slid e Descrip tio n


4W D (JTEKT) Introduction Learning Evaluation Summary

4WD Vehicles and 4WD Specifications ㅣ 4WD System Configuration ㅣ Input/Output Elements and Operating Principles ㅣ
Checking the EMC Coil

Controlling the W arning Lam p and Ind icator Lam p

AUTO mode

Faults in the 4W D system

06 /20 Click

Let's see how the warning lamp and indicator lamp work.
The indicator lamp is off in AUTO mode. However, the indicator lamp on the dashboard turns on if the system detects a
N arratio n

fault in the 4WD system.


Course Session File Page
Title
Systems Technology
Name
4WD (JTEKT)
Name
07 Number ‹#›

Slide Description
4WD (JTEKT) Introduction Learning Evaluation Summary

4WD Vehicles and 4WD Specifications ㅣ 4WD System Configuration ㅣ Input/Output Elements and Operating Principles ㅣ
Checking the EMC Coil

EMC

SENSOR OUTPUT

RPM

Vehicle Speed

Throttle Position Sensor

Ignition Voltage

Battery Voltage

Requirement Torque

Clutch Duty

Heat Temperature

Click
07 /20

The ECU controls (duty controls) the current flowing to the EMC coil to transfer the optimum amount of torque to the rear
wheels.
Narration

When the driver engages the multi-plate clutch, the EMC adjusts power distribution ratio between the front and rear wheels
changes from 100:0 to 50:50.

If the EMC coil malfunctions, the system switches to the default 2WD mode. The spec resistance of the EMC is 2.4 Ω ± 0.2
at 25 degrees.
Reference Figure
Clutch
Armature Clutch plate housing

Working EMC coil


direction

Power transferred from the drive


shaf t
Co u rse Sessio n File Pag e
Title
System s Technolog y
N am e
4W D (JTEKT)
N am e
07 N u m b er ‹# ›

Slid e Descrip tio n


4W D (JTEKT) Introduction Learning Evaluation Summary

4WD Vehicles and 4WD Specifications ㅣ 4WD System Configuration ㅣ Input/Output Elements and Operating Principles ㅣ
Checking the EMC Coil

EMC

※ Hover the mouse cursor over each number to find out more.

⑧ ⑨






⑦ ⑪ ⑫ ⑬ ⑭ ⑮
Click
07 /20

Now, let's look at the components of the EMC. Hover the mouse cursor over each number to display the name of that
component.
N arratio n

Inner housing and input shaft



assembly

② EMC connector and bracket

③ Main clutch (secondary clutch)

④ Output shaft

⑤ Ball lamp assembly

⑥ Armature plate

⑦ Pilot clutch (primary clutch)

③ ④ ⑤ ⑥ ⑦
Course Session File Page
Title
Systems Technology
Name
4WD (JTEKT)
Name
08 Number ‹#›

Slide Description
4WD (JTEKT) Introduction Learning Evaluation Summary

4WD Vehicles and 4WD Specifications ㅣ 4WD System Configuration ㅣ Input/Output Elements and Operating Principles ㅣ
Checking the EMC Coil

4WD Internal Structure

Ball
Main cam Control cam

Output shaft

ATF
EMC coil

Main clutch
Pilot clutch
Armature plate

Click
08 /20

This following figure shows the internal structure of a 4WD system. 4WD systems are composed of a main cam, ball,
control cam, output shaft, EMC coil, pilot clutch, armature, main clutch, and ATF.
Narration
Co u rse Sessio n File Pag e
Title
System s Technolog y
N am e
4W D (JTEKT)
N am e
09 N u m b er ‹# ›

Slid e Descrip tio n


4W D (JTEKT) Introduction Learning Evaluation Summary

4WD Vehicles and 4WD Specifications ㅣ 4WD System Configuration ㅣ Input/Output Elements and Operating Principles ㅣ
Checking the EMC Coil

Power transfer unit

The power transfer unit changes the direction of movement to transfer torque to the rear wheels.

