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By: Manav Gotecha

Subject: Drought
Roll no: 13
DROUGHT
 What do you mean by drought?

 The word drought instantly brings image of dry, parched land, no

rainfall, crop failures, starvation and bad living conditions to our mind.

 In simple terms, drought is a condition of acute scarcity of water, food,

fodder, and employment due to scanty rainfall in an area.


 This has increased the average

temperature and caused climate changes

to the earths atmosphere and also causes

drought.
Types o f drought
 There are 3 types of drought. They are as follows:
M e t e o r o l o g i c a l drought
 Meteorological d rought is generally defined by compar ing the
rainfall in a particular place and at a particular time.

 This happens when the actual rainfall in an area is significantly


less than the climatological mean of that area.

 Meteorological drought leads to soil moisture and this always has


an effect on crops production.
h y d r o l o g i c a l drought
 Hydrological Drought is associated with the affect of low rainfalls on
water level in reservoirs, rivers & lakes .

 This type of d rought are noticed sometim es after a meteorology


drought.

 A hydrological drought change in water level affects eco-system.


a g r i c u l t u r a l drought
 Agricultural drought occurs when there isn’t enough water for a crop
to grow at the particular time.

 This type of d rought doesn’t depend only in the amount of rainfalls


where water is used carelessly for irrigation and other purpose.
history o f drought

PERIOD DROUGHT YEARS NUMBER


OF DROUGHT
1801-1830 1801, 1804, 1806, 1812, 1819, 6
1825
1831-1860 1832, 1833, 1837, 1853, 1860 5
1861-1890 1862, 1866, 1868, 1873, 1877, 6
1883
1891-1920 1891, 1897, 1899, 1901, 1904, 10
1905, 1907, 1911, 1918, 1920
1921-1950 1939, 1941 2
1951-1980 1951, 1965, 1966, 1971, 1972, 7
1974, 1979
1981-2010 1982, 1987, 2002, 2009 4
Some o f t h e a r e a s p ro n e t o d r o u g h t
Drought-in-Maharashtra: Marathwada region

Auran g abad
Nanded
Latur
Jalna
Beed
Parbhani
Os m an abad
Hingoli
Drought-in-Karnataka: Chitradurga-Bijapur
Bibliography

1. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Drought
2. https://drought.unl.edu/Education/DroughtIn-
depth/TypesofDrought.aspx
3. https://www.livescience.com/21469-drought-
definition.html
4. Drought Images from https://www.google.com