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A CAN PROTOCOL BASED

EMBEDDED SYSTEM TO AVOID


REAR END COLLISION OF
VEHICLES
• An embedded system is a computer system with a dedicated function within a
larger mechanical or electrical system, often with real-time computing constraints.

• It is embedded as part of a complete device often including hardware and


mechanical parts.

• Embedded systems control many devices in common use today. Since the
embedded system is dedicated to specific tasks, design engineers can optimize it to
reduce the size and cost of the product and increase the reliability and performance.

• Some embedded systems are mass-produced, benefiting from economies of scale


• The main theme of the work is to avoid chain accident in the highways. In this
project a high speed wired communication is required since the accidents are
happening within few seconds.

• For that purpose here CAN protocol is introduced. CAN is especially meant for
high speed communication between the ECUs of the car.

• A sensor called MEMS is used to find the braking angle of the car-1.

• With that information, using RF Transmitter the indication is sent to the car-2
which is following back.

• RF Receiver is used to receive the information from the car-1.

• According to the value of the MEMS, the motor of the car-2 is automatically
controlled. For additional safety, 3 LEDs (Red, Yellow, Green) are provided at the
back of the car-1 to indicate the force applied to the brake.
• In existing system there is no automatic control system.

• When one vehicle is following another then change in acceleration may occur due
to behavior of the preceding vehicle and actuating the own vehicle.

• If there is a third following vehicle, it will experience an even stronger change of


the acceleration.

• The longer the queue of vehicles, the stronger the required accelerations (or
decelerations), creating shock waves throughout the string of vehicles.
• The lack of need to maintain constant pedal pressure, which can help lead to
accidents caused by highway hypnosis or incapacitated drivers; future systems may
include a dead man's switch to avoid this.

• When used during inclement weather or while driving on wet or snow- and/or ice-
covered roads, the vehicle could go into a skid (although this may be somewhat
mitigated by cars equipped with Electronic Stability Control).

• Stepping on the brake—such as to disengage the cruise control—could result in the


driver losing control of the vehicle.
• In this project a high speed wired communication is required since the accidents are
happening within few seconds.

• For that purpose here CAN protocol is introduced. CAN is especially meant for
high speed communication between the ECUs of the car.

• A sensor called MEMS is used to find the braking angle of the car-1. With that
information, using RF Transmitter the indication is sent to the car-2 which is
following back.

• RF Receiver is used to receive the information from the car-1. According to the
value of the MEMS, the motor of the car-2 is automatically controlled.

• For additional safety, 3 LEDs (Red, Yellow, Green) are provided at the back of the
car-1 to indicate the force applied to the brake.
• Sensors help to detect changes in the gap between lead and following vehicles

• Wireless communication system to share key vehicle and travel information that is
primarily used to make travel speed decisions.
• PIC MICROCONTROLLER WITH CAN

• MOTOR

• RELAY

• MEMS

• LED

• RF TRANSCEIVER
• EMBEDDED C

• MPLAB COMPILER