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O O
° |  
is    
computing, whereby    ,
software, and information are provided to
computers and other devices    .

° his frequently takes the form of Ô  


     that users can access and
use through a Ô Ô as if it were a
program installed locally on their own
computer.
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O O
° Most cloud computing infrastructures consist
of services delivered through common centers
and      .
° louds often appear  
    
for all consumers' computing needs.
° he major cloud service providers include

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|   
° ustomers do t own the  
   
° hey consume        and pay
only for resources that they use.
° £haring "perishable and intangible" computing
power among multiple tenants can 
   , as servers are not unnecessarily
left idle (which can    significantly
while   
   of application
development).
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 KO £  
 £ O£

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£oftware as a £ervice (£aa£)
° A £oftware that is deployed over the internet.
° A £aa£ application runs entirely in the cloud
that is, on servers at an Onternet-accessible
service provider.
° he on-premises client is typically a browser
or some other simple client.

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 ample of a £aa£ applications

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Attached £ervices
° An on-premises application can sometimes
enhance its functions by accessing application-
specific services provided in the cloud.
° Because these services are usable only by this
particular application, they can be thought of as
attached to it.
° ne popular consumer e ample of this is Apple͛s
iunes: he desktop application is useful for playing
music and more, while an attached service allows
buying new audio and video content.
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 ample of Attached £ervices

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loud Platforms or
† 

† 
° A cloud platform provides cloud-based
services for creating applications.
° ather than building their own custom
foundation, for e ample, the creators of a new
£aa£ application could instead build on a
cloud platform.

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 ample of loud Platforms or
† 

† 

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| 
°   
6 "computer systems capable of self-
management".
° |     x  refers broadly to any distributed
application that distinguishes between service providers
(servers) and service requesters (clients).
° w 
6 "a form of distributed computing and
parallel computing, whereby a 'super and virtual computer' is
composed of a cluster of networked, loosely coupled
computers acting in concert to perform very large tasks͞
° †   M a distributed architecture without the need for
central coordination, with participants being at the same time
both suppliers and consumers of resources.
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4 loud eployment Models
° Private cloud
enterprise owned or leased
° ommunity cloud
shared infrastructure for specific community
° Public cloud
£old to the public, mega-scale infrastructure
° ybrid cloud
composition of two or more clouds

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loud efinition ramework
ybrid louds
eployment
Models †  | 
|  †  | 
| 
£ervice £oftware as a Platform as a Onfrastructure as a
Models £ervice (£aa£) £ervice (Paa£) £ervice (Oaa£)

n emand £elf-£ervice
ssential
Broad etwork Access apid lasticity
haracteristics
esource Pooling Measured £ervice

Massive £cale esilient omputing

ommon omogeneity Geographic istribution


haracteristics irtualization £ervice rientation
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ow ost £oftware
Management of information system Advanced £ecurity 14
[   
° 
  improves with users' ability to rapidly
and ine pensively re-provision technological
infrastructure resources.
° | is claimed to be greatly reduced and
capital e penditure is converted to
operational e penditure.
° r          enable
users to access systems using a web browser
regardless of their location or what device
they are using (e.g., P, mobile).
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[   | 
°     enables sharing of resources
and costs across a large pool of users thus
allowing for:
|   of infrastructure in locations with
lower costs (such as real estate, electricity, etc.)
†     increases (users need not
engineer for highest possible load-levels)
       improvements for
systems that are often only 10M20% utilized.

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[   | 
°   could improve due to centralization
of data, increased security-focused resources,
etc., but concerns can persist about loss of
control over certain sensitive data, and the
lack of security for stored kernels.
° £ecurity is often as good as or better than
under traditional systems, in part because
providers are able to devote resources to
solving security issues that many customers
cannot afford.
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[   | 
°    cloud computing applications
are easier to maintain, since they don't have
to be installed on each user's computer

° he cloud is becoming increasingly associated


with small and medium enterprises (£Ms) as
in many cases they cannot justify or afford the
large capital e penditure of traditional O.

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° † : ompanies hosting the loud services
control, and thus, can monitor at will, lawfully or
unlawfully, the communication and data stored
between the user and the host company.
°  
he relative security of cloud computing services is a
contentious issue which may be delaying its adoption.
£ome argue that customer data is more secure when
managed internally, while others argue that cloud
providers have a strong incentive to maintain trust and
as such employ a higher level of security
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°      † 
Businesses are worried about acceptable levels of
availability and performance of applications
hosted in the cloud.
here are also concerns about a cloud provider
shutting down for financial or legal reasons, which
has happened in a number of cases.

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°      

° loud computing is often assumed to be a form


of "green computing"
° £iting the servers affects the environmental
effects, of cloud computing.
° On areas where climate favors natural cooling and
renewable electricity is readily available, the
environmental effects will be more moderate.
° hus countries with favorable conditions, such as
inland, £weden and £witzerland, are trying to
attract cloud computing data centers.
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| |
 !"
  # 
$  †   
Ô
eave Application system
Ô Payroll £ystem
Ô mployee data management
Ô - orms
Ô Booking of company resources
Ô Performance and talent management modules
Ô raining and development modules etc.

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£ome e amples͙..

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˜!%[&$

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