3 views

Uploaded by Abbas Abdu

litho

- 1806.02817
- Performance of Different Classifiers in Speech Recognition
- Predicting Students’ Performance using K-Median Clustering
- A REVIEW ON DIFFERENT COMPUTING METHOD FOR BREAST CANCER DIAGNOSIS USING ARTIFICIAL NEURAL NETWORK AND DATAMINING TECHNIQUES
- Modeling the Student Success or Failure in Engineering at VUT Using the Date Band Algorithm
- IRJET- User Profile based Behavior Identificaton using Data Mining Technique
- Mlib
- Haykin, Simon Kosko, Bart(Eds.) Intelligent Signal Processing 2001
- IEEEFYP2018 Poster Track2 NoorHanaLaili Binti AbdulBasari
- A Survey of Machine Learning Algorithm in Network Traffic Classification
- Midterm 2 Practice Problem Solutions v 2
- Textclassificationscikit Learnpycon2011ogrisel 110311132018 Phpapp01
- Churn prediction.pdf
- MC1630_-_DATA_WAREHOUSING_AND_DATA_MINING
- RiGui Zhou,HongYuan Zheng, Nan Jiang,QiuLin Ding- Self-Organizing Quantum Neural Network
- Evaluation of a New Incremental Classification Tree Algorithm for Mining High Speed Data Streams
- Reviewer.docx
- Kuliah 3b Siskom RandomProcesses.pdf
- Machine Learning
- Zan Huanga, Hsinchun Chena, Chia-Jung Hsua, Wun-Hwa Chenb, Soushan Wu - Credit Rating Analysis With Support Vector Machines and Neural Networks

You are on page 1of 29

Interpretation

Module 6: Lithology classification

Learning objectives

workflow including the different processes and operations:

Creating classification

Lithology analysis

Lithology prediction

Lesson 1: Introduction to the workflow and class definition

The lithology classification workflow (1)

Three main steps:

3D seismic inversion

Relate seismic related parameters to reservoir parameters with Probability Density

Functions (PDFs) (below) using Lithology Analysis

Generation of lithology prediction volume and its uncertainty using Lithology Prediction

Goal:

Estimate the most HC sand

probable lithology

Sandy

from the seismic shale

attributes

Shale

Sand

The lithology classification workflow (2)

Class definition

First, classes must be defined based on logs to create a Lithoclass log.

Three methods can be used:

Crossplots (most common)

Well log calculator

Supervised Neural network

Lithoclass log

Class definition using crossplot (1)

The first step consists in defining a depth range.

1

Class definition using crossplot (2)

Alternatively, the depth range (or reservoir interval) can be defined using crossplots and

elastic parameters which may help to identify hydrocarbon-related anomalies:

3

4

2

Class definition using crossplot (3)

1

2

3

5

Class definition using crossplot (4)

8

Class definition using the Well log calculator (1)

1 3

Class definition using Neural network (1)

Neural Nets are tools for automatically finding relationships between multiple known parameters

and a single unknown parameter. It is an adaptive system that changes its structure based on

what goes through the network during the learning phase. The Neural net classification allows you

to create a classification model object (for example, facies from well logs).

3

1

2

Note: It is recommended to provide

existing facies interpretation (on a small

interval for example). The process will

extend it to the entire well and other

wells if present.

Exercise 1

calculator.

Display and edit the results if necessary.

Lesson 2: Lithology Analysis

Introduction to Lithology Analysis

Within the same facies, the log response is affected by changes in fluid, saturation, mineralogy,

temperature etc. This is the intrinsic variability of rock properties.

Big challenge in lithology classification:

When we observe a change an attribute change, is it significant or is it just a small

fluctuation within the facies?

the lithoclass log is a

Example of

representative set, a

intrinsic Monte Carlo simulation

variability is performed to express

the intrinsic variability.

Visualization of the Litho Analysis results (1)

The outputs of the Lithology Analysis process are the Probability Density Functions

(PDFs). The less overlapping you have between the different facies, the better.

probability of occurring

around 4000 kPa.s/m in the

“P impedance space”. This

attribute helps us discriminate

the HC sand property from

the other data.

Visualization of the Litho Analysis results (2)

The results can also be interpreted in the 2D/3D space where the data can be plotted

against two or three attributes (multivariate).

