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GEOTHERMAL IN INDONESIA

(OVER VIEW)

Sigit Rahardjo

Operation Director
PT PERTAMINA GEOTHERMAL ENERGY

Jogjakarta , Mei 2013

GEOTHERMAL ENERGY
CHARACTERISTIC OF GEOTHERMAL BUSINESS

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GEOTHERMAL ENERGY
INDONESIA HAS THE HIGHEST POTENTIAL FOR GEOTHERMAL
ENERGY IN THE WORLD
Conventional geothermal 2010 capacity and Resource
total potential capacity Utilization
GW %

Indonesia 1 • 27 • 28 4
• In spite of its world’s
U.S. 3 • 20 • 23 13 largest potential of
geothermal resource,
Japan 1 • 19 • 20 3 the utilization only
remains 4%
Others1 2 • 18 • 20 10
• Geothermal resource
Philippines 2 • 4 • 6 33 in Indonesia is also
high temperature
Mexico 1 • 5 • 6 20 resource which
enable more
Iceland 1 • 5 • 6 10 economical
geothermal
1•
New Zealand 3• 4 16 development project

Total 11 102 • 113 10 • Installed


• Potential
1 Includes mostly South/South-East Asia and Africa
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SOURCE: GEA; DOE; EER; World Geothermal Congress; Energy Information Administration (EIA); interviews GEOTHERMAL ENERGY
INDONESIA’S WORLD LEADING GEOTHERMAL PROSPECT
Speculative : 27.141 MW
Borneo Probable : 10.253 MW
Speculative : 45 MWe
Sumatera Probable * : - MWe Current Installed Capacity : 1,337 MW
Speculative : 13.258 MWe
Sulawesi Maluku
Probable * : 5.433 MWe
Speculative : 734 MWe
Speculative : 1.907 MWe
Probable * : 142 MWe
Medan
Probable * : 721 MWe

Manado

Tanjung Karang

Semarang
Bandung

Java Papua
Speculative : 9.471 MWe Speculative : 50 MWe
Probable * : 3.086 MWe Bali & NTT MAGMA
Probable * : - MWe
Geothermal location
Speculative : 1.676 MWe
Probable * : 871 MWe
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GEOTHERMAL ENERGY
GEOTHERMAL ROAD MAP
(Based on President Decree No. 5/2006 on National Energy Policy; Modified by MEMR.REG. No. 15/2010)

2006 2008 2012 2016 2020 2025


2014

852 MW 2000 MW 3442 MW 5171 MW 7788 MW 12332 MW


(Target baru )
(Production)
4600 MW * 9500 MW *

1148 MW 1442 MW 3977 MW 2617 MW 4544 MW


Existing WKP Existing WKP Existing WKP + New WKP New WKP
New WKP

1.337 MW
Current Condition 5171 MW
Plus The second 10,000
MW fast track program
Ministry decree MEMR
No. 15/2010

Under the second 10,000 MW fast-track plan, 34% of energy


development come from geothermal energy.
(GSDM, 2010, Update Jan 2013) *) Road Map 2007

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GEOTHERMAL ENERGY
PERTAMINA AIMS TO BE A LEADER IN GEOTHERMAL
DEVELOPMENT
Geothermal development by operator type
Capacity Share of SOE
1
GW SOE Private %

Indonesia 0.9 1.3 23


0.4

Philippines 0.8 2.0 61


1.2

Mexico 0 1.2 100


1.2

Iceland 0.1 0.6 84


0.5

New Zealand 0.7 54


0.4 0.3

State-owned Enterprise energy companies developed more than 50%


of geothermal energy in respective markets
1 State Owned Enterprise

• SOURCE: company websites 5 GEOTHERMAL ENERGY


PGE’s WORKING AREA
TOTAL PGE’S INSTALLED CAPACITY: 402 MW

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13
2

3
4
5
6

Ref. Ministerial Decree MEMR 7


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No 2067K/30/MEM/2012 8 10
11
12

1. Sibayak-Sinabung 6. Gunung Waypanas


2. Sibual-buali 11. Gn. Iyang Argopuro
7. Cibeureum Parabakti
3. Sungai Penuh 12. Tabanan
8. Pangalengan
4. Hululais 13. Kotamobago
9. Kamojang/Drajat
5. Lumut Balai & 14. Lahendong
10. Karaha Cakrabuana
Margabayur

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GEOTHERMAL ENERGY
GEOTHERMAL DEVELOPMENT CONCEPT

TO SUPPORT ACCELERATION OF GEOTHERMAL DEVELOPMENT


IN LINE WITH 10,000 MW POLICY STAGE II –
EBTKE’S VISION 25/25 (5 % ENERGY MIX / 12.332 MW - 2025)

GEOTHERMAL ENERGY DEVELOPMENT POLICY


(PRES DECREE No. 5 / 2006; GOV’T REGULATION No. 3/2005 – No. 70/2010 : PERMEN ESDM. No. 5 / 2009; No. 2/2011;
PERPRES No. 4/2010 : PERPRES No. 10/2011)

LAW, REGULATION, PERMIT

PROJECT MANAGEMENT,
ECONOMIC APPROACH
BUSINESS PORTFOLIO
GGGR, OPERATIONAL,

RISK ASSESSMENT,
TECHNICAL ASPECT

IMPLEMENTATION
LEGAL ASPECTS
MAINTENANCE

ENV MGT
1000 MW :
42.250 BOEPD
6.1 JT TON CER”S/YEAR

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GEOTHERMAL ENERGY
IDEAL GEOTHERMAL BUSINESS PROCESS IN INDONESIA
COD
PRICE AND CONTRACT
HEAD OF AGREEMENT US$
NEGOTIATION

