You are on page 1of 37

Module 1

Enhancing the Self


1. What kind of role in life...
a. interests you most?
b. helps put you in a happy mood?
c. do you prefer/enjoy doing? you like
best?
2. What are your talents or things you
can do well?
Give the reasons for your choices.
C
(from As You Like It ) by William Shakespeare

All the world’s a stage,


And all the men and women merely players;
They have their exits and entrances,
And one man in his time plays many parts
His acts being seven ages. At first the infant,

Mewling and puking in the nurse’s arms;

And then the whining school boy, with his satchel

And shining morning face, creeping like a snail

Unwillingly to school. And then the lover,


Sighing like furnace, with a woeful ballad

Made to his mistress’ eyebrow. Then a soldier

Full of strange oaths, and bearded like the pard,

Jealous in honor, sudden and quick in quarrel,

Seeking the bubble reputation


Even in the cannon’s mouth. And then the justice,

In fair round belly with good capon lined,

With eyes severe and beard of formal cut,

Full of wise saws and modern instances;

And so he plays his part. The sixth age shifts


Into the lean and slippered pantaloon,

With spectacles on nose and pouch on side;

His youthful hose well saved, a world too wide

For his shrunk shank; and his big manly voice,

Turning again toward childish treble, pipes


And whistles in his sound. Last scene of all,

That ends this strange eventful history,

Is second childishness and mere oblivion,

Sans teeth, sans eyes, sans taste, sans everything.


Is there a part of the
poem which reminds you
of someone in real life?
What kind of roles in life
are conveyed in the poem?
Is the message of the
poem worthwhile? Prove
your point.
How important is the
poem’s message in your
life?
Do you agree with the persona’s
description of the last age of man in
the last two lines of the poem?
Why?
Do you agree when he says that
the last stage is “second childhood
without everything?” Prove your
point.
Remember that there are many ways of
expressing agreement or disagreement. There are
special words/expressions that clearly indicate
the intention and their appropriateness to the
C

situation. These words/ expressions can be formal


or informal but the situation dictates their
specific functions.
Of course, I agree with the
persona’s description of the last age
of man.

No, seriously, I believe otherwise.


Agreement or Disagreement?
1. Angelo: You’re the only person who knows what really happened.
Malee: That’s not quite true. Sam was there, too.
2. May: Hey, that’s right. I remember he solved the problem for us.
Joe: That’s good to know. We’ll give him a call.
3. Erick: We can play the game now.
Andrei: Okay, but I’m not good at it.
4. Bam: That’s what they say!
Rom: No, seriously. I don’t play very well at all.
5. Connie: Do come. Can you stay for lunch?
Vangie: I’m afraid not. We have to go somewhere .
7. Milette: There’s something I have to tell you.
Mila: Can’t it wait?
Milette: Not really. It’s pretty important.
8. Lucille: Should I memorize it all?
Annie: No, just listen carefully.
9. Sonny: Okay, I guess I’m ready.
Leif: Good. Now, concentrate.
On Using
Capitalization and
Punctuation Marks
A Short History of Punctuation
by Polly M. Robertus
EARLYGREEKSHAD HARDLYANYPUNCTUATION
FONOITCERIDEHTDEGNAHCNEVEDNA*
THEIRWRITINGATTHEENDOFEACHLINELATER
GNITIRWFOYAWAOTDEGNAHCYEHT*
THATFAVOREDRIGHTHANDEDPEOPLEANDSHOWED
WHEREANEWPARAGRAPHBEGANBYUNDERLINING
THEFIRSTLINEOFITLATERTHEGREEKPLAYWRIGHT
ARISTOPHANES . INVERTEDMARKSTOSHOW . WHERE
THEREADERSSHOULDTAKEBREATH:
THE . ROMANS . MADE . WRITING . MUCH . EASIER .
TO . READ . BY . PUTTING . DOTS . BETWEEN . WORDS .
AND . BY . MOVING . THE . FIRST . LETTER . OF. A .
PARAGRAPH . INTO . THE . LEFT . MARGIN: THEY .
ADAPTED . SOME . OF . THE . GREEK . MARKS . SUCH . AS .
THE . COLON . MARK . TO . INDICATE . PHRASE . ENDINGS:
INTHEEARLYMIDDLEAGESTHISSYSTEMOFPUNCTUATION
BROKEDOWNBECAUSEVERYFEWPEOPLECOULDREAD
ANDWRITE BUTWRITERSKEPTASPACEATTHEENDOF
ASENTENCEANDCONTINUEDTOMARKPARAGRAPHS
EVENTUALLY WORDS WERESEPARATED AGAIN AND
NEW SENTENCES BEGAN WITH A LARGER LETTER