Sin g le-axis tran sfer fo r th e Veracruz R2.0 an d


Double-axis transfer: Tucson
θⅡ-en g in es

Oil Specs

Hypoid gear oil SAE 75W-90

Click
09 /20

The power transfer unit changes the direction of movement to transfer torque to the rear wheels.
It uses SAE 75W-90 hypoid gear oil.
N arratio n
Co u rse Sessio n File Pag e
Title
System s Technolog y
N am e
4W D (JTEKT)
N am e
09 N u m b er ‹# ›

Slid e Descrip tio n


4W D (JTEKT) Introduction Learning Evaluation Summary

4WD Vehicles and 4WD Specifications ㅣ 4WD System Configuration ㅣ Input/Output Elements and Operating Principles ㅣ
Checking the EMC Coil

Power transfer unit

Rear wheels Front wheels

Bolted to the 4WD Mounted inside the


system transmission

Click
09 /20

4WD systems have two differentials, one in the front and one in the rear. The differential for the front wheels is mounted
inside the transmission, while the one for the rear wheels is bolted to the 4WD system.
N arratio n
Co u rse Sessio n File Pag e
Title
System s Technolog y
N am e
4W D (JTEKT)
N am e
09 N u m b er ‹# ›

Slid e Descrip tio n


4W D (JTEKT) Introduction Learning Evaluation Summary

4WD Vehicles and 4WD Specifications ㅣ 4WD System Configuration ㅣ Input/Output Elements and Operating Principles ㅣ
Checking the EMC Coil

Power transfer unit

Rear Differential

 Gear ratio: Final ratio of 3.091

 Gear Oil: Hypoid gear oil SAE


75W-90 (the same oil used in the
power transfer unit)

Click
09 /20

The final gear ratio of the rear differential is 3.091, and it uses SAE 75W-90 oil, which is the same hypoid gear oil used in the
power transfer unit.
N arratio n
Co u rse Sessio n File Pag e
Title
System s Technolog y
N am e
4W D (JTEKT)
N am e
10 N u m b er ‹# ›

Slid e Descrip tio n


4W D (JTEKT) Introduction Learning Evaluation Summary

Overviewㅣ Configuration ㅣ
Principles ㅣ Diagnostics

10 /20

Let's pause for a moment here, to take a pop quiz!


N arratio n
Co u rse Sessio n File Pag e
Title
System s Technolog y
N am e
4W D (JTEKT)
N am e
10 N u m b er ‹# ›

Slid e Descrip tio n


4W D (JTEKT) Introduction Learning Evaluation Summary

Overviewㅣ Configuration ㅣ
Principles ㅣ Diagnostics

Read the following statement and select O if it is correct and X if it is incorrect.

It is possible to change the oil in a 4WD system.

O X

Click
10 /20

Read the following statement and select O if it is correct and X if it is incorrect.


N arratio n
The Answer to the Pop Quiz and an Explanation

Read the following statement and select O if it is correct and X if it is incorrect.

O X
Correct answer:
Explanation: It is impossible to change the oil in a 4WD system because it is permanently sealed
within the housing.
Co u rse Sessio n File Pag e
Title
System s Technolog y
N am e
4W D (JTEKT)
N am e
11 N u m b er ‹# ›

Slid e Descrip tio n


4W D (JTEKT) Introduction Learning Evaluation Summary

Input/Output Elements and Operating Principles

11 /20
N arratio n
Course Session File Page
Title
Systems Technology
Name
4WD (JTEKT)
Name
11 Number ‹#›

Slide Description
4WD (JTEKT) Introduction Learning Evaluation Summary

4WD Vehicle Models and 4WD Specifications ㅣ 4WD System Configuration ㅣ Input/Output Elements and
Operating Principles ㅣ Checking the EMC Coil

Input and Output Factors

INPUT OUTPUT

Power / Ground •4WD LOOK indicator


lamp
•4WD warning lamp
4WD LOOK S/W
•Self -diagnosis

•TPS
•RPM
•WSS EMC coil
•ABS signal
•Brake S/W signal

Click
11 /20

This table shows the input and output elements of a 4WD system. Click each item to find out more.
Narration
Course Session File Page
Title
Systems Technology
Name
4WD (JTEKT)
Name
11 Number ‹#›

Slide Description
4WD (JTEKT) Introduction Learning Evaluation Summary

4WD Vehicle Models and 4WD Specifications ㅣ 4WD System Configuration ㅣ Input/Output Elements and
Operating Principles ㅣ Checking the EMC Coil

4WD Operating Principles

Click
11 /20

Now we will look at the mechanisms that operate in a 4WD system.


