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1.

An imaginary lines passing through


places having a zero declination.

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AGONIC LINES
2. The line joining the intersection of the cross
hairs and the optical center of the
objective lens, regardless of whether it is in
adjustment or not.

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LINE OF SIGHT
3. An artificial shade lines drawn in the
direction of steepest slope for the
purpose of representing a relief.

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Hachure Lines
4. A fixed distance within which the hauling of
materials is not paid but is assumed to be
already included in the cost of excavation.

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FREE HAUL DISTANCE
5. An engineer’s chain was used to measure
a line, there were 6 tallies recorded, the
rear chairman had 5 marking pins and the
distance from the last pin to the end of the
line was 51.1 links. What was the length of
the line in ft.?

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6551.1 ft
6. A tape has a standard at a temperature
of 230C. A line was measured at a
temperature of 120C. If the coefficient of
thermal expansion is 0.0000116m/0C and
its adjusted horizontal length 564.34m.
What is the measured length?

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564.41m
7. The interior angles A, B, and C of a
triangular traverse were measured with the
same precision. The results were as follows:
STATION ANGLES No. of Measurement
A 39 3
B 65 4
C 75 2

Determine the corrected angle of station B.


Answer should be express in degrees, minutes and
seconds.

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65013’51”
8. How wide would the river be in km if a
man 1.8m high stands on the other bank
of the river and still he could see a tower
on the opposite bank of the river which is
30.50m high considering the effect of
curvature and refraction correction?

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26.42 km
9. Fill in the blank:

1, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 13, 21, __,...,

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34
10. A line of levels was run from BM1 to BM2
covering a route of approximately 5km.
Back sight and Foresight distances
averages 100m at every set up. If at every
T.P. the rod settles about 0.04m. What
would be the correct elevation of BM2. The
diff. in elevation between BM1 and BM2 is
100m. BM1 is lower than BM2 and is at
elevation of 60.00m.

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159.04m
11. A community has an estimated
population 30 years hence equal to 30,000.
The present population is 24, 000 and the
present water consumption of 16, 000
m3/day. The existing treatment plant has a
design capacity of 20, 000 m3/day. Using an
arithmetic rate of population growth,
determine in how many years the existing
plant will reach its design capacity.

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End
30 years
12. A line 100m long was paced by a
surveyor for four times with the following
data: 142, 145, 145.5, 146. The another
line was paced for times again with the
following results: 893, 893.5, 891, 895.5.
Determine the distance of the new line.

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617.24m
 13. Object A approaches object B which is
stationary. Velocity of object A is V=25 I + 4j- 5k in
m/s. Mass of A=10 kg, and that of B =4 kg. After
impact the object sticks together. Compute the
velocity after impact. In vector form.

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17.86i +2.86j -3.57 k
14. Data on a traffic accident recorded
on a certain intersection for the past 5
years has an accident rate of 4160
per million entering vehicles (ARMV). If
the average daily traffic entering the
intersection is 504, find the total
number of accidents during the 5 year
period. Round-up to the nearest
whole number.

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3827
15. The compass bearing of line in 1981
was S 37030’E and the magnetic
declination of the place is known to be
3010’W. It has also discovered that during
the observation local attraction of the
place at that moment of 50E existed.
Find the true azimuth of the line.

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324020’
16. Fifteen-minute vehicular volume were obtained
from 6:30AM to 9:00AM in front of BERC going to E-
Mall. Determine the PEAK HOUR FACTOR (PHF).
Provide answer in two decimal places.

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End
0.84
16. A man fires a target with a bullet’s
velocity of 900 m/s. After 2.5 seconds,
he hears the sound of the bullet that
strikes the target. Assuming sound has
a constant velocity of 350 m/s, how
far is the target from the man.

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End
630 m
 17. Based on the record of road
accidents, compute the ff:
Year Property Damage Injury Fatal
1992 105 36 2
1993 178 48 3
1994 152 41 3
1995 190 60 5
1996 236 88 10
a.) Compute the total number of accidents.
b.) Compute the total non-fatal accidents.
c.) Compute the severity ratio. In 6 Sig.Fig.

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End
1157, 1134, 0.255834
18. The horizontal axis of transit was
inclined at 4’ with the horizontal due
to non-adjustment. The first sight had a
vertical angle of 500, the next had -
390. determine the error in the
measured horizontal angle. Answer
should be in minute seconds.

