You are on page 1of 45

| |

  


 
    
       
| |

r |  
r | !"
r | !"
r | #$%&
        | |

Tema
Etapa Inicio Actitud Filósofos
principal
Tales de
Mileto
Antigua Siglo VI a.C. Asombro Mundo
Platón
Aristóteles
Agustín de
Hipona
Medieval Cristianismo Fe Dios
Tomás de
Aquino
Descartes
Moderna Siglo XVI Duda Kant Hombre
Hegel
Imposibilidad
Contemporán Muerte de Nietzsche
Ambigüedad de un saber
ea Hegel (1831) Heidegger
absoluto
Jónica
Eleática
Escuelas Pitagórica
Atomista
Sofistas

Sócrates
Platón
Aristóteles

Epicureísmo
Estoicismo
 | |  ' (

p    

p  

 
  

  
  


p   p
 
p !p  !  p 
" #$ p %
r &' p

 

" (
 


 

r )*
 p
+


, -.",/ (
 0 12p 
 
3, (
r '  p 
 
 
 
 
r 
  0

p
+
*
 

03/-4
 2" 

 

 | )|*  !+
 # 

 

6 
&
* 
&  ,
, p 
 

."
5
 
   
  
 ,
  0 1
!   

  
 ,
*    
.  '3'1
 ( 

& 


 

-".   3,0


"/ "/
-% " . -%  .

 !
0' #

r 
 ,  r 


r

.1 
r!0  
 r+


r 
 (0 .,

1 
rp 0
,(  r7
,
 . '3 '1 
 

!   
&


.  ,3  





  1
.  + 
  
,

   
  
( 1
p  p   
 p 

p   
         

p            

p             


   
                 
p    
  
            
 

     

                


       

p    




p        


/

.   
,


 3
 
 (1
p

'7
.  
 3'1
à 
  
    à     à

p  

   p

V !      


 
  "

      "

    


  "

      "

      "

    


V !     
   

  #  
 $ 1  % $

 % $*
  
   
/
0
 "" %
% 
 2 3 
   %$ "
 "  
%

$*   "  *


%   % $* 3  %42
  %  "2 1  $

(/ " #*


 "" "
$
r 

r8  
r6(  

r9  "
.  1
r# 
( 7&   

r ( ,*,
r  9  79    
r 9+7 

r :
7   0

r  

„ 

 

„ 




 

 
 
 
„
  „  
 
 !

 !  
„ 
„  
 
"
#
 $ 
#
 $   %  
% &'(
V :
*
&  
*

    *
,     ( 

"  


   

   -678986:27


   
   ,
   ,  / " 
% ,  
 ,  #9
    5""
# "" " V 2 
  .  1  #/
 +  " $
,      +
 ,      # "" " 
p & $ 9
r  Ä  r   5* 

     % " ;%"; 
r   %2 /   2%

     
r   r % "  5  

      
 $2  " 1 

 "&
 $& " 3 
  <   
ƒ "  "  &
ƒ "  " " /
ƒ "  '!!   /9
/
ƒ "  ""
  / " 2/  
$ "  =  " " 
' " 
 $& " 3  ->??79?@8.
= "    % %  * 
$  &  % " 1
A  % " " 3  &
 %   4/ 1 
 $& " 3 
ƒ B  '!  ,  " 
2 " 3     %


ƒ   3     4 % 


$

ƒ  "" C $9 


 %D 2= "  

ƒ   1 4/  B*  A1*


""

 *  
ƒ   B "  C3    
   0


, 
  +
3 2  "9 % "   , 
$ % "$/
ƒ  $ "" "" 
    * "   
 

ƒ    % "   


$ "  B " 

ƒ  " 3   B


ƒ"  3  B 3    *
% 3  "    "  $$

ƒ " %   "  "


 E

ƒ    2 %3   


   3  " 3   A1
%$  

ƒ
*  A2" %$  *  A1
 "  *   3  &
 " 3  1 A
,  | | ! 
  "  <5    $" "    
      $ $& $% 3  
 % 

  $$ $ 3       $" %


B%  /$*   %  $"
 %    "4 " $

  B 2   4 " $ 1


 $" %$   "$/

% " " $ 1 $%$* " 


