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REPORT

ON
ACRONYM FOR GREEN RATING FOR INTEGRATED HABITAT ASSESSMENT

BY:
JYOTI AHLAWAT
SAJIDA SHAH
TSERING
MADHUR
AASTHA
AMAN SINGH
GREEN BUILDING RATING SYSTEM IN INDIA :

There are currently two rating system being used:


• LEED (Leadership in energy and environmental design)
• GRIHA (Green Rating for Integrated Habitat Assessment).

GRIHA – GREEN RATING FOR INTEGRATED HABITAT ASSESSMENT


• GRIHA is developed by TERI (The energy and resources Institute) for the ministry of new and Renewable
energy. This is the indigenous national rating system developed by the ministry to cover the climatic
variations, architectural practices, existing practices of construction and attempting to revive the passive
architecture.

• GRIHA rating system takes into account the provisions of the National Building Codes 2005 , The energy
conservation Building Code 2007 announced by BEE and other IS codes.

• The rating system based on accepted energy and environmental principles, seeks to strike a balance
between the established practices and emerging concepts, both national and international .

• GRIHA MEANING:GRIHA is a Sanskrit word meaning ‘Abode’. GRIHA promotes passive techniques to
reduce energy cost while keeping the optimum thermal comfort inside the build environment.

• WHAT DOES GRIHA DO ?


 They encourage non energy demanding air conditioning systems and the solar heating systems. Passive
cooling and heating can be replicated for the masses and can reduce the energy load of the country.

 GRIHA is also focusing on the growing residential sector by providing simple, affordable and versatile
approach to the citizens through their website, which is instrumental in creating awareness among
citizens as well as giving them an alternative viewpoint.
 GRIHA is also focusing on promoting energy efficiency in existing buildings in urban areas which
will in return reduce energy demand.

SETTING UP OF GREEN BUILDING RATING (GRIHA)


VARIANTS OF GRIHA :
• SVAGRIHA FOR BUILDING AREA - 100 – 2499 sqm.
• GRIHA FOR BUILDING AREA - 2500 – 1,50,000 sqm.
• GRIHA LD FOR BUILDING AREA - > 50 hectare site area

GRIHA RATING SYSTEM:


• Point system with differential weight age on various Criteria
50-60
61-70
71-80
81-90
91-100
KEY POINTS ABOUT GRIHA:
• Sets out guidelines for design, construction and operation.

•Combination of qualitative and quantitative criteria.

•Sets performances benchmarks for key resources like, energy and water.

•Facilitates integration of traditional knowledge on architecture with present day technology.

•Integrates all relevant Indian codes and standards(e.g National building code 2005, Energy Conservation
Building Code 2007, IS codes).

•Is in complete alignment with government policies and programs (e.g Environmental clearance by the
MoEF).
CRITERIA OF RATING :
NO. CRITERION POINTS
1 Site selection 1
2 Preserve and protect landscape during construction 5

3 Soil conservation (till post-construction) 2

4 Design to include existing site features 4 SITE PLANNING

5 Reduce hard paving on-site and/or provide shaded 2


hard-paved surfaces

6 Enhance outdoor lighting system efficiency and 3


use renewable energy system for meeting outdoor
lighting requirements

7 Plan utilities efficiently and optimize on-site 3


circulation efficiency HEALTH AND
WELL BEING
8 Provide minimum level of sanitation/safety facilities for 2
construction workers

9 Reduce air pollution during construction 2


NO. CRITERION POINTS

10 Reduce landscape water requirement 3

11 Reduce water use in the building 2


12 Efficient water use during construction 1

13 Optimize building design to reduce conventional 8


energy demand

14 Optimize energy performance of building within 16


specified comfort limits BUILDING
PLANNING AND
15 Utilization of fly-ash in building structure 6 CONSTRU-
CTION
16 Reduce volume, weight, and construction time by 4
STAGE
adopting efficient technologies (such as pre-cast systems)

17 Use low-energy material in interiors 4

18 Renewable energy utilization 5


19 Renewable-energy-based hot water system 3
RECYCLE
20 Waste water treatment 2
,RECHARGE
21 Water recycle and reuse (including rainwater) 5 &REUSE
NO. CRITERION POINTS

22 Reduction in waste during construction 1


WASTE
23 Efficient waste segregation 1 MANAGEME
NT
24 Storage and disposal of wastes 1
25 Resource recovery from waste 2
26 Use low-VOC paints/adhesives/sealants 3

27 Minimize ozone depleting substances 1

28 Ensure water quality 2 HEALTH


29 Acceptable outdoor and indoor noise levels 2 &WELL
BEING
30 Tobacco smoke control 1
31 Provide at least the minimum level of accessibility 1
for persons with disabilities

32 Energy audit and validation MANDA


T ORY
33 Operation and maintenance 2
34 Innovation points 4
HOW TO DESIGN A GREEN BUILDING?

1.By adopting the integrated design approach such that the client, architect, engineers, and consultants
design the building in a coordinated manner with a common goal – sustainability.

2.By following regional development plans (such as the UDPFI guidelines, master plans) and local building
by-laws

3. By following India’s national codes and standards

4. By optimizing site conditions (trees, water bodies, wind-flow, orientation, etc.) and harnessing them to
cater to the thermal / visual comfort requirements of the building

5. By adopting sound architectural practices and taking examples from India’s traditional architecture

6.By adopting locally available construction materials and giving impetus to local arts, crafts, architecture
and artisans

7. By designing precisely-sized energy systems and not basing them on broad thumb-rules

8.By reducing the resource consumption of the building and its inhabitants so that the waste generating
there-from is reduced

9. By adopting energy efficient technologies (EETs) and equipment.

10.By adopting renewable energy technology (RETs) applications to reduce the demand on conventional
energy