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End
7’4.6”
 19. A line 100m long was paced by a
surveyor for four times with the following
data: 142, 145, 145.5, 146. The another
line was paced for times again with the
following results: 893, 893.5, 891, 895.5.
Determine the distance of the new line

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End
617.24m
 20. A line was measured with a 50m tape
and recorded 100m long. While
measuring the first pin was stuck 20 cm to
the right of the line and the second pin
40 cm. to the left. Find the correct length
of the line. Use 3digit decimal.

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End
99.996 m
21. The sides of the square lot having an
area of 2.25 hectares were measured
using a 100 m. tape that was 0.04 m. too
short. Compute the error in the area in
sq. m.

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End
18 m2
22. An aerial photograph was taken using
a camera with focal length of 12cm. The
plane was flying at an altitude of 1320m
above mean sea level and the mean
ground elevation was 120m. Using the
scale what is the actual are in m2 on a
map if it is 10 in2 in the drawing

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End
645160 m2
 23. A rectangular lot was measured using
a 30m metallic tape which was later
found to be 8mm too short. The
recorded dimensions were 128.5m long
by 98.54m wide. What is the error in
area?

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End
6.75 m2 too short
 24. An air bubble from the bottom of a
swimming pool will increase its original
volume by 20% when it reaches the free
surface. How deep is the water in the pool
in feet?
 (Atmospheric reading is 98.1 KPa.)

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End
6.56 ft
25. A block of wood 0.10 m thick is
floating in sea water. The specific
gravity of wood is 0.63 while that of
seawater is 1.03. Find the minimum
area of a block which will support a
man weighing 80 kg.

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End
2 m^2
 26. The sides of a rectangular section
were determined to be 756.23 ± 0.007m
by 526±0.003m. What is the probable
error in the area in square meter?

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End
±4.33 m2
 27. A line was measured four times and
yield the following results: 820.5m, 823m,
819m, and 825.3m. Determine the probable
error.

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End
±1.08 m
 28. Lines of levels are run from station A to station B
over three different routes. The route length and
difference in elevation between A and B are:
Route Length (km) Diff. in elev. (m)
1 6.2 425.34
2 5.8 424.12
3 3.8 426.45

Determine the most probable value of elev. Of station


B if station A is at elev. 187.235m. Use 3digit decimal.

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End
612.712m
 29. A line of levels was run from point A to B 8km
apart. The average back sight and foresight
distance was 100m. At every turning point, the rod
settles by 2cm. Find the correct elevation of point B
based on its recorded elevation of 254m.
Route Length (km) Diff. in elev. (m)
1 6.2 425.34
2 5.8 424.12
3 3.8 426.45

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End
253.22m
 30. In the two-peg test of a dumpy level,
the following observation s were taken:
Rod Reading on A Rod Reading on B
Instrument at A 1.506 2.024
Instrument a t B 0.815 1.449

 What is the correct difference in elevation


between .A and B. Use 3decimal.

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End
0.576 m
31. An engineer setup his transit inside a triangular lot
ABC and recorded the following data for corners
A, B, C of the parcel:

CORNER BEARING DISTANCE

OA N78.230E 58.63m

OB S42.250W 85.24m

OC N46.320W 68.55m

Determine the area of the parcel in sq.m.

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End
6043.87 sq.m
 32. The top of the tower signal at B 2000m
from A away was sighted through a transit
with recorded vertical angle of 2030’. The
height of the mast is 12m and HI of the
transit above the point where it is setup is
1.10m. The elevation of the point under the
transit A is 133.3m. Compute the elevation
of the base of the signal B.

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End
210m
 33. In a hydrographic survey using a
current meter constant A=0.232 and
B=0.022, it is required to determine the
velocity of the water at that point were
the time observation was recorded to
last for 50 seconds and the recorded
number of revolution is 10. Express your
answer in meters per second. Use 4
decimal place.

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End
0.0684 m/s
 34. The stadia intercept of 0.28 was
recorded for an inclined sight of 20 from
the horizontal. If the stadia interval factor
is 100m and an internal focusing of the
telescope was 0.30. What is the
horizontal distance. Use 3 decimal.

