1 views

Uploaded by Adnan Ashraf

Power Point Presentation of Exponential and Logarithmic Function

- Notes 1
- Fundamental of Mathematics - Long Practice Sheet
- VadaszpaperRev2
- 2nd Quarter Gen Math
- Logerithms
- 1RJanDegree
- 47 2 Math Explrns
- JUNE 2008 MS
- Ex Smooth
- algebra review- sheet
- Derivatives of Exponential and Logarithm Functions
- n_R
- Elmer
- IOTA Whitepaper
- algebra cheat sheet
- Rosin Ramml Er Regression
- Inverse Functions
- tcu11_01_04
- Log LineariIzation
- Level+2+Maths (1)

You are on page 1of 10

functions

Topic 1: Exponential and logarithmic functions

• Exponential functions

• Definition, properties, graph

• Compound interest

• Logarithmic functions

• Definition, properties, graph

• Exponential and logarithmic equations

3

Introductory example

An amount of 1000 EUR is invested in a savings account yielding 3%

of compound interest each year.

Express the amount 𝐴 in the account in terms of the time 𝑡 (in years,

starting from the time of investment). 𝐴 = 1000 ∙ 1.03𝑡

When will the amount in the savings account be equal to 1500 euro?

Find 𝑡 such that 𝐴 = 1500.

1000 1.03 1500

t

1.03 1.5

t (divide by 1000 on both sides)

equation: unknown

is in the exponent t log1.03 log1.5 (apply log 𝑎𝑟 = 𝑟 log 𝑎 )

log1.5

t 13.7...

Answer: After about 13.7 years, log1.03

the amount is equal to 1500 euro.

4

Exponential equations

• An exponential equation is an equation in which the

unknown appears at least once in the exponent.

• To solve an exponential equation of the form 𝑎 ∙ 𝑏 𝑥 = 𝑐

(where 𝑎, 𝑏 and 𝑐 are positive numbers):

𝑐

o divide both sides by 𝑎: 𝑏 𝑥 =

𝑎

𝑐

o take the logarithm of both sides: log(𝑏 𝑥 ) = log

𝑎

𝑐

o apply rule for logarithm of a power: 𝑥 ∙ log 𝑏 = log

𝑎

𝑐

log 𝑎

o divide both sides by log 𝑏 : 𝑥 =

log 𝑏

1.05𝑥 = 2.

5

Introductory example

Ann invests an amount of 1000 EUR in a savings account yielding 3% of

compound interest each year. John invests 900 EUR in a savings account

yielding 3.5% of compound interest each year.

When will they have the same amount in their savings account?

𝐴 = 1000 ∙ 1.03𝑡 𝐽 = 900 ∙ 1.035𝑡 Find 𝑡 such that 𝐴 = 𝐽.

t

t t 1.03

log log 0.9

1.03t 900 1.035

1.03

t

1.035 1000 t log log 0.9

t 1.035

1.03

0.9

log 0.9

t 21.7...

1.035 1.03

log

Answer: It takes nearly 22 years before 1.035

the two amounts are equal.

6

Exponential equations

• An exponential equation is an equation in which the

unknown appears at least once in the exponent.

• To solve an exponential equation of the form 𝑎1 ∙ 𝑏1𝑥 = 𝑎2 ∙ 𝑏2𝑥

(where 𝑎1 , 𝑎2 , 𝑏1 and 𝑏2 are positive numbers):

𝑎2

o divide both sides by 𝑎1 : 𝑏1𝑥 = ∙ 𝑏2𝑥

𝑎1

𝑏1𝑥 𝑎2

o divide both sides by 𝑏2𝑥 : =

𝑏2𝑥 𝑎1

𝑏1 𝑥 𝑎2

o apply rule for quotient of powers: =

𝑏2 𝑎1

3 ∙ 1.05𝑥 = 2 ∙ 1.08𝑥 .

7

Exercise

Solve the following exponential equations:

1 𝑥

• 3∙ 2

+ 7 = 55

• 5 + 3 ∙ 4𝑥−1 = 12

1 𝑥

• 2∙ 3𝑥 −5∙

3

=0

8

Logarithmic equations

• A logarithmic equation is an equation in which the unknown

appears in the base or as an argument of a logarithm.

exponential and logarithmic functions and remember that:

o 𝑦 = log 𝑔 𝑥 ⇔ 𝑥 = 𝑔 𝑦

o log 𝑔 𝑚 = log 𝑔 𝑛 ⇔ 𝑚 = 𝑛

o 𝑏𝑚 = 𝑏𝑛 ⇔ 𝑚 = 𝑛

o 𝑏 log𝑏 𝑥 = 𝑥

o log 𝑏 (𝑏 𝑥 ) = 𝑥

9

Exercise

Solve the following logarithmic equations:

2

a) log2 = 3 + log2x

𝑥

b) ln(2𝑥 − 1) = 3

c) log(5𝑥 + 1) = log(4𝑥 + 2)

d) e3ln𝑥 = 8

10

• The following section in the course book deal with the topic

in this slideshow

o 4.4 Logarithmic and Exponential Equations

• Most of the exercises to these sections are interesting as

well: some as technical finger exercises, some as word

problems.

