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Uta Kletzing | EAF
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l Representation of women in management positions


l Influential factors on female management representation
l Political gender equality agenda
l EAF gender equality agenda
l Questions & discussion
   

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l University entrance qualification: 54% women


l University degree: 49% women
   

l Social Work: 78% women


l Economics: 40% women
l Computer Science: 18% women
l Engineering: 16% women
l Electrotechnology: 9% women

Sources: Destatis 2006/2007




 

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l 
  4 ·2% female parliamentarians
lGerman    factions (exemplarily):
lChristian Democrats / Christian Social Union: 20% women
lAlliance 90 / The Greens: 57% women

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l·6% female ministers
l 0% (!) female state secretaries


 

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l  4 15% female managers
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l 12% female managers; out of which 8% female  2managers
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l 17% female managers; out of which 12% female  2managers



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loverall: 14% women
l 2professors: 10% women
Sources: Hoppenstedt 2007; iwd 2007


 
       

    l proportion of female employees


l industrial branch
l number of employees
l HR support measures for (potential) managers
l number of female applicants
  

 l perceived necessity of women managers for business
  success
l gender stereotypical ascription of competencies
l gender stereotypical ascription of position level
l sex of decision2maker
Source: MGFFI 2007
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l Having children hinders a (management) career.


lonly 44% of mothers of children under five employed

l And a (management) career hinders having children.


l59% of women in leadership positions with children
l·7% of women and men without children due to incompatibility of work
and life

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l 41% of ·5240 year old men with a university degree without children

Sources: Bertelsmann Stiftung 2007, Bischoff 2005, Institut für Allensbach 2004/2005, BMFSFJ 2002
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lÄNew men³
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lFamily2friendly employer policies
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lCare2infrastructure, care2time and financial support
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lMigrant (gender) equality


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lGender Mainstreaming vs. HR policies
lGender policies vs. family policies vs. Managing Diversity
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lRegulation vs. ³Voluntary agreement´


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l non2governmental, non2partisan, non2profit organization

l promotion of women in management positions and of a mother2,


father2 and children2friendly society

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l empowerment programs for women at different career stages

l applied research on gender equality and work2life2balance

l consulting services for private and public organisations on gender


equality and work2life2balance
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l Eliminating gender roles


l Changing public and private employers
l Making (management) work compatible with life
l Empowering (potential) women managers

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Uta Kletzing | EAF
www.eaf2berlin.de
kletzing@eaf2berlin.de