Notice Of Intend to
Notice Of Resorces Confirmation
Develop

• AMDAL / UKL / UPL


(EIA/Environment Management
Effort/Environment Monitoring
Effort)
• Location Permit
• Permit of Land usage for EPC
Exploration Activities – Forestry
Minister
• SIPPA (Surface Water Usage
Permit) FEED
• IMB (Construction Permit)

EXPLOITATION

• AMDAL (EIA)
• Location Permit
• Land Usage Permit
• SIPPA (Surface Water Usage
EXPLORATION Permit)
• IMB (Construction Permit)

INVENTORY WKP 2 Years 3 Years

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GEOTHERMAL ENERGY
Pertamina aspires to achieve by 2015

•MW
2,295 2,445 2,505
2,090
1,508
•Steam
Availability 823
610

•2012 •13 •14 •15 •16 •17 •2018

•K Boepd
112 119 122
102
•Oil 73
equivalent 40
30

•2012 •2013 •2014 •2015 •2016 •2017 •2018

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KEY BARRIERS TO GEOTHERMAL DEVELOPMENT IN INDONESIA

Description
• Higher capital expenditure compared with other power
generation technologies
High upfront • Cost of USD 35-50 Mn for preliminary studies including
capital exploration wells to prove the reserves without any
Uncertain requirement external financing All these together
economics • Development and exploration costs are solely borne mean that under
by geothermal company and are not reimbursed by
government unlike the practice in oil & gas industry
the current
• Implementation of MEMR Decree on Feed In Tariff environment,
Uncertainty
requires further negotiation with PLN as a single buyer geothermal
on pricing
development
• Most of the geothermal reserves are located in projects are
protected forests and geothermal activities are not potentially high
allowed to carry out in forest conservation areas risk, especially for
Regulatory • Overlapping jurisdictions increases lead time and
Uncertain smaller operators
uncertainty complexity as local authorities often block the projects
environ- approved by the central government
ment • Tariff agreement with PLN often comes back for the
renegotiation, hence no guarantee on the price

Other risks • PLN off take is not guaranteed by government


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GEOTHERMAL ENERGY
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PGE PRODUCTION FIELD - OWN OPERATION

POWER PLANT UNIT – 4 ( 60 MW ) POWER PLANT UNIT 1,2 & 3


(30; 2 x 55 MW)

KAMOJANG GEOTHERMAL FIELDS SIBAYAK GEOTHERMAL FIELD

POWER PLANT UNIT-1 PRODUCTION


CLUSTER UNIT-2
POWER PLANT UNIT-4

LAHENDONG GEOTHERMAL FIELDS

GEOTHERMAL ENERGY
PGE GEOTHERMAL FIELDS UNDER JOC SCHEME

WAYANG-WINDU GEOTHERMAL FIELDS (JOC-STAR ENERGY)


PLTP 1x110 MW & 1x117 MW

DARAJAT GEOTHERMAL FIELD (JOC-CHEVRON) SALAK GEOTHERMAL FIELD (JOC-CHEVRON)


PLTP 1x55 MW, 1x95 MW & 1x121 MW PLTP 3x60 MW & 3x65 MW
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GEOTHERMAL ENERGY
PGE’S GEOTHERMAL ONGOING PROJECTS
No Project Name Location Capacity (MW) Project Type

1 Lumutbalai Unit 1&2, Sumatera Selatan 2 x 55 MW Total Project

2 Lumutbalai Unit 3&4, Sumatera Selatan 2 x 55 MW Total Project

3 Ulubelu Unit 3&4, Lampung 2 x 55 MW Total Project

4 Kamojang Unit 5 Jawa Barat 30 MW Total Project

5 Lahendong Unit 5&6 Sulawesi Utara 2x20 MW Total Project

6 Kotamobagu Unit 1&2 Sulawesi Utara 2 x 20 MW Steam Supply


7 Hululais Unit 1&2 Bengkulu 2 x 55 MW Steam Supply

8 Sungai Penuh Unit 1 Jambi 55 MW Steam Supply

9 Karaha Jawa Barat 30 MW Total Project

GEOTHERMAL ENERGY
UPCOMING GREENFIELDS DEVELOPMENT PLAN

Kotamobagu
Ins. Capacity
Name of Prospect Area
(MW) Medan

Sumatera Island
Manado

1 WKP Sungai Penuh Sinabung


1. Semurup 40
Sumurup
2 WKP Hululais – Tambang
Sawah
Tambang Sawah
Bukit Daun
1.Tambang Sawah 70
2.Bukit Daun 110 Margabayur Tanjung Karang

Way Panas Bandung


Semarang

3 WKP Lumut Balai MAGMA


Ciharus
1. Margabayur 75
WKP Ulubelu – Way Panas
Masigit-Guntur
4
1. Way Panas 120
Iyang Argopuro
Java Island

5 WKP Kamojang Key Indicators:


1.G. Masigit Guntur
2.Ciharus
50
30 • New Geothermal Power Generation
6 WKP Iyang Argopuro
1. Iyang Argopuro 55
Capacity : ± 610 MW
Sulawesi Island
• Additional Power Generation (kWh per
year) : ± 4800 million
7 WKP Kotamobago 60
1. Kotamobago • Avoided CO2 : ± 4,5 million tonnes per
Year
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GEOTHERMAL ENERGY
THANK YOU

Bekerja dan ibadah


adalah energi kami
Semoga semua upaya
menghasilkan manfaat
Insya Allah!

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GEOTHERMAL ENERGY