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Position in galvanic series:
ÿ  en two metals are electrical contact in
presence of an electrolyte t e more active metal
undergoes corrosion.
ÿ T e rate depends on t e difference in t eir
position in galvanic series.
ÿ Greater t e difference is t e faster t e corrosion
of t e anode.
Over voltage:
ÿ  en a metal, w ic occupies ig position in
galvanic series, is placed in 1N H2SO4 it
corrodes and produces small EMF. If a few
drops of CuSO4 is added corrosion rate
accelerates.
ÿ Relative areas of anodic and cat odic parts:
Corrosion rate is rapid, w en anodic areas are
small because of t e demand for e-.

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Purity of t e metal:
Impurities in t e metal cause eterogeneity and form
electroc emical cells.
P ysical state:
T e smaller t e grain-size of metal is greater will be
solubility, ence rate of corrosion increases.
Nature of surface film:
It can be explained based on t e specific volume
ratio.
Specific volume ratio = vol. of metal oxide / vol. of
metal
Greater t e specific volume ratio, lesser t e
oxidation.
Solubility: Solubility increases t e rate of corrosion.
Volatility: Volatility increases t e rate of corrosion.

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Temperature:
ÿ Corrosion rate increases wit increasing temperature.
Humidity:
ÿ As t e umidity present in t e air increases corrosion rate
increases. Critical umidity is t e relative umidity above
w ic t e atmosp eric corrosion rate of metal increases
s arply.
Presence of t e impurities:
ÿ If t e impurities like CO2, SO2, H2S etc. increases rate
corrosion.
ÿ Presence of suspended particles also increases rate
corrosion

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