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Krystine Anne V.

Dagal, RN, MD

The World Health Organization states that: "Sanitation generally refers to the provision of facilities and services for the safe disposal of human urine and feces. Inadequate sanitation is a major cause of disease world-wide and improving sanitation is known to have a significant beneficial impact on health both in households and across communities..

SANITATION - Hygienic means of promoting health through prevention of human contact with the hazards of wastes.

ENVIRONMENTAL SANITATION - Is a set of actions geared towards improving the quality of the environment and reducing the amount of disease. - the control of environmental factors that form links in disease transmission. * GOAL Living conditions will improve and health problems will decrease

Process used to dispose of garbage How waste is disposed varies based on living conditions and the accepted standard of living in a geographical area when proper disposal and treatment methods are followed, disease and pollution can usually be reduced.

When waste is not removed and treated properly, pollution may lead to the spread of disease.

1. 2. 3. 4.

Management of water waste Management of solid waste Management of industrial waste Air pollution and noise control

Water supply can directly impact pollution and the spread of disease 2 sources of water: - Ground water - Surface water

Both require treatment before being consumed because various chemicals, particles, and biological contaminants, like bacteria, can enter the water.

Many developed countries have water treatment plants where drinking water is cleaned of dirt and particles, disinfected, and stored until needed. This water may be run through pipes directly to homes and business. Other methods of treating water include boiling it or treating it with chemicals to kill harmful bacteria.

In addition to other sources, water can become contaminated from household trash and human waste. If waste is not disposed of properly, it can mix with water in the ground or with surface water that might be collected for drinking and cooking.

When people drink tainted water, it can spread disease or even cause new outbreaks.

Every day, people throw away a large amount of garbage, which is usually referred to as solid waste.

Some common ways to dispose of the garbage include incarceration, which is the burning of waste, or landfills, which are places to store waste. Daily life in industrialized nations can generate several pounds of solid waste per consumer, not only directly in the home, but indirectly in factories that manufacture goods purchased by consumers.

Solid waste management includes the construction of facilities to recycle these goods, which include scrap metal, glass, cans, paper, plastics, wood, and similar materials.

Another category is toxic waste; waste which could potentially contaminate the environment, meaning that it needs to be handled with care. This category includes electronic waste, a growing problem in many industrialized nations.

Next is green waste such as compost and yard clippings. People with land can compost their own green waste, and many cities collect it separately from true garbage, the final category, so that the green waste can be composted and returned to the earth.

majority of solid waste is collected in bins ranging in size from household trash cans to industrial dumpsters which are filled by individuals or companies. Trucks that roam in their schedules Street sweeping agencies Then waste is routed to recycling agency, toxic waste facility, composting center, and to the incinerators.

When factories or businesses dispose of chemical and physical waste in ways that directly affect the environment drainage and rainfall can cause chemicals and physical waste to mix with the water supply and pollute it.

Air pollution can affect a person's ability to breathe, which can potentially increase the number of lung and heart problems in the members of a community.

Irritating and excessive noise in the environment can also cause anxiety attacks or lead to distractions, among other things, which can lead to accidents and other potentially hazardous situations.

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Individuals should avoid wasting water. They can do this by taking shorter showers, not leaving the water running, and using only when water is needed.

People should recycle as much as possible to reduce waste. Many major cities offer recycling for plastic, paper, and glass products.

Individuals can walk, ride a bike, or carpool to reduce air pollution.

Each person can educate others on ways to help improve the environment.

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), there are four areas that must be reviewed in order for environmental sanitation to be effective:

planning water supply Sanitation, and; Hygiene education.

polluters must pay.


A clean and healthy environment is for the good of all and should, therefore, be the concern of all.

Utilize environmentally-sound methods that maximize the utilization of valuable resources and encourage resource conservation and recovery