- Notes 1Uploaded byJona Boender
- Fundamental of Mathematics - Long Practice SheetUploaded bySaransh Sharma
- VadaszpaperRev2Uploaded byPeter Vadasz
- 2nd Quarter Gen MathUploaded byLea Mae Vivo Gelera
- LogerithmsUploaded byAllyse O'Malley
- 1RJanDegreeUploaded bymarkieboy26
- 47 2 Math ExplrnsUploaded byEbookcraze
- JUNE 2008 MSUploaded byAh Pig
- Ex SmoothUploaded byjesus_donari
- algebra review- sheetUploaded byapi-261989431
- Derivatives of Exponential and Logarithm FunctionsUploaded byYaj Perez
- n_RUploaded bykeyojeli
- ElmerUploaded byElmer Piad
- IOTA WhitepaperUploaded bysasupra
- algebra cheat sheetUploaded byapi-294229268
- Rosin Ramml Er RegressionUploaded byDiorki Reategui
- Inverse FunctionsUploaded byNeimal Usmani
- tcu11_01_04Uploaded byJagathisswary Satthi
- Log LineariIzationUploaded byaa
- Level+2+Maths (1)Uploaded byNefertitiEgyptsqueen
- Rosin Ramml Er RegressionUploaded bybuggs1152
- Rosin Ramml Er RegressionUploaded byRonald Tessén
- Linest PolyUploaded byvon11
- Compaction DhuraiUploaded byDhurai Rajiv Gandhi
- Rosin Rammer RegressionUploaded byRajeshkumar Elango
- Log Dan ExponentUploaded byhazwani
- observation log 1Uploaded byapi-333700441
- PT-1 (1)Uploaded byAnoop Kumar
- BabyUploaded byJuan De Foca
- 40013837 Add Maths Perfect Score Module Form 4 TopicalUploaded byahlai420

- biology Past PaperUploaded byAdnan Ashraf
- A Concise Course in a-Level StatisticsUploaded byHiruni Gunaratne
- Chapter 3Uploaded by陳瑞祥
- 07.Europeans Explore the East.pdfUploaded byJuanmaseta
- GMIS_questions.docxUploaded byAdnan Ashraf
- Collins Paul Noble French vocabularyUploaded byNagendra Venkat
- Minimum Maximum Gmat.docxUploaded byAdnan Ashraf
- Biology Test 30 August 2017Uploaded byAdnan Ashraf
- Ch 5 Sec 2 (3).pdfUploaded byAdnan Ashraf
- Skipped Math QuestionUploaded byAdnan Ashraf
- 2058_s13_qp_1Uploaded byAdnan Ashraf
- 23rd Chapter AlkenesUploaded byAdnan Ashraf
- Sustaining Innovation and Growth Public Policy Support for EntrepreneurshipUploaded byAdnan Ashraf
- Solutions ManualUploaded byNguyễn Tấn Tài
- 6th November Physics Home Work.docxUploaded byAdnan Ashraf
- Answer Key to 2016 PapersUploaded byAdnan Ashraf
- Agricultural Implements - SargodhaUploaded byAdnan Ashraf
- Chapter 9- Classes and Objects in PythonUploaded byAdnan Ashraf
- Rusting NotesUploaded byAdnan Ashraf
- Minimum Maximum GMAT 1Uploaded byAdnan Ashraf
- CalculusUploaded byAdnan Ashraf
- File Handling in PythonUploaded byAdnan Ashraf
- Decorators in PythonUploaded byAdnan Ashraf
- 0521181178_Cambridge.pdfUploaded byAdnan Ashraf
- Biology Respiration Chapter Adverse Effects of SmokingUploaded byAdnan Ashraf
- Barron's Learn French - The Fast and Fun WayUploaded byAleksandra Janowska
- Chapter 8_ Sets in PythonUploaded byAdnan Ashraf
- Test of ReflectionUploaded byAdnan Ashraf
- Biology Test 2 MahamUploaded byAdnan Ashraf

- Factor AnalysisUploaded byRajendra Kumar
- LaplaceUploaded byKunal Ramnatsing
- Revisi BIPMUploaded byWulan Siti Qodariah
- Exercise 01 Implicit Differentiation (Solutions)Uploaded byECoUF
- Lecnotes Econ AnaliysesUploaded byNazan Nur Kuşçuoğlu Öğünlü
- Mathematics - Complex Algebra 2001Uploaded byAndre Beaureau
- Elements Matrix AlgebraUploaded byRicardo
- Rusev P.-classical Orthogonal Polynomials and Their Associated Functions in Complex Domain-Sofia (2005)Uploaded byJuan Diego Cutipa Loayza
- Factoring Cubic PolynomialsUploaded byRam Singh
- Binomial _Theorem.pdfUploaded byDavid Nallapu
- The Dirac formalism of quantum mechanicsUploaded byapi-3773171
- The Matrix CookbookUploaded byCarlos Sagen
- solutions (1).pdfUploaded byErick Cargnel
- ch06_5Uploaded byRaghunath Venkatramanan
- 13th HA_Practice Test-1 to 4_EUploaded byumang dhandhania
- Optimality Boundary Conditions for Stochastic Elliptic System Involving Higher Order OperatorUploaded byIJARP Publications
- 2.Problems on Leibnitz TheoremUploaded byShubham
- Mathematics Tricks for Entry Tests (2nd Edition)Uploaded byMuhammad Zeeshan
- leep202.pdfUploaded byShivansh Saigall
- hoffman_and_kunze.pdfUploaded byMarcus Vinicius Sousa Sousa
- Final Exam Mat093 Sep 2013 n Nov 2013Uploaded bySyahir Hamidon
- Electromagnetic Fields and Waves HW4 Solution - IskanderUploaded byamacombe
- 1. FunctionsUploaded byNor Hanina
- Fourier Analysis SyllabusUploaded byGary Ge
- 29 Lmit Contnt Diffrntblt Assertion and ResassonUploaded byDeependra
- Linear Algebra With Applications 5th EditionUploaded byGabriel
- Alg Topology IITBUploaded byCLAP or SLAP II
- cayleyUploaded byMizanur Rahman
- 1188689勾的習題詳解Uploaded byChing-Ting Wu
- Linear GuestUploaded byManish kumar