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INDUSTRIAL PROCESSES

AGGREGATES CRUSHING
AND SCREENING PLANT
THE TEAM

ALLCRIS ROMA
BSME-5

JOSE ROEL SESBRENO II


BSME-5
01. Crusher
A crusher is a machine designed to
AGGREGATE reduce large rocks into smaller rocks,
gravel, or rock dust.

PROCESSING 02. Screens


EQUIPMENT Screening of crushed stone is necessary
in order to separate the aggregate by size
ranges.

03. Conveyors
Conveyors are used to transport materials
or items from one location to another.
COMMON TYPES
01. Crusher
OF CRUSHERS A crusher is a machine designed to
reduce large rocks into smaller rocks,
gravel, or rock dust.

Designated in size either by


the gape and mantle

Cone
diameter.

Primary or secondary

Crusher
crushing.

The vertical spindle is free to


rotate around its own axis.
COMMON TYPES
01. Crusher
OF CRUSHERS A crusher is a machine designed to
reduce large rocks into smaller rocks,
gravel, or rock dust.

Primary crushers in a mine or


ore processing plant.

Jaw A jaw crusher reduces large


size rocks or ore by placing the
rock into compression.

Crusher The rock remains in the jaws


until it is small enough to pass
through the gap at the bottom
of the jaws.
COMMON TYPES
01. Crusher
OF CRUSHERS A crusher is a machine designed to
reduce large rocks into smaller rocks,
gravel, or rock dust.

Impact force is used to crush


material.

Material will be crushed by the

Impact impact plate and rebound to


the blow bar again after being
crushed.

Crusher The space between rotor and


impact curtain can be adjusted
in order to changing the
crushing degree
.
COMMON TYPES
01. Crusher
OF CRUSHERS A crusher is a machine designed to
reduce large rocks into smaller rocks,
gravel, or rock dust.

A roller crusher is another


compression type crusher that
simply breaks the material by

Roller pinching the aggregates.

These types of crushers are

Crusher
often found in gravel
operations. Roller crushers
have constant maintenance
problems and are prone to
excessive wear.
STAGES OF CRUSHING
After primary crushing/reduction the
02. Secondary Crushing and
resulting aggregate generally is placed in a
01. Primary Crushing large "surge" pile where the aggregate may be
Tertiary Crushing
fed into the secondary operation whenever
convenient.

SURGE PILE
SECONDARY and TERTIARY CRUSHING,
A PRIMARY CRUSHER receives the if necessary, are the final steps in reducing
stone directly from a quarry after blasting, the material to a desired product size.
and produces the first reduction size. Historically, cone and roll crushers were the
most common choice crushers, but in recent
years impact crushers are more widely used.
01. Crusher
A crusher is a machine designed to
AGGREGATE reduce large rocks into smaller rocks,
gravel, or rock dust.

PROCESSING 02. Screens


EQUIPMENT Screening of crushed stone is necessary
in order to separate the aggregate by size
ranges.

03. Conveyors
Conveyors are used to transport materials
or items from one location to another.
PRODUCT QUALITY

If deleterious material exists at


undesirable levels after crushing and may
be identified as being predominantly in
one size range that is not needed for
product size, the material may be RINSE SCREENS
screened out (namely, fines or top size).
02. Screens
The rinse screen is commonly used. By Screening of crushed stone is necessary
processing the material over a screen that in order to separate the aggregate by size
retains all of the product, the clay and ranges.
deleterious fines may be rinsed away to
make the product acceptable.
01. Crusher
A crusher is a machine designed to
AGGREGATE reduce large rocks into smaller rocks,
gravel, or rock dust.

PROCESSING 02. Screens


EQUIPMENT Screening of crushed stone is necessary
in order to separate the aggregate by size
ranges.

03. Conveyors
Conveyors are used to transport materials
or items from one location to another.
After stone is crushed and screened to
provide the desired size ranges, it is
necessary to handle the stone carefully or
the large and small particles may
separate, thereby destroying the blend in
sizes which is essential to meeting
graduation requirements.

BELT SEGREGATION
SEGREGATION
Segregation begins on the belt where fines
vibrate to the bottom and coarse aggregate remains
on the top as the material bounces across the idlers.
At the end of the belt, if left un-deflected, the coarse
particles are thrown out and away. Fine particles, on

03. Conveyors
the other hand, tend to drop down or if wet even
follow back underneath the conveyor.
Conveyors are used to transport materials
“Theor
greater
items the
fromspeed of the belt,
one location the worse the
to another.
segregation problem is. “
INDUSTRIAL PROCESSES

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