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End
28.266m
35. The reservoir of the Municipality of Minglanilla is
designed to be supplied by a 200 mm Ø pipe at a
rate of 15 m/s. If the capita per day consumption
of water amounts to 340 liters , compute the
population of Minglanilla that could be served by
the reservoir. Round-Up to the nearest whole
number.

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End
119,751
36. TP has an elevation of 115.15m and the
foresight taken at that point is 0.30m. If BS
taken at BM is 1.42m. The elevation of BM
is?

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End
114.03m
37. If Precipitation is 32 cm basin recharge is
10 cm, and groundwater accretion is 6 cm,
what is the direct run-off?

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End
16 cm
 38. Transit is setup at A observed a stadia intercept
of 2.20m at a vertical angle of 18023’. The stadia
interval factor of the instrument used is 95.5 and
stadia constant of 0.30. If the height of instrument is
1.62m and the rod reading is 1.95m. Determine the
vertical distance from the center of the instrument
to the point on rod bisected by the cross hair.

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End
62.97m
39. The total error in the latitude is -15.97 while the
sum of all positive and negative latitudes 1870.97.
What is the correction to be applied to a line which
has a latitude of 640.13 using transit rule?

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End
5.46
 40. The ff. notes were taken during differential
leveling. What is the difference in elevation
between BM1 and BM2?

STATION B.S F.S ELEVATION


BM1 7.11 751.05
1 8.83 1.24
2 11.72 1.11
BM2 10.21

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End
15.10m
 41. The area bounded by the waterline
of a reservoir and the contours with a
contour interval of 3m are the following:
A1 =4534 m2 A2 =7504 m2 A3 =4562 m2
A4 =6518 m2 A5 =9064 m2
Compute the volume of the reservoir using
the End Area Method.

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End
76 149 m3
42. From the area of a piece of land with an irregular
boundary as follows:
STATION OFFSET DISTANCE (m)
0+100 5.59
0+010 3.38
0+020 2.30
0+030 3.96
0+040 4.80

The stations are on straight line boundary. Find the


area of the land by Trapezoidal Rule.

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End
148.40m2
43. A closed traverse has the following data:
LINE BEARING DISTANCE (m)
AB N 300 30’ E 56.5
BC N 750 30’ W 65.7
CD S 450 30’ W 85.7
DA -------------- ------------

Determine the length and the bearing of the line DA.

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End
96.19m S 86059’ E
44. The difference of elevation between two
points was determined by trigonometric
leveling. The slope distance was measured
electronically and was found to be
1486.72m and the zenith distance was
83014’ 20”. Calculate the difference in
elevation between the two points.

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End
175.03m
45. A line measures 6846.34m at elevation
993.9m. The average radius of curvature
in the area is 6400km. Compute the level
distance.

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End
6845.28m
46. Three hills A, B, and C has elevation 0f
660m, 625m, and 600m, respectively. B is in
between A and C and is 10km from A and
12km from C. If a 5m tower is erected on
top of B, what would be the height of equal
towers to be erected at A and C in order
that A, B and C will be inter visible.

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End
5.37m
47. A 3 degree curve has an external
distance of 8.53m. What is the central
angle? Use chord basis.

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End
240
48. Find the area in m2 of the given cross
section if the width of roadway is 12m.
 left center right
9.8 0 11.2
3 2.8 4.89

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End
53.07 m2
49. A car is travelling at 105 kph applies a brake and
stopped at a distance of 105m. The coefficient of
friction between the tires and the road is 0.5. If the
perception reaction time is 1.5 seconds, what is the
grade of the road in percent?

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End
20.79%
50. The dry weight of an undisturbed soil is
500 kg. After saturation with kerosene its
weight is 600 kg. If the porosity of the soil
is 25%, how much did it displace in kg if
the saturated sample was immersed in
kerosene?

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End
400 kg
51. Compute the peak hour factor (PHF) if
the hourly volume of traffic is 1800
vehicles per hour and the highest 5 min.
volume is 250.

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End
0.60
52. A car weighing 1000 kg runs at 60 kph
around an unbanked circular curve with
a radius of 100 m. What force of friction
on the tires should be to prevent the car
from sliding?

