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UNIT1

AN INTRODUCTION TO ELECTRICAL
DRIVES & ITS DYNAMICS:

Presentation By

Mr. R.Reddyprasad,
Assistant Professor
Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering
Email:reddytnp.244@gmail.com
Tel: 9494747497
AC-DC Converters or Rectifiers
Fixed Fixed
voltage Fixed voltage 1 Fully controlled Variable
1 or 3- Diode rectifier voltage or 3- thyristor rectifier voltage
phase ac dc phase ac dc

Variable Voltage ac
Fixed
Fixed Variable voltage 1 Transformer Diode Variable
voltage Half-controlled voltage or 3- with taps rectifier
1 or 3- thyristor rectifier Voltage
dc phase ac dc
phase ac

Fixed voltage dc Fixed


Rectifier with Variable
Fixed voltage
Variable Self Commutated
voltage Diode 1 or 3- Voltage dc
chopper devices
1 or 3- rectifier Voltage dc phase ac
phase ac
Fixed voltage ac

Variable Diode Variable


voltage dc rectifier voltage dc

Ac motor
Ac motor Dc generator
f

Fixed
voltage Magnetic Diode variable Fixed voltage variable
Amplidyne
1 or 3- amplifier rectifier Voltage dc 3-phase ac Voltage dc
phase ac
Ac voltage controllers
Autotransformer
Fixed voltage Lower (fixed)
Of fixed turns
3-phase ac ratio Ac voltage

Fixed voltage Transformer variable


3-phase ac with taps Voltage ac

Fixed voltage Thyristor voltage variable


3-phase ac controllers Voltage ac

Fixed voltage variable


Magnetic amplifier
3-phase ac Voltage ac
Fixed Semiconductor variable
voltage dc chopper Voltage dc
Filter
ld
L
DC C Six step
chopper Vd IM
supply inverter

Dc link
Filter
ld

AC L
C Six step
supply chopper Vd IM
inverter

Dc link
Filter
ld
L
DC C PWM inverter IM
supply Vd

Dc link
Filter
ld

AC L
supply Diode bridge C PWM inverter IM
Vd

Dc link
Ld

AC Fully
supply controlled Vd CSI
rectifier
Induction
Dc link
motor

DC
chopper Vd CSI
supply
Induction
Dc link
motor
ld Ld

T1 T3 T5

3-phase

Vds Vdl
Ac supply Synchronous
motor
T4 T6 T2

Source side converter Load side converter


wm wm
Tv Tc

o Ts
o TF Ts Tor que

Tc Tv
+w
TL

-T o +T

-w
wm wm

o o
Tl Tl
p p

t t
p

t t
Reverse Forward
motion motion
P P

t
wL Viscous
Dry
Fan
IL
v Friction
Motor Friction
w
L T
m
v
P= f (N)

P1

P2 N= f (t)
P= f (t)

t1 t2 P, t
T
T1

II TL I TL Forward
Motoring
Counterweight
Counterweight
Empty
Load torque with Loaded cage
cage
loaded cage

Load torque with


empty cage

Reverse III IV
Motoring

Counterweight
Counterweight
Empty Loaded cage
cage
TL
Motor Load
TM

Fig. 2.10. Motor- load system


M

Fig. 2.12 Motor-hoist load system


 TL 
TL

Stiction

-T -T +i

TL
 

Fig. 2.2. Speed torque curve of dry friction load Fig. 2.3. Speed torque curves of Viscous friction load.
+
+

-T +T -T +T

- -

Fig. 2.4. Speed torque curve of a fan type load. Fig. 2.5. Speed torque curve of a constant power load
2

h
1

F W

Fig.2.6. Forces during the upgradient motion of a train, Fig.2.7. Hoisting .mechanism
TL

J2, Jn, n
J1, 2
1 in
i2
M N i1

Fig.2.11. Motor-Load system with gears.


TL

T e

ONE PERIOD

Fig.2. 8. Speed-torque characteristic of a reciprocating compressor.


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