Based on inputs, the 4WD ECU magnetizes the EMC coil and pulls the pilot clutch. The pilot cam and the main cam move
Narration

away from the ball between them, pushing the main clutch and the pilot clutch outward. This transfers the power from the
transmission to the wheels, and the vehicle switches to the four wheel drive mode.
At this point, the multi-plate clutch activity changes based on the magnetization of the EMC and the power distribution ratio
between the front and rear wheels changes from 100:0 to 50:50.
Co u rse Sessio n File Pag e
Title
System s Technolog y
N am e
4W D (JTEKT)
N am e
12 N u m b er ‹# ›

Slid e Descrip tio n


4W D (JTEKT) Introduction Learning Evaluation Summary

4WD Vehicle Models and 4WD Specifications ㅣ 4WD System Configuration ㅣ Input/Output Elements and
Operating Principles ㅣ Checking the EMC Coil

Power Transm issio n Principle

Four wheel speed


sensors
Accelerator position
sensor

Current control

ECU

Engine

Coupling Rear differential


Power transfer unit

Transmissi Front differential


on

Click
12 /20

Now let's turn our attention to the power transfer unit.


The power generated by the engine passes through the transmission to the front wheels. The power transfer unit changes
N arratio n

the direction of rotation to convey the power along the drive shaft to the 4WD coupling (ITCC) located on the rear axle.
When the 4WD ECU activates the EMC within the 4WD coupling, the rear differential begins transferring the power from the
drive shaft
to the rear axle and wheels.
Course Session File Page
Title
Systems Technology
Name
4WD (JTEKT)
Name
13 Number ‹#›

Slide Description
4WD (JTEKT) Introduction Learning Evaluation Summary

4WD Vehicle Models and 4WD Specifications ㅣ 4WD System Configuration ㅣ Input/Output Elements and
Operating Principles ㅣ Checking the EMC Coil

System Control Mode

Sample Box

※ Drag each item from the


Sample Box to the blank
space on the right.

Cruising

Cornering

Wheel slipping

4WD LOCK mode

13 /20

Next, we will examine the power transmission flow in each control mode. Drag an item from the Sample Box to the blank
area on the right to see more the corresponding information. (이부분 번역 변경해야됨)
Narration
Course Session File Page
Title
Systems Technology
Name
4WD (JTEKT)
Name
13 Number ‹#›

Slide Description
4WD (JTEKT) Introduction Learning Evaluation Summary

4WD Vehicle Models and 4WD Specifications ㅣ 4WD System Configuration ㅣ Input/Output Elements and
Operating Principles ㅣ Checking the EMC Coil

System Control Mode

Sample Box

※ Drag each item from the Cruising


Sample Box to the blank
space on the right.

Cruising

Cornering

Wheel slipping

4WD LOCK mode

13 /20

Most of the power is transferred to the front wheels.


Narration
Course Session File Page
Title
Systems Technology
Name
4WD (JTEKT)
Name
13 Number ‹#›

Slide Description
4WD (JTEKT) Introduction Learning Evaluation Summary

4WD Vehicle Models and 4WD Specifications ㅣ 4WD System Configuration ㅣ Input/Output Elements and
Operating Principles ㅣ Checking the EMC Coil

System Control Mode

Sample Box

※ Drag each item from the Cornering


Sample Box to the blank
space on the right.

Cruising

Cornering

Wheel slipping

4WD LOCK mode

13 /20

When cornering, the system transfers the appropriate amount of driving power to the rear wheels based on the speed of the
vehicle.
Narration
Course Session File Page
Title
Systems Technology
Name
4WD (JTEKT)
Name
13 Number ‹#›

Slide Description
4WD (JTEKT) Introduction Learning Evaluation Summary

4WD Vehicle Models and 4WD Specifications ㅣ 4WD System Configuration ㅣ Input/Output Elements and
Operating Principles ㅣ Checking the EMC Coil

System Control Mode

Sample Box

※ Drag each item from the Wheel slipping


Sample Box to the blank
space on the right.