*Hint: Try reading from right to left.


General Rules for Capitalization
Capitalize all of the following:
Proper nouns (names of people, places, and
things)
Don Hudson, Hunan Restaurant, Eiffel Tower

Names of cities, states, provinces, and countries


Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
 Names of specific oceans, rivers, mountains, lakes, etc.
Pacific Ocean, Santa Fe River, Pyrenees Mountains, lake
Ontario

 Brand names
Ford, Kleenex tissues, Sunbeam toaster

the pronoun I

Days of the week, months, specific courses in school


Friday, March, Anthropology 2022
 All important words of a title (books, plays, songs,
magazines, and newspapers)
Capitalize a, an, the only if they are first word of title, and
prepositions of five or more letters; don't underline the in
newspaper titles
Call of the Wild, The Glass Menagerie, "You Are My Sunshine,"
The Washington Post

 The first word of a quotation and the first word of a


sentence
James said, "Nobody will ever believe you."
 Names of nationalities, languages, and races
Many Eskimos live in Alaska. Anita is Greek, but she also speaks
Russian.

North, south, east, west ONLY if it indicates a geographical


region and NOT a direction; usually preceded by THE
Nancy loves the climate of the Northwest. The Civic Center lies
south of town.

 Names of holidays
Easter, Memorial Day, Halloween, Thanksgiving
 With abbreviations, titles, streets
I have an appointment with Dr. Lindsay today.
Manuel lives at 5120 Clover Rd.

 Specific historical documents, political


organizations
The Constitution is the basis of our legal system.
DO NOT CAPITALIZE
Do not capitalize the following:
 seasons unless they are part of a title
I like summer best of all. The Long Hot Summer was a
great movie.
 general areas of study except languages
mathematics, history, geography
 when personal titles are NOT followed by a name
aunt, uncle, doctor, professor
 school, college, or university unless it is
accompanied by a proper name
Exercise: Tell the words in the following
sentences that must be capitalized
1. the palm gardens is a lovely new restaurant in seattle.
2. myra and her family are spending the summer at lake
minerva.
3. my mother refuses to buy anything but kleenex tissues.
4. the iroquois indians occupied most of new york state
and parts of canada in 1700.
5. this year spring weather arrived in early april.
6. our english literature class is reading paradise lost by
john milton.
7. sam goes to lakeland high school which is located on
clover boulevard.
8. many skiers spent the christmas holidays in aspen,
colorado.
9. sunbathers love to get a tan at the beach in the
summer.
10. jeff went to visit his aunt bess who lives near the
pocono mountains.
QUIZ
1/2 Crosswise
11. quincy is going to college in september, and he
plans to study sociology.
12. mike and maria took the baby on their vacation to
the northwest.
13. the food at maxim's restaurant is the best in the
downtown area.
14. the new york times is a very famous international
newspaper.
15. a tropical storm is developing in the caribbean sea
area.
16. my friends, jennifer and carl, left for the
smoky mountains for their vacation.
17. are you taking calculus 2101 this semester?
18. how far is it from tallahassee to gainesville?
19. our history class is reading caesar's gallic wars.
20. when will aunt harriet and uncle tony arrive?