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1
1.1



ZSR

Z=gRSRS

1-1

Z
Z0
Z0
Z0

RS Z0

1.2

(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)

50
Pr
Pr=PZ0
Pf
Pf=PZ<0

Pr= 1Pf

1-2
1-3
1-4

1.3

1-1
4.511

1.4

(1)

n
1-5
0 ( G SG Q SQ Q ci SQ ) R
k

1k

i 2

ik

0 ( G SG Q ci SQ ) R
k

i 1

1-6

ik

0100
1.150
1.050.9

G
1.21.35
1.0

Q1, Qi1i
1.44.0kN/m2
1.30
S

SQ1k1
SQiki

cii1
RR=Rk/RRkRQ235
1

R=1.087Q345Q390Q420R=1.111

1-7

0 ( G SG Q SQ ) R
k

i 1

ik

=0.9
=1.0
1-6

(2)

SdC
Sd
C

1-8

S d SGk SQ1k ci SQik

1-9

i 2

1.5

max

min

max


=max- min

min
b
1-1

n
1n

log

2n
n

logn

a
1-2

2n

-n

[ 1-2b]
log n b m log

1-10

log n b m log 2 n

1-11

b n
m

log n

log n


(1-11)
1-12
97.7% t 95%

2


1

1-12

max min
max 0.7 min


1-14
1-11
b 2 n

10

n

1
m

C

n

1
m

1-13

, m ,

1-14

n
C 1-3
C

1-3

1940
10 12
4

861
10 12
4

3.26
10 12
3

2.18
10 12
3

1.47
10 12
3

0.96
10 12
3

0.65
10 12
3

0.41
10 12
3

(1-14) C

n

n

f 210

1-15

n 2 10 6

1-14
n 2 10 6
f

21 0

1.0

0.8 0.5

2
2.1 :

2.2
(1) : fyfu
(2) :
2

(3) :Cv
(4)
(5)

2.3
(1)
Fe99%
1%5%
C S P ON Mn Si

(2)

(3)

(4)

(5)
(6)
2

(7)
2.4

(1)
QN/mm2
Q235AF235Nmm2A
Q235-Bb235Nmm2BQ235-C235Nmm2C

5
Q345Q390Q420

Q345-B345Nmm2BQ390D390Nmm2D

()
454040B2020MnTiB

(2)

0.35~4mm4.5~60mm60mm
(4~60mm12~200mm)
mm450831004508

HH

1.5~12mm
2mm
]ZZ
C

3
3.1

3-1
3.2

T3-2

3-3
GB50205

20
200mm

3-1a 3-1b

3.3
IVVVY
UVY3-4

1
Nlwtfwtfwc
(3-1)
N
lw
2t
t T;
ftw fcw
85%
2
MWw fwt
(3-2)
VSIwt fwV
(3-3)
(3-4)
zs B2 3 B2 1.1 f t w

3.4
(1)
9001350600
3-5

he 90o he 0.7 hf >90o


he hf cos( /2)
(2)
hf
hf1.5 t tmm1mm
hf1.2
t 6mm hf t t >6mm hf t (1~2)mm 3-6
lw8hf40mm 60hf
(3)

2
f

( x2 y2 x y ) z2 f fw

f f

(3-5)

1.22

f 1.0

x y
z

(4)
3-7

N
f f fw
he l w

(3-6)

V
f fw
he l w

(3-7)

lw2hf

36N1N N137

3-8

Ww

f f fw

(3-8)

Ww
3-9

T rA
J

J J=IxIy
rAAo

(3-9)

Axy

T
Ax

T rAy

TAy

T rAx
J

(
3

)
f

( ) 2 f fw

(3-10)

3.5
3-11:
1

3-11
(a) (b) (c)

3-2
3-2

( )

8d 0 12 t
16d 0 24 t

12d 0 18 t

16d 0 24 t

3d 0

2d 0

4d 0 8 t

: 1. d0 t
2. ()

1.5d 0
1.5d 0
1.2d 0

3.6
1.

