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Graduate Biomechanics

Biomechanics of Throwing
Fall 2007
Applied Biomechanics

Biomechanics of Throwing
Objectives in Throwing Activities

• Maximum Distance
Applied Biomechanics

Biomechanics of Throwing
Objectives in Throwing Activities

• Maximum Distance

•Maximum Accuracy
Applied Biomechanics

Biomechanics of Throwing
Objectives in Throwing Activities

• Maximum Distance
• Maximum Accuracy
•Speed and Accuracy
Applied Biomechanics

Biomechanics of Throwing
Maximum Distance

Determining Factors
Release velocity
Release angle
Release Height
Aerodynamics
Applied Biomechanics

Biomechanics of Throwing
Maximum Distance

Determining Factors
Release velocity

Greater release velocities produce greater distance


Applied Biomechanics

Biomechanics of Throwing
Maximum Distance

Determining Factors
Release velocity
Release angle

Gravity produces a constant


acceleration that acts on the
projectile from release to
landing, causing the projectile to
follow the path of a parabola.
Applied Biomechanics

Biomechanics of Throwing
Maximum Distance

Determining Factors
Release velocity Angle

Release angle

Optimum release angles produce


the greatest distances Distance
Applied Biomechanics

Biomechanics of Throwing
Maximum Distance

Determining Factors
Release velocity
Release angle
Release Height

Greater release heights produce greater distance


Applied Biomechanics

Biomechanics of Throwing
Maximum Distance

Determining Factors
Release velocity
Release angle
Release Height Lift
Aerodynamics
Applied Biomechanics

Biomechanics of Throwing
Maximum Accuracy

Determining Factors
Release Point
Throwing Arc
Applied Biomechanics

Biomechanics of Throwing
Maximum Accuracy

Release Point
Determining Factors
Release Point
Applied Biomechanics

Biomechanics of Throwing
Maximum Accuracy

Determining Factors
Release Point

The ball follows a path that


is a tangent to the release
point on the arc of the
throwing motion.
Applied Biomechanics

Biomechanics of Throwing
Maximum Accuracy
Determining Factors
Release Point
Throwing Arc
Applied Biomechanics

Biomechanics of Throwing
Speed and Accuracy

Determining Factors
Kinetic Chain
Throwing Arc
Release Point
Aerodynamics
Applied Biomechanics

Biomechanics of Throwing
Aerodynamics – “The Curve Ball”

Why Does a Ball Curve in Flight ?????

The Magnus Effect


Applied Biomechanics

Biomechanics of Throwing
The Magnus Effect

High Pressure

Related Factors
Ball Velocity – linear
Ball Velocity – angular
Surface Roughness
Low Pressure
Applied Biomechanics

Biomechanics of Throwing

The Magnus Effect