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Alternative Sources of

Green Energy
B Y: FR A NCISCO, G O NZ A LE S, MI L A NT E, O ND E SI MO, S E R E NO
Green Energy
Definition
• 1 Green energy, also known as green power, is the term
that is used when describing energy sources or sources of
power that are known to be non-polluting energy sources
that are fundamentally environmentally friendly.
• 2 Green energy comes from natural sources such as
sunlight, wind, rain, tides, plants, algae and geothermal
heat. These energy resources are renewable, meaning
they're naturally replenished.
Objectives and Benefits
• The primary objective is to reduce air pollution, and
minimize or eradicate completely any impacts to the
environment.
Thus, the primary benefits are as follows:
• The reduction of impacts to the environment based on the
methods of energy or power that is used.
• The reduction of emissions that are harmful to the
environment based on the methods of energy or power that
we use.
Renewable and Alternative Energy
Definition
•1 Renewable energy is energy that is generated from
natural processes that are continuously replenished.
•2 Alternative energy is a term used for an energy source
that is an alternative to using fossil fuels. Generally, it
indicates energies that are non-traditional and have low
environmental impact.
Alternative Energy Sources
Common Types
• Wind
• Solar
• Water (Hydroelectric, Wave, Tide)
• Geothermal
• Biomass and Biodiesel
• Nuclear
Wind
• Used in powering sailing ships, which made it possible for
explorers to sail around their trade routes in distant lands.
• A single windmill can power the crop irrigation, and the
family energy needs, water pumping and electric lights.
• (Vid)
Solar
• Solar power is typically produced using photovoltaic cells
(PV), which capture sunlight and turn it into electricity.
• Solar technologies have become inexpensive enough to
power everything from small hand-held gadgets to entire
neighborhoods.
Solar Electric
• Solar Photovoltaic (PV) panels
generate electricity directly from
sunlight with special materials

• Solar electricity can also be


generated from the sun’s heat
instead of burning fossil fuels
Solar Thermal
• Heat from the sun can be used to heat
water, houses, pools, in industry and
to generate electricity.

Passive Solar
• Uses sun angles, shading and thermal storage
• Daylighting is using natural sunlight instead of electric lights
Water (Hydro, Wave, Tidal)
• Hydropower, also called hydroelectric
power, hydropower is generated by
the Earth's water cycle, including
evaporation, rainfall, tides and the
force of water running through a dam.
• Hydropower depends on high
precipitation levels to produce
significant amounts of energy.
Geothermal
• Just under the earth's crust are massive amounts of thermal
energy, which originates from both the original formation
of the planet and the radioactive decay of minerals.
• Geothermal energy in the form of hot springs has been
used by humans for millennia for bathing, and now it's
being used to generate electricity.
• Geothermal energy can be found anywhere on the earth.
Most countries tap this energy to generate electricity and
power millions of homes. The areas which have high
underground temperatures are the ones which are the ones
which are prone to earthquakes and volcanoes.
• The United States produces more Geothermal electricity
than any other country in the world. Most hot water
geothermal reservoirs are located in the western states,
Alaska, and Hawaii.
Biomass and Biodiesel
• Biomass, is a renewable organic matter, and can include
biological material derived from living, or recently living
organisms, such as wood, waste, and alcohol fuels.
• Wood energy is derived both from harvested wood as a fuel
and from wood waste products. Waste energy can be
generated from municipal waste, manufacturing waste,
and landfill gas. Biomass alcohol fuel, or ethanol, is derived
almost exclusively from corn.
Biomass and Biodiesel
• Biodiesel is fuel made from plant oils that can be used in
diesel engines. They are typically made of renewable
organic raw materials such as soybean or rapeseed oils,
animal fats, waste vegetable oils or microalgae oils.
Nuclear • Nuclear power is generated
using Uranium, which is a
metal mined in various parts
of the world.
• Nuclear power produces
around 11% of the world's
energy needs, and produces
huge amounts of energy
from small amounts of fuel,
without the pollution that
you'd get from burning fossil
fuels.
Several major reasons that people working in the field still
remain optimistic about nuclear power are:
• The energy produced per amount of material consumed is
the highest available.
• Costs are competitive with coal, the major source used in
the world
• Uranium, the source material, is abundant
• Plutonium, a by-product of commercial nuclear plant
operation, can also be used as a fuel
• The amount of waste produced is the least of any major
energy production process
• Nuclear energy provides benefits other than electricity
generation.
• (Vid)