3-12
1

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

1-1
3-12

(e)

a (b) (c)d (e)

N nv
b
v

d2
4

f vb

3-11

3-12

N cb d t f cb

[ N ] bv min{ N vb , N cb }
3

3-13

n v 3-13 n v =1 n v =2 n v =4
t 3-13
b t min{(a c) b} 3-13c
t min{(ace)(bd)}

f vb

d
f cb

(a)

(b)
3-13

(a) (b) (c)

(c)



f t b f 0.8
f t b =0.8f

Q Pf

Pf

Pf Pf

2N

2N

b
3-14

N
b
t

d e2

f t b Ae f t b

4
d e A e

f t b

3-14

2.

(3-15a)
l1

(3-15b)
3

l1

l1 15d0
=1.1l1/150d0 l1 60d0
0.7


n = N /N bmin

(3-15)

= N /Anf

(3-16)

3-18

T N 1T r1 N 2T r2 N nT rn
o r

NT
N 1T
NT
2 n
r1
r2
rn

N 1T

N 1Tx

T r1

ri 2

T r1
x i2 y i2

T y1
N 1Ty
2
2
xi yi

N 1 T
N 1T [ N ] bv

T x1
x i2 y i2
3-17


xy

N1

( N 1 x ) 2 ( N 1 y ) 2 [ N ] bv

(3-18)


n = N / N tb

(3-19)

N 1M

M y1
m y i2

3-20

m 3-19 m=2
y i
y 1

3-19

M = Ve VNt(3-20)

(
3

Nv 2
N
) ( bt ) 2 1
b
Nv
Nt

Nv

V
N cb
n

3-21
3-22

(3-20)

3-20

3.7
1.


0.9

5%~10%0.9
3

1/1.20.9

0 .9 0 .9 0 .9
f u A e 0 . 608 f u A e
1 .2

f u 8.8 f u =830
N/mm2 10.9 f u =1040 N/mm2
A e
5kN 3-3
P(kN)

3-3

(mm)

M16

M20

M22

M24

M27

M30

8.8

80

125

150

175

230

280

10.9

100

155

190

225

290

355



3-4

3-4

Q235

Q345 Q390

Q420

( )

0.45

0.50

0.50

( )

0.35

0.40

0.40

( )

0.45

0.50

0.50

0.30

0.35

0.40

2.

N Vb 0 . 9 n f P

3-23

0.9 R 1/ R =1/1.111=0.9
n f

3-4
P 3-3


(3-11)(3-12)
3.

(3-15)N bmin(3-23)


(3-21)50%
11

N N 0 .5

0 .5 n1
N
n 1 N (1
)
n
n

3-24

n
n 1
N(3-16)

3-21

4.

0.8P7%

N bt = 0.8 P

(3-25)

n = N / N bt = N / (0.8 P)

(3-26)


(322)
N1M = M y1 / m yi2

(3-27)

(3-19)

3-22

5.

Nv
Nt

1
N vb
N tb

N v N t
N vb N tb 3-23

3-28

3-25

Nv 2
Nt 2
)

(
) 1
N vb
N tb

Nv

V
N cb 1.2
n

3-29
3-30

N vb N t b N c b

4
4.1
4-1(a)H
T4-1(b)
4-1(c)
4-1(d)
4

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)
4-1
(a) ; (b) ; (c) ; (d)

4.2

N
f
An

4-1

N
A n
f

m a x =3 0

fy
(b)

(a)
4-2
(a) (b)

3-24

l0

i

4-2

l 0
i
[ ] 4-1 4-2

4-1

1
2
3

250

350

250

200

300

350

400

4-2

150

200

4.3

l0l
l0=l 43
Nu

=Nu/(Afy)