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End
2777.78 N
53. Determine the max. speed in kph that a car
could move around a curve having a radius of 500
m. if the impact factor of that curve is 0.15. Neglect
the friction between tires and friction.

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End
97.65 kph
54. A turnout has a frog number of 9 with a
length of heel spread equal to 336.11mm.

 a.) compute the length of heel.


 b.) if the length of the toe is equal to 1820mm,
compute the total length of the turnout.
 c.) compute the FROG Angle.

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End
a.) 3025mm b.) 4845mm c.) 6021’35”
55. A vertical cylindrical tank with a
diameter of 12 m and a depth of 4 m is
filled with water to the top with water at
20 deg. Cel. If the water is heated to 50
deg.Celius., how much water will spill
over? Unit weight of water at 20
deg.Celius is 9.79 kN/m^3 and 9.69
kN/m^3, recpectively. In 2 sig.Fig.

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End
4.7 m^3
60. A wooden spherical ball with specific
gravity of 0.42 and a diameter of 300
mm is dropped from a height of 4.3 m
above the surface of water in a pool of
unknown depth. The ball barely
touched the bottom of the pool before
it began to float. Determine the depth
of the pool.

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End
3.11 m
61. One proposal in the Agrarian Reform
Program is to have a retention limit of 10
hectares. If a landowner was left with 10
hectares fewer than 40% of his land,
after selling 6 hectares more than 70% of
his land, what size of land did he initially
owned? .

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End
40 hectares
 62 Find the work done in moving an
object along a straight line from (3, 2 -1)
to (2, -1, 4) in a force field by F= 4i – 3j
+2k.

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End
15
63. Six identical circles are arranged in a
way that each circle are externally
tangent to at least 2 other circles. If the
radius of each circle is 2, find the
perimeter of the polygon form by
connecting the centers of the circle

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End
24
68. From NSCP 2010 Specifications:
A. What is the design wind velocity in
Cebu (Zone 2)?
B. What is the design wind pressure for
roofing?

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End
200 kph, 1.89 kPa
72. The ratio of the volume to the lateral
area of a right circular cone is 2:1. If the
altitude is 15 cm. What is the ratio of the
slant height to the radius?

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End
5:2
73. The edge of a cube is increased by
30%, by how much is the surface area
increased.

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End
69%
74. A quadrilateral have sides equal to
12m, 20m, 8m, 16.97m, respectively. If
the sum of the two opposite angles is
equal to 225°, find the area of the
quadrilateral.

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End
168 m2
75. Given the cost equation of a certain
product as follows:
C = 50t2 - 200t+10000, where t is in
years. Find the maximum cost from the
year 1995 to 2002

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End
P 11,050
76. The horizontal axis of a transit was
inclined at 4’ with the horizontal due to
non-adjustment. The first sight had a
vertical angle of 50°, the next had -30°.
Determine the error in the measured
horizontal angle. In nearest seconds.

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End
7’4.6”
77. In a Poisson distribution, if the variance
equals 9, then what is twice the mean
less one standard deviation, equal to?

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End
15
79. At the proportional limit, a 200 mm
gage length of a 15 mm diameter alloy
bar has elongated 0.90 mm and the
diameter has been reduced 0.022 mm.
The total axial load carried was 58.4 KN.

a) Determine the modulus of elasticity.


b) Determine the Poisson’s ratio.
c) Determine the proportional limit.

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End
73.4 GPa, 0.33, 330.48 MPa
80. sum of the three most beautiful and
intriguing mathematical constants, pi, e
and Phi is closest to which integer?

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End
7
81. I wake up if and only if both of my
alarm clocks ring at the same time. My
alarm that's 3 minutes fast first rings
when it reads 10:14. It then rings every 9
minutes thereafter. My alarm that's 4
minutes fast first rings when it reads
10:09. It then rings every 7 minutes
thereafter. Where will the minute hand
be when I wake up?

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End
47
82. At a uniform rate of 4 drops per
second, water is dripping from a faucet.
Find the distance between two
consecutive drops in mm if the upper
drop has been in motion for 3/8
seconds.

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End
1226.25 mm
83. Determine the resultant of the three
forces passing through the origin and
passing through the points indicated:
P1= 126 N through (8, 6), P2= 183 N
through (2, -5), P3= 269 N through (-6, 3).

