You are on page 1of 20






|   
a 
 

a 

  

In the beginning«
‡ In the beginning there was Internet
‡ WRONG
‡ There was pre-internet with information
systems and e-mail
‡ From 1945 computers came in use for
numerical tasks such as bookkeeping,
census, scientific calculation
‡ It aroused a slew of predictions
a 

  

Predictions
‡ Electronic banking
‡ Electronic publishing
‡ Electronic books
‡ Translation machines
‡ Electronic commerce
‡ Car navigation

Memex
Vannevar Bush 1945
a 

  

echnological developments
‡ Mainframes, mini-computers and PCs
a 

  

Ô n- p to online
‡ Linking up machines by modems
‡ Networkprotocols (ASCII)
‡ Packet switch network technology
a 

  

Dtart online information ind stry


‡ USA, 1972
± Lockheed with Dialog
± SDC
± BRS (1978)
‡ Europe
± ESA/IRS
± FIZ
± Questel
± Pergamon/BOC-Datasolve
a 

  

Dtart online in NL
‡ 1967: Study computer editorial staff of
Excerpta Medica
‡ 1977: Online intermediairies: VOGIN
‡ 1977: legal database project by Kluwer
± Bull computer
± STATUS retrieval software
a 

  

 ltiple technologies (1977-)


‡ ASCI
‡ Videotex
‡ CD-media
a 

  

-D II
‡ ASCII databases and services
‡ E-mail
‡ Bulletin board system

‡ ASCII market: scientific and professional (Dialog,


SDC, ESA)
‡ ASCII consumer market: Compuserve, The
Source
‡ E-mail: professional
‡ Bulletin board systems: hobby
a 

  

èideotex
‡ Prestel (UK)
‡ Viditel (NL)
‡ Bildschirmtext (GE)
‡ Minitel (FR)

‡ Market: SME and residential


a 

  

Packaged online
‡ Magnetic tape
‡ Floppy discs
‡ Optical media
a 

  

-media
‡ Laser disk
‡ CD-ROM
± Philips CARIN navigation
‡ CD-i
‡ Electronic Book
a 

  

 ltiple technologies (1980-)


- 
ASCII databases ASCII prtocol Sci + buss
E-mail ASCII protocol Buss
BBS ASCII protocol Hobbyists
 

 SME +
VTX VTX protocol residential
E-mail VTX prtocol Not used
 

MM MMPC consumer
a 

  

onf sion in the market


‡ 1988-1994
± ASCII vs videotex
± Videotex vs teletext
± Online vs offline
± OSI vs TCP/IP

± Spectacular rise of PC
a 

  

Ôise of internet
‡ 1982: TCP/IP
‡ 1990: WWW
‡ 1992: first non-academic servers
‡ 1994: marketing
a 

  

=ne protocol
‡ Change-over from ASCII to Internet
‡ Change-over of Bulleting Board Systems in
favour of Internet (The Well)
‡ Disappearance of videotex
‡ Electronic books from mini-discs to internet

‡ One protocol: TCP/IP


a 

  

hy s ch a fast change-over?


‡ In less than 7 years more internet users than vtx users
‡ There was a rise of PC users between 1988 and 1994
‡ Traditional companies hardly noticed Internet and missed the
boat
‡ Traditional online was bound to state companies (PTT) or
private companies
‡ Traditional systems were authoritarian; internet offered freedom
of form and media
‡ There was an influx of students who had learned to work with
internet; the influx was larger in numbers than the users of
traditional information systems
‡ Microsoft bundled the first Internet Explorer in the upgrade of
Windows in 1996
a 

  

hat became of the predictions?


‡ Electronic banking started to take off
‡ Electronic publishing
± Electronic newspapers
and magazines
± Electronic books
‡ Translation machines
± Systran
± Babel fish
‡ E-Commerce
‡ Car navigation
a 

  

-rcheology of new media


‡ Need to document the history of new media
‡ Industrial heritage
‡ Need to conserve content products by
emulations e.g.; need to conserve content
related artefacts
‡ Make new generations
aware of Pre-internet
è= Electronic edia Ôeporting

|ak Boumans BA, MDiv.


jak@euronet