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Past Future

Present

Adverb Clauses of Time


By: Dr. Shadia Y. Banjar http://www.kau.edu.sa/SBANJER
http://wwwdrshadiabanjar.blogspot.com

Dr. Shadia Y. Banjar 1


Adverb Clauses of Time

What is an Adverb?
What is a Clause?
What is an Adverb Clause?

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An adverb is a word that describes or adds
to the meaning of a verb, an adjective and
another adverb, etc.

A clause is a group of related words


containing a subject and a verb.

A clause forms a sentence or part of a


sentence and often functions as a noun, an
adjective or an adverb.
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Adverb Clauses

ADVERB CLAUSES are called ADVERB CLAUSES


because they function to describe or define the why,
how, when, or conditions under which something
happens.
ADVERB CLAUSES are easy to identify because they
begin with the SUBORDINATING CONJUNCTIONS
you’re already used to identifying, words like: AFTER, IF,
SINCE, WHEN, BECAUSE, ALTHOUGH, UNTIL.
ADVERB CLAUSES can appear anywhere in a
sentence: as the sentence opener, between the
SUBJECT and PERFORMING VERB of the
INDEPENDENT CLAUSE, or as the sentence closer.
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Types of adverb clauses:

Adverb Clause of Time


Adverb Clause of Reason
Adverb Clause of Concession
Adverb Clause of Contrast
Adverb Clause of Result
Adverb Clause of Purpose
Adverb Clause of Place
Adverb Clause of Manner

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Adverb Clauses of Time

Form:

These clauses are introduced

by an adverb of time such as

when, whenever, while, as, before, after, till,

until, since and as soon as.

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Adverb Clauses of Time
Examples:

 When he comes, he will tell us the story.

 Monica was reading while Tom was writing.

 The lecture started as we arrived.

 I will stay with the baby until you come home.

 After she had got the money, she bought the

car.

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Analysis:

Ex. When the phone rang, the baby woke up.

Notice: this sentence consists of a subordinate clause followed


by a main clause.
The subordinate clause is a dependent clause begins with
what is called a subordinating conjunction. This causes
the clause to be dependent upon the rest of the sentence
for its meaning; it cannot stand by itself.

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