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AN ANALYSIS OF GRAMMATICAL ERRORS

TRANSFORMING AFFIRMATIVE TO NEGATIVE


AND INTERROGATIVE SENTENCE OF SIMPLE PAST TENSE
MADE BY THE FIRST GRADE STUDENTS’ OF
SMK NEGERI 5 PADANG

THESIS

ELDA GUSRITA
1410003745019

ENGLISH DEPARTMENT
THE FACULTY OF TEACHER TRAINING AND EDUCATION
EKASAKTI UNIVERSITY
PADANG
2018
A. Background of the Problem

B. Identification of the Problem

C. Limitation of the Problem

D. Formulation of the Problem


CHAPTER I
INTRODUCTION
E. The Purpose of the Research

F. Significance of the Research

G. Definition of the Key Terms


English

A. Background Grammar
of the Problem

Simple Past Tense


B. Identification of the Problem

Affirmative
Sentence

Negative Sentence
Yes/No question

Negative Sentence
Yes/No question
C. Limitation of the Problem
1. What types of grammatical errors are made by the first grade students’ of
D. Formulation of the Problem

SMK N 5 Padang transforming affirmative to negative sentences?

2. What types of grammatical errors are made by the first grade students’ of
SMK N 5 Padang transforming affirmative to interrogative sentences of
yes/no questions?

3. What types of grammatical errors are made by the first grade students’ of
SMK N 5 Padang transforming affirmative to interrogative sentences of
WH- questions?
E. The Purpose of the Research
E. The Purpose of the Research

1. To find out types grammatical errors are made by the first grade students’of
SMK N 5 Padang transforming affirmative sentence to negative sentence?

2. To find out types of grammatical errors are made by the first grade students’ of
SMK N 5 Padang transforming affirmative sentence to interrogative sentences
of yes/no question?

3. To find out types of grammatical errors are made by the first grade students’ of
SMK N 5 Padang transforming affirmative sentence to interrogative sentences
of WH-questions?
F. Significance
of the Research

For the Teacher For the Students


G. Definition of
the Key Terms

Simple Analysis
Past Tense

Interrogative
Sentence Errors

Negative Affirmative
Sentence Sentence
CHAPTER II
REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

A. Grammar
B. Errors
C. Tenses
D. Simple Past Tense
E. Teaching of Simple Past Tense
F. Previous Studies
G. Conceptual Framework
A. GRAMMAR

The Nature of Grammar

Swan (2008:34) states that grammar is the rule that say how words are
combined, arranged, and changed to show different meaing.

According to Nelson (2001:1), grammar is the study of how words


combine to form sentence
B. Error
1. The Nature of Error

2. The Differences Between


Errors and MistakeThe
Differences Between Errors
and Mistake

3. The Types of Grammatical


Errors
C. Tenses
• The Nature of Tenses
Mulyani (2014:5) state that tense is form
taken by a verb to show the time of an
action
D. Simple Past Tense

1.The Nature of Simple Past Tense


Regular Verb
Simple Past Tense
2. The Concept of Simple Past Tense
Irregular Verb

3.The Formula of Simple Past Tense


Nominal Sentences

Verbal Sentence
CHAPTER III
RESEARCH METHOD

A. Research Design
B. Population and Sample
C. Instrumentation
D. Technique of Collecting Data
E. The technique of Analyzing Data
CHAPTER IV
CHAPTER
FINDINGS IV
AND DISCUSSIONS

A. FINDING
1. Types of Grammatical Errors Made By the Students in
Transforming Affirmative to Negative Sentences

2. Types of Grammatical Errors Made By the Students in


Transforming Affirmative to Interrogative Sentences
Yes/No Question

3. Types of Grammatical Errors Made by the Students in


Transforming Affirmative to Interrogative Sentences WH
Question
1. Types of Grammatical Errors Made By the Students in
Transforming Affirmative to Negative Sentences

a.omission of b. Addition of C.Misformation of d.misordering


Errors Errors Errors of Errors
2. Types of grammatical errors made by the students in
transforming affirmative to interrogative sentences yes/no question

• 1. Types of Grammatical Errors Made By


the Students in Transforming Affirmative
to Negative Sentences Yes/No Question
a. Omission of b. Addition of c.Misformation d.Misordering
Errors Errors of Errors of Errors
3.Types of Grammatical Errors Made by the Students in Transforming
Affirmative to Interrogative Sentences WH Question

a. Omission of b. Addition of c Misformation D.Misordering


Errors Errors of Errors of Errors
Total of Grammatical Error Made by the Students in Transforming
Affirmative to Negative and Interrogative Sentences.
CHAPTER V

• Based on the data analysis, it can be concluded: The


students made errors in transforming affirmative to
negative and interrogative sentences they were: omission
50%, addition 21%, misformation 17%, and misordering
A. Conclusion
12%.

• For the Teacher


• For the Students
B. Suggestion
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