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LANGUAGE

AND
CULTURE
A journal by Hilda Freimuth

CROSS-CULTURAL UNDERSTANDING

Lecturer: Elvina Arapah, S.Pd.


A PowerPoint by:
 Galuh Pamulangsih (1610117320013)
 Nanda Safitri (1610117320025)
 Siti Asyifa Anindya (1610117320032)
 Sri Mulyani (1610117320033)
Outline
DEFINITION OF CULTURE

THE EXISTENCE OF A RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN


CULTURE AND LANGUAGE

TEACHING IMPLICATION

IMPLICATION FOR LANGUAGE POLICY

CONCLUSION
Definition of Culture
Goodenough, 1957
“Whatever it is one has to know or believe in order to operate in a
manner acceptable to its members.”

Bates and Plog


“The system of shared beliefs, values, customs, behaviors, and
are transmitted from generation to generation through learning.”

From Web
Learned behavior of people, which includes their belief
systems languages, their social relationships, their instituations
and organizations, and their material goods.
THE EXISTENCE OF A RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN
CULTURE AND LANGUAGE

Lucy
He found an evidence of the relationship between
culture and language, such as in English and
Yucatec Maya.

Gumperz (1996)
Believed that language is more than Brown (2000)
something you simply use to interact “It is apparent that culture becomes
in a society. It means that we need to highly important in the learning of a
know how language and cultural second language. A language is part
differences work. of a culture, and a culture is part of
a alnguage; the two ar interwoven..”

Hammerly (1985)
Breinneis
Believed that language learners were not He came up withj five characteristics that
fully trained until they exhibited the both language and cultures share, thereby
knowledge and behavior of theculture of reinforcing their close connection.
the language thry were learning..
TEACHING IMPLICATION
“Learning another language means having to learn another culture” (Brown
,2000).

“Learning another culture is a process not a list of things to learn. It is learn


ed through experiencing life in another culture and takes years to do” (Rob
inson-Stuart and Nocon, 1996)

Cultural Competence

Taught in two ways

Cultural in descriptively Apply cultural knowledge


IMPLICATION FOR LANGUAGE POLICY

“Language policy refers to the government policy about linguistic


communication in a given society” Harold Schiffman (1998)

“Language policy has a strong influence over the existence and usage
of a given language” Wikipedia (retrieved October 6, 2005)

The implication of the close relationship of culture and language for


language policy, then, is that culture must be promoted alongside the
language and this must be reflected in a region’s language policy.
CONCLUSION

In summary, culture and language are closely linked and thereby


have an influence on each other. This close union has a profound
effect on language teacher by bringing the teaching of cultural
competence to the fore front. This close relation ship also effects
language policies as legislators must now incorporate the teaching of
culture in all language policies.
Thank you
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