"    %4  $" "  $
%  $" ""  B$& 1 $ $
"% $"  $$&

 $%$ %  $" "  B%$* %%


"   "   4
 $
r $'

r ;  +

p  
       
  
    

p           


# " $

r #4   %" "  4/


r  / "  "  - $.
r '4/ " $" /9$$& % B%  4$
1 " $% % $  "   %2
r  %/ " " &* $  $$ -,".*
 $ -%4.   %$ / -24.
r # 1 $ &
r !$ " 
$  (



p,
 
 0 



90
 


. 3
  
3

,7
<
1
.&  
1
 $"
 , '
  

 ,*7
&-(27= 
  
( 3 



0
>
-*27=(




   ,
<  >
-0
27=  

 
 +    ,<
*
 * < >
9
-+27=
  
( 
3
'   
>
  !     
$%       "  
&'(%      "  0


  = 3


, 
  - 3 
*
. 
 /
 
> 

 
  
 
  
 
 
7
 3 

      0 
,
35
)%           

 
,

  7 
-
2
*+(% 
,5

V      - 2
 ,
  
      
*
      
+
!     
   "
      (
  
   "1      (
  (

     3 

7
V1$+%   "   
(  (

0 
*+(%  0 !     (
       
 (

    
  "
r $$ -,". $/
r | "" " $$* $/ " = 
  $$ "  &$   *
"" $ % $ 3   $
  " 9 " $"
r $ -%4. " 3  $ 3 
"  $   "  "
  " =  B2 3   & 
"   " %   " " 
"" 
r %$ / -24.
 $%$
| +
  $
FA G
, +G1   $% /  2 
  "  4/* "$/   $
1 /   %2"" &"
  &$2 "  B%

p  
    

  




     



 
 

   
p  
(       2* 2*    !     

V      3 " !     #"

&          

& 3  


      
       
               

   !  3     


        &


90
 





90


&      
           
   

(            


     
  3 
         
()

: p ?
9
0


 2=$ " $




 
 3
   
  <
 0

 B% $ H   " $


   

  
  ,<
,
   



/ " $ "  



   
 (
 3,*
3 p
  @
,.

 $ A $  $"  B%   $


   ,   
   
 $$
r I$ F$
r FA J1
r #A " 

El conocimiento es un instrumento de acción.


 % 2 "  "" "  %%/  
"" %&

Todas las creencias tienen que ser juzgadas por su


utilidad, como reglas para predecir las experiencias.
p&  A

r 
9 

r ()
r B

r & 
( 
  0, 
  
0   
 (

 
  
(  
0

  0  
  


 
r p,(   

*
 
& 
( p
r pCD



r ;
$

r    
(* 
3
(,
r $
 

  ,
0 
 
p$ " 9
r !) p(,<
(p



  &
'


r !4 B  



 
 
 )
 
p   
 
 |$
r )
r 
)

u   


   

 
    
    

   
  
   


  

 
þ  %%

    " 


 "4 "  $ 

u  u 
      "  A  

   = "  $ 

 


   

 %  

 9$  *
 *  
  
|  
r $ $ %% " 2"" 
 

  B& 
r &&  


 0




 
< 
r   ,

 03  , 
 
 ( 
 (
r  , 3  
 (
 

3 

r &   (  3(   
3@
  (   @
r ,  
   ( 3  
  @" 
  (   @
r & +& 
   
 

0  
"#  $  & 9
r  

r :&

r 
  
 ,0 

r 
 3
 #$

 $ "  


,
=  "" 2=
3
   " A$2



#/ "
$
|/
$%

"/

# 
9  
 0
r 9  

  (
r 3   


r    


r 
*
 
 
r &      
   
 $

  $  $ "
%* %%* 1* *
  $ " 
%"$* * *
2" $  " " 
/ 

*

  
 
$ " $


p
 0
pp

 %/

A