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End
76.39 N @ 160.11° (from + x-axis)
84. The traffic accidents in Trans-Central
Highway can be interpreted by a graph
that follows a Poisson’s Distribution. If the
mean number of accidents a week is 5,
what is the probability of having 30
accidents in the next 5 weeks. In 3
sig.fig.

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End
0.0454
86 . A steel section having a cross section
of 20 mm x 30 mm is subjected to an
axial force of 240 KN. The steel section
has produces a strain of 0.002. If it has a
value of Poisson’s ratio of 0.30. Compute
the following. In MPa
A) Modulus of Elasticity
B) Bulk Modulus
C) Shear Modulus

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End
200, 000 MPa, 166, 666.67 MPa, 76, 923.08 MPa
87. What do you call the force which
determines whether the body will be in
equilibrium or will have a varying state
of motion?

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End
Resultant
Simplify:

88. Evaluate Y if X=2, express your answer in


three decimal.

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End
7.40
89. A man sold 100 eggs. Eighty of them
were sold at a profit of 30% while the
rest were sold at a gain of 40%. What is
the percentage gain or loss on the
whole stock?

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End
32% gain
90. Solve for x if

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End
16/13-11i/13
91. If seven coins are tossed
simultaneously, find the probability that
they will just have at least 4 heads. In
fraction form.

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End
99/128
92. Two metal ball are compared with
each other, the ratio of their surface
area is 2:3, if they have a combined
mass of 20 kg, then what is the mass of
the smaller ball.

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End
7 kg
93. A salesman started walking from his
office A at 9:30 AM at the rate of 2.5
kph. He arrived B 12 seconds late. Had
he started at A at 9:00 AM and walked
at 1.5 kph, he would have arrived at B
one minute before the required time. At
what time was he supposed to be at B?

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End
10:13 AM
94. The common ratio of a GP is 2. If the
sum of all terms is 3, 069 and the first term
is 3, find:
a) the no. of terms.
b) the value of the 7th term.
c) the value of the last term.

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End
a) 10, b)192, c) 1536 20.
96. A polygon has 629 distinct diagonals.
What is the number of its sides.

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End
37
97. . The perimeter of triangle is 279.15 cm.
The interior angles are 50°, 60°and 70°.
 Find the side opposite the smallest angle.

 Find the side opposite the biggest angle.

 Find the area of the triangle.

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End
a) 83.14 cm, b)102.01 cm, c) 3672.43 cm2
99. If Vectors A and B are defined by their
Cartesian representation as follows.
A = 3i + 2j – k
B = 6i – 3j + 2k
Find the angle between A and B in
radians.

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End
1.18 radians
101. A circle of area 1018 cm2 is cut into
two segments by a chord which is 5 cm
from the center. In 3 sig.fig.
a) Compute ratio of the smaller area to
the bigger area.
b) Compute ratio of the smaller arc to
the bigger arc.

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End
0.482, 0.696
107. An axial load of 100 kN is applied to a flat
bar 20 mm thick, tapering in width from 120
mm to 40 mm in a length of 10 m. Assuming E
= 200 Gpa, determine the total elongation of
the bar.

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End
3.43 mm
108. A rod with cross-sectional area of 100 square
millimeters is stretched between two fixed points such
that the initial tensile load is 10 kN. The rod has a
modulus of elasticity equal to 180 Gpa and the
coefficient of linear expansion is 0.00001 m/m degC.
The initial tension is design such that the rod will have
zero stress when there is a certain change in
temperature of the rod environment. Which of the
following most nearly gives the value of this
temperature change?

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End
55.6 degrees Celcius
112. A block weighing 200 N rests on a plane inclined
upwards to the right at a slope of 4 vertical to 3
horizontal. The block is connected to a cable initially
parallel to the plane, passing through the pulley and
connected to another block weighing 100 N moving
vertically downward. The coefficient of kinetic friction
between the 200N block and the inclined plane is 0.10.
Which of the following most nearly gives the
acceleration(a) of the system?

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End
1.57 m/sec^2
117. A solid steel shaft 220 mm in diameter
and 3.6 m long is twisted, causing a
maximum shearing stress of 25 Mpa.
What is the angle of twist in degrees? Use
G = 83 Gpa.

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0:59
1:00
End
0.56 degrees