2D Plotting mode

1D Plotting mode

3D Plotting mode

QC : The PDF confusion matrix statistics

Goal: Identify if the algorithm has problems when defining the different classes according to the

input data. To get a high-confidence classification results, the values along the diagonal of this

matrix should be as large as possible.

Probability of classifying a

sample of belonging to class I,

given that its true class is J

(Prediction | True).

sample being class I, given that

it was predicted to have class J

(True | Prediction).

Generate the Litho Classification model (1)

Lithoclass

log

1

2

Note: After inserting the lithoclass log you just created, the class names are

automatically populated. The user must set up the prior probability, either

leaving the default value or getting information seismic (structural

interpretation).

Generate the Litho Classification model (2)

The number of bins: how

many bins will be used

when forming the

4 histogram for the attribute.

A high number of bins can

significantly slow the

5 process.

The upscaling factor: The

increase in resolution to

6 apply when interpolating

7 histograms.

The inversion error factor:

Note: Too many bins would limited the results to how much smoothing to

this specific sample when too much smoothing apply to the upscaled

will not capture variability and affect histograms.

discrimination. It is recommended to run a

number of tests.

Generate the Litho Classification model : Results

8

Exercise 2

Display the results in the PDF viewer window

QC the resulst using the PDF confusing matrix

Lesson 3: Lithology Prediction

The Lithology prediction process

Goal: Calibrate the well PDFs to the seismic attributes from the Simultaneous Inversion

process and generate the probability of the lithology given the attribute.

logs are downscaled to the

seismic resolution.

Use of a classifier to form

Maximum A Priori (MAP)

lithology predictions (Kay,

1993) on inversion data.

The largest PDF from the

vector collected at this point

is chosen as the predicted

lithology class.

Use the Lithology prediction process (1)

1

Lithology

Analysis

output

4

3

Note: The output cubes require a continuous template. The template can be

created by clicking the right-hand button (this will be saved in the continuous

other template folder in the Template tab).

Use the Lithology prediction process (2)

6

Use the Lithology prediction process : Results

Exercise 3

QC and identify potential pay interval

Read probability cubes

Review questions

differentiate facies from well logs?

What is the main input of the Litho analysis process?

Why do we use Bayesian approach?

Which window do we use to visualize the PDFs? How many

plotting mode are available?

What is the use of each of the PDF confusion matrix?

What is the main input of the Litho prediction process? How do you

use the different output cubes?

- 1806.02817Uploaded byMelih Kandemir
- Performance of Different Classifiers in Speech RecognitionUploaded byInternational Journal of Research in Engineering and Technology
- Predicting Students’ Performance using K-Median ClusteringUploaded byIntegrated Intelligent Research
- A REVIEW ON DIFFERENT COMPUTING METHOD FOR BREAST CANCER DIAGNOSIS USING ARTIFICIAL NEURAL NETWORK AND DATAMINING TECHNIQUESUploaded byIJAR Journal
- Modeling the Student Success or Failure in Engineering at VUT Using the Date Band AlgorithmUploaded byjournal
- IRJET- User Profile based Behavior Identificaton using Data Mining TechniqueUploaded byIRJET Journal
- MlibUploaded byAkshat Upneja
- Haykin, Simon Kosko, Bart(Eds.) Intelligent Signal Processing 2001Uploaded byThiago Figueiredo
- IEEEFYP2018 Poster Track2 NoorHanaLaili Binti AbdulBasariUploaded byNoorHana Laili Abdul Basari
- A Survey of Machine Learning Algorithm in Network Traffic ClassificationUploaded byseventhsensegroup
- Midterm 2 Practice Problem Solutions v 2Uploaded byVivekDixit
- Textclassificationscikit Learnpycon2011ogrisel 110311132018 Phpapp01Uploaded bytuanpm996
- Churn prediction.pdfUploaded byjbsimha3629
- MC1630_-_DATA_WAREHOUSING_AND_DATA_MININGUploaded byVenu Pmu
- RiGui Zhou,HongYuan Zheng, Nan Jiang,QiuLin Ding- Self-Organizing Quantum Neural NetworkUploaded bydcsi3
- Evaluation of a New Incremental Classification Tree Algorithm for Mining High Speed Data StreamsUploaded bymlaij
- Reviewer.docxUploaded bySudheer Ch
- Kuliah 3b Siskom RandomProcesses.pdfUploaded byBambang Arie S
- Machine LearningUploaded byMeraj Khan
- Zan Huanga, Hsinchun Chena, Chia-Jung Hsua, Wun-Hwa Chenb, Soushan Wu - Credit Rating Analysis With Support Vector Machines and Neural NetworksUploaded byhenrique_oliv
- SPIE - 7627 - 46Uploaded bydhurjaty
- 15.CHAOUploaded byAnonymous PsEz5kGVae
- Neutrosophic Weighted Support Vector Machines for the Determination of School Administrators Who Attended an Action Learning Course Based on Their Conflict-Handling StylesUploaded byAnonymous 0U9j6BLllB
- Comparison of Methods for the Reconstruction of Probability Density Functions From Data SamplesUploaded byHugo Hernández
- Illan_SCAUploaded byFrancisco Jesús Martínez Murcia
- curs 7,8 decision trees.pdfUploaded bySergiu Stascu
- Gabrovo_2008Uploaded bygoremad
- Automated Classification From SRTMUploaded byvikaskamal
- UNIT IIUploaded bypmtally
- IEEE paper for writing.pdfUploaded byAllam Jayaprakash