Cruising

Cornering

Wheel slipping

4WD LOCK mode

13 /20

The system distributes the optimum amount of power to the rear wheels based on the amount of wheel slippage.
Narration
Course Session File Page
Title
Systems Technology
Name
4WD (JTEKT)
Name
13 Number ‹#›

Slide Description
4WD (JTEKT) Introduction Learning Evaluation Summary

4WD Vehicle Models and 4WD Specifications ㅣ 4WD System Configuration ㅣ Input/Output Elements and
Operating Principles ㅣ Checking the EMC Coil

System Control Mode

Sample Box

※ Drag each item from the 4WD LOCK mode


Sample Box to the blank
space on the right.

Cruising

Cornering

Wheel slipping

4WD LOCK mode

Click
13 /20

- Switching to 4WD LOCK mode maximizes driving performance on rough terrain.


- The mode can only be activated when travelling less than 30 km/h.
Narration
Co u rse Sessio n File Pag e
Title
System s Technolog y
N am e
4W D (JTEKT)
N am e
15 N u m b er ‹# ›

Slid e Descrip tio n


4W D (JTEKT) Introduction Learning Evaluation Summary

Checking the EMC Coil

15 /20
N arratio n
Co u rse Sessio n File Pag e
Title
System s Technolog y
N am e
4W D (JTEKT)
N am e
15 N u m b er ‹# ›

Slid e Descrip tio n


4W D (JTEKT) Introduction Learning Evaluation Summary

4WD Vehicle Models and 4WD Specifications ㅣ 4WD System Configuration ㅣ Input/Output Elements and Operating Principles ㅣ
Checking the EMC Coil

P1756 EMC internal failure

EMC Coil Resistance Specs: 2.4 Ω ± 0.2


Click
15 /20

Now let's see how to check the EMC coil. If a P1756 EMC internal failure occurs, check the EMC coil resistance to ensure
that it is 2.4 Ω ± 0.2.
N arratio n
Co u rse Sessio n File Pag e
Title
System s Technolog y
N am e
4W D (JTEKT)
N am e
16 N u m b er ‹# ›

Slid e Descrip tio n


4W D (JTEKT) Introduction Learning Evaluation Summary

4WD Vehicle Models and 4WD Specifications ㅣ 4WD System Configuration ㅣ Input/Output Elements and Operating Principles ㅣ
Checking the EMC Coil

16 /20

You can use a GDS device to check the EMC coil. The GDS can force activate the actuator. To begin the test, click the
highlighted option in the GDS menu.
N arratio n
Co u rse Sessio n File Pag e
Title
System s Technolog y
N am e
4W D (JTEKT)
N am e
16 N u m b er ‹# ›

Slid e Descrip tio n


4W D (JTEKT) Introduction Learning Evaluation Summary

4WD Vehicle Models and 4WD Specifications ㅣ 4WD System Configuration ㅣ Input/Output Elements and Operating Principles ㅣ
Checking the EMC Coil

16 /20

This opens the test window shown on this slide. Click the OK button to start the test.
N arratio n
Co u rse Sessio n File Pag e
Title
System s Technolog y
N am e
4W D (JTEKT)
N am e
16 N u m b er ‹# ›

Slid e Descrip tio n


4W D (JTEKT) Introduction Learning Evaluation Summary

4WD Vehicle Models and 4WD Specifications ㅣ 4WD System Configuration ㅣ Input/Output Elements and Operating Principles ㅣ
Checking the EMC Coil

Click
16 /20

Check the input and output values on the screen to use when force activating the actuator. You can use these values to
determine whether the 4WD system is functioning properly.
N arratio n
Co u rse Sessio n File Pag e
Title
System s Technolog y
N am e
4W D (JTEKT)
N am e
17 N u m b er ‹# ›

Slid e Descrip tio n


4W D (JTEKT) Introduction Learning Evaluation Summary

4WD Vehicle Models and 4WD Specifications ㅣ 4WD System Configuration ㅣ Input/Output Elements and Operating Principles ㅣ
Checking the EMC Coil

4W D Com m unication

Engine TCU ABS 4WD


ECU (VDC) ECU

CAN HIGH
CAN LOW

The system remains fixed in 2WD mode if it detects any


problems in the CAN communication system.
Click
17 /20

Now let's look at the communication lines in 4WD systems. Two parallel communication lines are connected to the
engine ECU, the TCU, the ABS (VDC) ECU, and the 4WD ECU. These units exchange information with each other
N arratio n

through the CAN communication system. If it detects any problems in the CAN communication system, the system may
remain fixed in 2WD mode.
Co u rse Sessio n File Pag e
Title
System s Technolog y
N am e
4W D (JTEKT)
N am e
17 N u m b er ‹# ›

