You are on page 1of 18

HEAP LEACHING FOR

GOLD ORE EXTRACTION

Nama : M Akbarul Muttaqin


NPM : 3334150054
Kelas : B
1
OUTLINE

ASPEK KINETIKA HEAP


01 PENDAHULUAN 04 LEACHING

HEAP LEACHING EMAS APLIKASI INDUSTRI


02 05

KELEBIHAN HEAP
03 LEACHING 06 KESIMPULAN
2
Pendahuluan
Warna : Kuning Mengkilat Paragenetic mode : Placer,
vein, river deposit, etc.


Sistem kristal : Isometrik

Group: Native Element

Impurities: Ag, Cu, Pd, Hg, Bi

Yannopoulos, J. C. 1991. The Extractive Metallurgy


https://www.mindat.org/min-1720.html of Gold. New York : Van Nostrand Reinhold.
3
Pendahuluan

Native Gold Auricupride (Cu3Au) Aurostibite (AuSb2) Maldonite (Au2Bi)

Jenis Bijih Emas: Bijih Emas lainnya:


1. Native Gold (>75% 1. Cuprian Gold
) 2. Bismuthian Gol
d
2. Electrum (45-75%)
3. Nickeloan Gold
3. Gold with sulfide 4. Platinian Gold
(<0,2) 5. Mercurian Gold
Electrum (Au,Ag) Calaverite (AuTe2) 4. Gold Telluride (40-
45%)
Marsden John O., House C. Iain. 2009. The Chemistry of
Gold Extraction. Colorado : SME Inc.
5. Bijih emas lainnya
4

Ada yang tahu apa itu


Heap Leaching???
Heap Leaching Emas 5

Marsden John O., House C. Iain. 2009. The Chemistry of Fig 1. Proses Ekstraksi emas
Gold Extr action. Colorado : SME Inc. secara general
Heap Leaching Emas 6

Fig 2. Opsi Proses ekstr


aksi Emas

Marsden John O., House C. Iain. 2009. The


Chemistry of Gold Extraction. Colorado : S
ME Inc.
7
Heap Leaching Emas

01 02
Heap Leaching 03 04 05 06

Dump Leaching

Vat Leaching
Insitu Leaching

Agitatation Leaching

Pressure Leaching
LEACHING

Kumar Gupta, Chiranjib. 2003. Chemical Metallurgy Principles and Practice. India.
8
Heap Leaching Emas
4Au+(s) + 8CN-(aq) + O2(g) + 2H2O(l) 4Au(CN)2-(aq)+ 4OH (g)
2Au (CN)2-(aq) + Zn (s) Zn (CN)4- (aq) + 2Au(s)
Easy to change colors, photos and Text. You
can simply impress your audience and add a
unique zing and appeal to your Presentations.
You can simply impress your audience and add a
unique zing and appeal to your Presentations.

You can simply impress your audience and add a


unique zing and appeal to your Presentations.

Text Here

Yannopoulos, J. C. 1991. The Extractive Metallurgy


of Gold. New York : Van Nostrand Reinhold.
9
Kelebihan Heap Leaching
Dibandingkan dengan Dump Leaching

Biaya modal yang relatif rendah


Waktu proses lebih cepat
untuk recovery bijih berkadar re
ndah

Meminimalkan masalah pembu. Lebih hemat energi. Heap leaching


angan limbah dapat dilakukan pada bijih -3/4 in

Membantu meminimalkan mas


alah erosi Recovery yang didapat lebih tinggi

Gupta, C,K,2003. Chemical Metallurgy. Principle and Practice. WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KgaA, India
Aspek Kinetika Heap Leaching 10

https://www.911metallurgist.com/heap-leaching-gold-silver-ores/
Aspek Kinetika Heap Leaching 11

https://www.911metallurgist.com/heap-leaching-gold-silver-ores/
12
Aplikasi Industri

Newmont Mining Corporation


Produksi Per tahun:
Negara: Mengolah : Bijih Em Proses: Mining, Re
944.000 ons (data tahun
US, Nevada as, Perak, tembaga covery, Refining 2016
https://www.mining-technology.com/projects/carlin/
13
Aplikasi Industri

Refractory Ore
ROM Higher Grade
Oxide Mills CIL
Ore cyanidation
(ROM)

Refining Smelting Electrowinning

Lower Grade Heap Leaching


Ore (ROM)
Crushing CIL

NEWMONT MINING CORP /DE/ FORM 10-K (Annual Report)


14

Kesimpulan
01 Leaching adalah proses pelarutan selektif dengan
menggunakan leaching agents untuk melarutkan
mineral berharga dari padatannya.

Leaching teknik dibagi 6, yaitu Heap Leaching,


02 Vat Leaching, Insitu Leaching, Agitation Leaching,
Pressure Leaching, Dump Leaching

03 Heap leaching merupakan proses pelindian pada


tumpukan bijih berkadar rendah dimana bagian
bawahnya di beri lapisan kedap air.

04 Aplikasi industri pada Newmont Mining


Corporation
Referensi 15

1. https://www.911metallurgist.com/heap-leaching-gold-silver-ores/
2. https://www.mindat.org/min-1720.html
3. Habashi, F., 1970. Principle of Extractive Metallurgy Vol III Hydrom
etallurgy. New York. Wiley-VCH
4. Marsden John O., House C. Iain. 2009. The Chemistry of Gold Extr
action. Colorado : SME Inc.
5. Kumar Gupta, Chiranjib. 2003. Chemical Metallurgy Principles
and Practice. India.
6. Yannopoulos, J. C. 1991. The Extractive Metallurgy of Gold. New Y
ork : Van Nostrand Reinhold.
7. https://www.mining-technology.com/projects/carlin/
8. https://www.newmont.com/operations-and-projects/north-america/nev
ada-us/overview/default.aspx
9. NEWMONT MINING CORP /DE/ FORM 10-K (Annual Report),
2014
Jawaban Pertanyaan 15

1. Emas banyak ditemukan dimana, dan type depo


sit emas?
Jawab: ada 10 klasifikasi deposit emas
a) Auriferous porphyry dykes, sills, and stocks
b) Carbonatites and carbonated-related deposit
c) Auriferous skarn and gold skarn type deposit
d) Gold/Silver and vise-versa veins, lodes, mineral
ized pipes and irregular silicified deposits
e) Auriferous veins, lodes, sheeted zones, saddle r
eefs in fault and fracture
f) Gold/Silver and vise-versa veins, lodes, stockw
orks, and silicified zones in a complex geologic
al environtment with sedimentary, volcanic.
g) Eluvial and Alluvial placer
h) Disseminated and stockrock gold/silver deposits
in igneous, volcanic and sedimentary rocks.
i) Various other gold Resource.
That’s All & Thank you