- Module 1 Rock PhysicsUploaded byAbbas Abdu
- CLASE MIERCOLES 18-2.docxUploaded byAbbas Abdu
- CUBICACIONESUploaded byRodrigo Navarrete Vallejos
- 2dinterp3Uploaded byAbbas Abdu
- Vulcan Tutorials Vulcan Simulation Softw (1)Uploaded byAbbas Abdu
- Channel Tracing25 05Uploaded byAbbas Abdu
- Introduction to Gis WorkbookUploaded byAbbas Abdu
- Vulcan 3D ViewUploaded byAbbas Abdu
- Jan01 Seismic InversionUploaded byAbbas Abdu
- Introduction to GIS Using ArcGIS Desktop 10Uploaded byJie Song

- Frank HansenUploaded bysandia_docs
- Electromagnetic Interference Reduction in Printed Circuit Boards by Using Metamaterials a Conduction and Radiation Impact AnalysisUploaded byApikShafiee
- lesson 3 y8 9 june 2017Uploaded byapi-350901417
- Primal-Dual Interior Point Method ReportUploaded byjayroldparcede
- Pile Cap 80-80Uploaded byBahran
- Report.docxUploaded byBinay Shah
- Plan BasicUploaded bySajeev Ram
- An Approach to Parallel ProcessingUploaded byEditor IJRITCC
- Ed Tech 2: Handouts (Bachelor of Secondary Education)Uploaded byJunior Payatot
- Guide to Derelicted Places - (Todd Sipes)Uploaded bybeattomahawk
- d120 Ewd LhdUploaded bymike2581
- AppleUploaded byauggi
- Out Put Details and ExamplesUploaded byWormInch
- A Diagnostic Tree for Improving Production Line PerformanceUploaded bytoltecayotl
- Seven Principles of Quality Management as Per ISO 9001-2015Uploaded byxyalfaxy
- HIGH STRENGTH STRUCTURAL BOLT ASSEMBLIES TO AS/NZS 1252Uploaded byJosh Maizidian
- CV - Jesper LeklandUploaded byJesper Lekland
- 2005_Tuning PID Controllers using the ITAE.pdfUploaded byademargcjunior
- Lab Exp 2Uploaded byNumanAbdullah
- Auto Mesh 2 d ManualUploaded bylatec
- 269pUploaded byAnonymous 9kzuGaY
- NavisworksM10_PPT_WhatsNewUploaded byannguyen202
- Ibra AhmosUploaded byMohamed I. Eldesouki
- Product ECCN Matrix - 2011Uploaded bysagarsrinivas
- 7 Principles of System EngineeringUploaded bylorindal
- Air Circuit Breakers - AH TypeUploaded bySanjay Joshi
- f, t testUploaded byKamini Gupta
- PSR2000_EUploaded byRamon Paz
- Factors Affecting Cost Performance of Construction in IndiaUploaded byabsoluto_1
- FFT(MATLAB)Uploaded bysamoov