Slid e Descrip tio n


4W D (JTEKT) Introduction Learning Evaluation Summary

4WD Vehicle Models and 4WD Specifications ㅣ 4WD System Configuration ㅣ Input/Output Elements and Operating Principles ㅣ
Checking the EMC Coil

4W D Com m unication

Fail related to Fail related to the Fail related to


power inside 4WD signal

Click
17 /20

Next, we will examine the power flow in each control mode. Click each item to find out more.
N arratio n
4WD signal Fail related to Fail related to Fail related to
power the inside signal
EMCOver
•P0755EMC
•P0755 OverCurrent
Current 4WD

•P0780 Battery
•P0780 Battery Voltage
Voltage High
High
4WD signal Fail related to Fail related to Fail related to
power the inside signal
•P0755 EMC Over Current 4WD

•P0780 Battery Voltage High


Fail related to Fail related to Fail related to
4WD signal power the inside signal
4WD
•P0781 Battery Voltage Low

•P0782 Ignition Voltage Fault


Fail related to Fail related to Fail related to
4WD signal power the inside signal
4WD
•P0755Battery
•P0781 Voltage
EMC Over Low
Current

•P0780 Ignition
•P0782 Voltage Fault
Battery Voltage High
Fail related to Fail related to Fail related to
4WD signal power the inside signal
4WD
•P0727 Engine Speed Input Circuit No Signal

•U0001 CAN Communication Malfunction


Fail related to Fail related to Fail related to
4WD signal power the inside signal
4WD
•P0727 Engine Speed Input Circuit No Signal

•U0001 CAN Communication Malfunction


Fail related to Fail related to Fail related to
4WD signal power the inside signal
4WD
• P0605 Internal Control Module Read Only Memory(ROM) Error

•P1756 EMC Internal Error


Fail related to Fail related to Fail related to
4WD signal power the inside signal
• P0605 Internal Control Module Read Only Memory(ROM) Error 4WD

•P1756 EMC Internal Error


Fail related to Fail related to Fail related to
4WD signal power the inside signal
• P0757 EMC PWM Out of Range 4WD
Fail related to Fail related to Fail related to
4WD signal power the inside signal
• U0100 Accelerator Pedal Position Signal Error 4WD

•U0121 Lost Communication With Anti-Lock Brake System (ABS) Control Module
Fail related to Fail related to Fail related to
4WD signal power the inside signal
• U0100 Accelerator Pedal Position Signal Error 4WD

•U0121 Lost Communication With Anti-Lock Brake System (ABS) Control Module
Fail related to
Fail related to Fail related to
4WD signal power the inside signal
• U0122 Lost Communication With Vehicle Dynamics Control Module 4WD
Fail related to
Fail related to Fail related to
4WD signal power the inside signal
• U0122 Lost Communication With Vehicle Dynamics Control Module 4WD
Co u rse Sessio n File Pag e
Title
System s Technolog y
N am e
4W D (JTEKT)
N am e
18 N u m b er ‹# ›

Slid e Descrip tio n


4W D (JTEKT) Introduction Learning Evaluation Summary

Core Summary ㅣ Test Your


Knowledge

Today's Maintenance Diary

18 /20
N arratio n
Co u rse Sessio n File Pag e
Title
System s Technolog y
N am e
4W D (JTEKT)
N am e
18 N u m b er ‹# ›

Slid e Descrip tio n


4W D (JTEKT) Introduction Learning Evaluation Summary

Core Summary ㅣ
Test Your Knowledge

1. The oil is permanently sealed within the housing. It


is impossible to supplement
or change the oil.

2. The steering angle sensor monitors the data sent


from the wheel speed sensors on all four wheels
and calculates the turning radius of the vehicle.
Let's wrap up
3. If the vehicle speed exceeds 30 km/h,
what we've then the system automatically deactivates 4WD
LOCK mode
learned today. to protect the system and improve driving
performance. The system switches to AUTO mode
when the speed of the vehicle exceeds 40 km/h.

4. No indicator lamps turn on in AUTO Mode.

Click
18 /20

Let's wrap up what we've learned today.


