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Objectives:

Define what a Review of Related
Literature is, why Review Literature,
information to be collected.
Purposes of Review of Related
Literature
Style or Approaches of RRL
Structure of the Review of Related
Literature
What is Review of
Related Literature

- is the process of collecting,
selecting, and reading books,
journals, reports, abstracts, and
other reference materials.
Why Review
Literature?

1. It helps the researcher identify and define
a research problem
2. It helps justify the need for studying a
problem.
3. It can be a source of a theoretical basis for
the study
4. It helps formulate and refine research
instruments
The following information
may be collected:

Background information about the
problem and related concepts.
General and specific findings of
studies related to the problem
Recommendations for further
study given in related studies
Purposes of Review of
Related Literature (RRL)

 To obtain background knowledge of your
research
 To relate your study to the current condition
or situation of the world
 To show the capacity of your research work
to introduce new knowledge.
 To expand, prove, or disprove the findings
of previous research studies
Purposes of Review of
Related Literature (RRL)

 To increase your understanding of the
underlying theories, principles, or concepts
of your research.
 To explain technical terms involved in your
research study
 To highlight the significance of your work
with the kind of evidence it gathered to
support the conclusion of your research
Purposes of Review of
Related Literature (RRL)

To avoid repeating previous research
studies
To recommend the necessity of further
research on a certain topic.
Styles or Approaches of
Review of Related Literature

 Traditional Review of
Literature
 Systematic Review of
Literature
Traditional Review of
Literature

- A traditional way is to
summarize present forms of
knowledge on a specific
subject. Your aim here is to
give an expanded or new
understanding of an existing
work.
Different types of
Traditional Review

1. Conceptual review - analysis of concepts
or ideas to give meaning to some national
or world issues
2. Critical review - focuses on theories or
hypotheses and examine meanings and
results of their application to situations
3. State-of-the-Art review - makes the
research deal with the latest research
studies on the subject.
Different types of
Traditional Review

4. Expert review - encourages a well-known
expert to do the RRL because of the
influence of a certain ideology, paradigm.
5. Scoping review - prepares a situation for a
future research work in the form of project
making about community development,
government policies, and health service,
among others.
Systematic Review of
Literature

- Is a style of Review Related
Literature that involves
sequential acts of a review of
related literature
RRL steps (Ridley 2012)

 Planning
 Reading and Research
 Analyzing
 Summarize
Planning

Plan your manner of obtaining the
data, imagining how you will get
to where the data are. And respect
to people or institutions from
where the data will come such as
planning how to communicate
your request to these sources of
data.
Reading and Research

collect and read material. Do the
literature search. You look for the
needed information from all
sources of knowledge: Internet,
books, journal periodicals, gov.
publications, general references.
Analyzing

evaluates the strength and
weaknesses of the work: What
evidence is lacking, inconclusive,
contradicting, or too limited?
Summarize

Summarize what you have gathered
from various sources of data. To
concisely present a synthesis of your
report, use a graph such as a table and
other presentation formats that are not
prone to verbosity.
RRL compare and contrast
Standard Traditional Review Systematic Review
Purpose

To have a thorough and clear To meet a certain objective
understanding of the field based on specific research
questions
Scope Comprehensive, wide picture Restricted focus
Review Indefinite plan, permits Viewable process and paper
Design creative and exploratory plan trail
Choice of Purposeful selection by the Prepared standards for
Studies reviewer studies selection
Nature of Inquiry-based techniques Wide and thorough search for
studies involving several studies all studies
Quality Reviews’ views Assessment checklists
appraisal
Summary Narrative Graphical and short summary
answers
Structure of RRL

Three Elements:
1. Introduction
2. middle or main body
3. Conclusion
Structure of Review
Related Literature

1. Introduction
 define your topic and provide an
appropriate context for reviewing the
literature;
 establish your reasons – i.e. point of view
 explain the organisation – i.e. sequence –
of the review;
Structure of Review
Related Literature
2. 
Middle or main body
 organise the literature according to
common themes;
 provide insight into the relation between
your chosen topic and the wider subject
area.
 move from a general, wider view of the
literature being reviewed to the specific
focus of your research
Structure of Review
Related Literature
3. Conclusions

 summarize the important aspects of the existing
body of literature;
 evaluate the current state of the literature
reviewed;
 identify significant flaws or gaps in existing
knowledge;
 outline areas for future study