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Objectives :

THE CELL
• Learn the parts of the : Parts and functions
cell and their functions
• Learn the two types of
Cells
What is a
cell?
The basic
unit of life
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Two Types
of Cells
There are two types of
cells they are known
as :
Eukaryote Cell Prokaryote Cell

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Parts of the
Cell Plasma
Membrane
Channels Nucleus
/pores
The Different parts of
the cells and their
corresponding
functions : Endoplasmic Ribosomes Golgi
reticulum complex 4
Plasma
Membrane
A flexible yet sturdy
barrier that surrounds
and contains the
cytoplasm of a cell.

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Parts of the
Cell Plasma
Membrane
Channels Nucleus
/pores
The Different parts of
the cells and their
corresponding
functions : Endoplasmic Ribosomes Golgi
reticulum complex 6
Channels
Passageways of
substances

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Parts of the
Cell Plasma
Membrane
Channels Nucleus
/pores
The Different parts of
the cells and their
corresponding
functions : Endoplasmic Ribosomes Golgi
reticulum complex 8
Nucleus
Contains the genetic
material of the cell
and the nucleoli
Known as the genetic
factory of the cell
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Parts of the
Cell Plasma
Membrane
Channels Nucleus
/pores
The Different parts of
the cells and their
corresponding
functions : Endoplasmic Ribosomes Golgi
reticulum complex 10
Endoplasmic
reticulum (rough
& smooth)
Smooth: Site of Lipid
synthesis
Rough: Has Many
ribosomes attached:
Site of Protein
synthesis
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Parts of the
Cell Plasma
Membrane
Channels Nucleus
/pores
The Different parts of
the cells and their
corresponding
functions : Endoplasmic Ribosomes Golgi
reticulum complex 12
Ribosomes
Site of protein
synthesis

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Parts of the
Cell Plasma
Membrane
Channels Nucleus
/pores
The Different parts of
the cells and their
corresponding
functions : Endoplasmic Ribosomes Golgi
reticulum complex 14
Golgi
Complex
Modifies protein
structure and
packages proteins in
secretory vesicles

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Parts of the
Cell Mitochondr
ion
Vesicles Cytoplasm

The Different parts of


the cells and their
corresponding
functions : Cell wall and Peroxisomes Centrioles
Plasmodesmata
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Mitochondrion
Site of aerobic
respiration and the
major site of ATP
synthesis

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Parts of the
Cell Mitochondr
ion
Vesicles Cytoplasm

The Different parts of


the cells and their
corresponding
functions : Cell wall and Peroxisomes Centrioles
Plasmodesmata
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Vesicles
An organelle use in
Endocytosis and
Exocytosis.
Endocytosis – uptake of
material through the cell
membrane
Exocytosis –vesicles
move to the cell
membrane and release
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waste
Parts of the
Cell Mitochondr
ion
Vesicles Cytoplasm

The Different parts of


the cells and their
corresponding
functions : Cell wall and Peroxisomes Centrioles
Plasmodesmata
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Cytoplasm
The living material
surrounding the cell’s
genetic material

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Parts of the
Cell Mitochondr
ion
Vesicles Cytoplasm

The Different parts of


the cells and their
corresponding
functions : Cell wall and Peroxisomes Centrioles
Plasmodesmata
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Cell Wall and
Plasmodesma
ta
The same function as
the cell membrane
but provides more
protection.

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Parts of the
Cell Mitochondr
ion
Vesicles Cytoplasm

The Different parts of


the cells and their
corresponding
functions : Cell wall and Peroxisomes Centrioles
Plasmodesmata
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Peroxisomes

Breaks down fatty


acids, amino acids,
and hydrogen
peroxide

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Parts of the
Cell Mitochondr
ion
Vesicles Cytoplasm

The Different parts of


the cells and their
corresponding
functions : Cell wall and Peroxisomes Centrioles
Plasmodesmata
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Centrioles

Facilitate the
movement of
chromosomes during
cell division

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Parts of the
Cell
The Different parts of
the cells and their
corresponding
functions : Lysosomes Cytoskeleton

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Lysosomes
Contains enzymes
that digest material
taken into the cell

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Parts of the
Cell
The Different parts of
the cells and their
corresponding
functions : Lysosomes Cytoskeleton

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Cytoskeleton
Supports Cytoplasm;
assists in cell division
and forms
components of cilia
and flagella
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Parts of the
Cell Chloroplast Vacuole
Specialized functions
only found on the
plant cell and the
prokaryote cell
Cell Wall Flagellum
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Chloroplast
Responsible for
trapping the light
energy from the
sun.

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Parts of the
Cell Chloroplast Vacuole
Specialized functions
only found on the
plant cell and the
prokaryote cell
Cell Wall Flagellum
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Vacuole

The Vacuole contains


large amounts of
water and stores
important materials
such as sugars, ions
and pigments.
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Parts of the
Cell Chloroplast Vacuole
Specialized functions
only found on the
plant cell and the
prokaryote cell
Cell Wall Flagellum
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Flagellum
Used for locomotion

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Parts of the
Cell Chloroplast Vacuole
Specialized functions
only found on the
plant cell and the
prokaryote cell
Cell Wall Flagellum
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Cell Wall
The same function as
the cell membrane
but provides more
protection.

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References :
SparkNotes Editors. (n.d.). SparkNote on Cell Differences.
Retrieved August 3, 2018, from
http://www.sparknotes.com/biology/cellstructure/celldifferences/
Parts of the Cell. (2009, September 27). Retrieved August 6, 2018,
from https://askabiologist.asu.edu/cell-parts#golgi
Socratic.org. (2018). What do animal and plant cells have in
common? Retrieved August 6, 2018, from
https://socratic.org/questions/5a039965b72cff403fc6da

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