N arratio n
Co u rse Sessio n File Pag e
Title
System s Technolog y
N am e
4W D (JTEKT)
N am e
19 N u m b er ‹# ›

Slid e Descrip tio n


4W D (JTEKT) Introduction Learning Evaluation Summary

Core Summary ㅣ
Test Your
Knowledge

Let's take a little quiz to test what we've learned today.

Click the ST
ART button when your'e ready to take the quiz.

START

19 /20

Let's take a little quiz to test what we've learned today.


N arratio n
Co u rse Sessio n File Pag e
Title
System s Technolog y
N am e
4W D (JTEKT)
N am e
19 N u m b er ‹# ›

Slid e Descrip tio n


4W D (JTEKT) Introduction Learning Evaluation Summary

Core Summary ㅣ
Test Your
Knowledge
1 2 3 4

1. W hich of the following is NOT an input element in a 4W D system?

① The throttle position sensor


② The wheel speed sensor
③ The brake signal
④ The steering angle sensor

Check Answer

Correct answer: ④
Explanation: The 4WD system does not use signals from the steering angle
sensor. Instead, it monitors the data from the wheel speed sensors on all four
wheels and calculates the turning radius based on this data.

Next Question

19 /20
N arratio n
Co u rse Sessio n File Pag e
Title
System s Technolog y
N am e
4W D (JTEKT)
N am e
19 N u m b er ‹# ›

Slid e Descrip tio n


4W D (JTEKT) Introduction Learning Evaluation Summary

Core Summary ㅣ
Test Your
Knowledge
1 2 3 4

2. W hich of the following statements about the JTECK 4W D system is incorrect?

① The 4WD ECU automatically adjusts


power distribution ratio when it detects wheel slippage.
② Under normal conditions, the vehicle drives like a 2WD vehicle.
③ If any fault occurs in the EMC coil, the system remains fixed in 4WD mode.
④ No indicator lamps turn on in AUTO mode.

Check Answer

Correct answer: ③
Explanation: The system remains fixed in 2WD mode if any fault occurs in the
EMC coil.

Next Question

19 /20
N arratio n
Co u rse Sessio n File Pag e
Title
System s Technolog y
N am e
4W D (JTEKT)
N am e
19 N u m b er ‹# ›

Slid e Descrip tio n


4W D (JTEKT) Introduction Learning Evaluation Summary

Core Summary ㅣ
Test Your
Knowledge
1 2 3 4

3. W hich of the following statements about the JTECK 4W D system is incorrect?


① The power transfer unit and rear differential use different types of oil.
② The multi-plate clutch activity changes depending on the magnetization of the EMC.
③ Under normal conditions, most of the driving power is transferred to the front wheels.
④ When the vehicle is turning, the amount of power corresponding to the turn radius
and vehicle speed is distributed to the rear wheels.

Check Answer

Correct answer: ①
Explanation: Both the power transfer unit and rear differential use SAE 75W-90,
which is a hypoid gear oil.

Next Question

19 /20
N arratio n
Co u rse Sessio n File Pag e
Title
System s Technolog y
N am e
4W D (JTEKT)
N am e
19 N u m b er ‹# ›

Slid e Descrip tio n


4W D (JTEKT) Introduction Learning Evaluation Summary

Core Summary ㅣ
Test Your
Knowledge
1 2 3 4

4. W hich of the following is NOT an output element in a 4W D system?

① The 4WD LOCK indicator lamp


② The 4WD warning lamp
③ The EMC coil
④ The ABS operation signal

Check Answer

Correct answer: ④
Explanation: The ABS operation signal is an input element.

Next Question

19 /20
N arratio n
Co u rse Sessio n File Pag e
Title
System s Technolog y
N am e
4W D (JTEKT)
N am e
9 N u m b er ‹# ›

Slid e Descrip tio n


4W D (JTEKT) Introduction Learning Evaluation Summary

Core Summary ㅣ
Test Your
Knowledge

Results

You got ** correct answer(s) out of three questions.

No. 1 No. 2 No. 3

O X X

Try Again

Click
19 /20
N arratio n
Co u rse Sessio n File Pag e
Title
System s Technolog y
N am e
4W D (JTEKT)
N am e
20 N u m b er ‹# ›

Slid e Descrip tio n


4W D (JTEKT) Introduction Learning Evaluation Summary

Thank you for


joining us for this
session.

Click
20 /20

Thank you for joining us for this session.


N arratio n