p76

N
f
A

4-3

N
A



=l 0 /i= l/i(i i I / A )
4


235
/ f y / E
4-3

GB50017
abcd 4-3 acd
b a
c
d

abcd 4-4

4-3 GB50017

Perry

2
1
1
1 1 0 / 2
1 1 0 / 2 1 / 2
2
4

0
0
4

0.215 20 235 / f y
a
b

0 0.152 0.014
0 0.300 0.035

0 0.595 0.094

1.05

0 0.302 0.216 1.05

0 0.915 0.132 1.05


d

0 0.432 0.375 1.05

0.215

20 235 / f y Perry
c

1 1 2

1 a 0.41 b 0.65 c 0.73 d


1.35
fy

1
x l0 x / i x

y l0 y / i y

4-4

l 0x l 0y x y
i x i y x y
4

x y 5.07b/tb/t

2
y

x 4-4 yz
y

1 2
yz
y 2z

2
y

2 2
z

42y 2z 1 e02 i02

2z i02 A I t / 25 .7 I / l2
i02 e02 ix2 i y2

1
2

4-5
4-6

e 0
i 0

y
z
I t
I T I 0
4

l l = l
3

y
y y

4.4

H
1
b / t 10 0.1 235 / f y

4-7

30 30 100

100
2
h0 / t w 25 0.5 235 / f y

4-8a

h 0 t w
30 30 100 100

3 T T
H 4-74-8b4-8c
T

h0 / t w 15 0.2 235 / f y

4-8b

h0 / t w 13 0.7 235 / f y

4-8c

4-8a
4 ( )
4

40 235 / f y
5

D / t 100 235 / f y

4-9

4-1 4-4
4.2m1000kNQ235
E43

l x = l y =4.2mf=215N/mm2

A=2251220.6=63.2cm 2
I x =225111.5 2 0.622 3 /12=7144.9cm 4
ix

4200

I y =2125 /12=2604.2cm
I x / A 10.63cm i y I y / A 6.42cm

10 x

10

250

y
240

x = l x /i x =420/10.63=39.5<[ ]=150
y = l y /i y =420/6.42=65.4<[ ]=150

4-4 4-1

x y b x =0.901 y =0.778 = y =0.778

N
1000

10 203 .4 N/mm 2 f 215 N/mm 2


A 0.778 63.2

b 1 /t=(12.50.3)/1=12.2<100.165.4=16.5
h 0 /t w=(242)/0.6=36.7<25+0.565.4=57.7

4.5
(1)

4-5
4-6(a)
4

4-6(b) 4-6(c)
4-5(a)(b)(c) y
4-5(a)(b)(c) x 4-5(d) xy

x
y

x
y

x
y

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

4-5

l1
l1

l1

(a)

(b)

(c)

4-6

(2)

1%

0xx
x

0 x 2x 27 A / A1x

4-10

0 x 2x 12

4-11

x x
A
4

A 1x x

1
4-6 l 1

5
5.1

5-1

(a)

(g)

(b)

(c)

(h)

(d)

(i)

(e)

(j)

(f)

(k)

5-1


5-2
5-3

h/2

1 1
~ l
6 5

l
5-2

5-3

5.2



(1)

fy
y

f y

fy

fy

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

5-4

M e =W n f y

5-1

M p =Wpn f y
Wpn =S 1n +S 2n

5-2
5-3

5-1 5-2 M p M e
F=W pn /W n
F=1.5 F=1.7
F=1.27F=1.10~1.17

x y
F x 1.05 y 1.2
5

Mx
f
xWnx

5-4

My
Mx

f
xWnx yWny

5-5

Mx My x y

W nx W ny x y
f

x = y =1.0

VS
fv
It w

5-6

hy

5
lz
h0

tw

lz

tw

lz

hy

hy hR

lz

a1 a

(a)

(b)
c

5-5

[ 5-5
a ] [ 5-5 b ]
h y 1:2.5
h R 1:1 c

F
c
f
t wl z

5-7

=1.35
=1.0
lz
l z =a+5h y +2h R l z =a+2.5h y +a 1
a 50mm
h y
h R h R =0

a 1 2.5 h y


4

2 c2 c 3 2 1 f

5-8

c
=M x /W nx h 0 /h
1 c c =0

1 =1.1 c 1 =1.2

v [v]

5-9

v
[v] 5-2

5-2

[v T ]

[v Q ]

1
1

2
3
4

2
3

l/500
l/800
l/1000
l/1200

l/400

38kg/m

l/600
l/400

24kg/m
3
1
2
3 1 2

l/400
l/250
l/250

l/150
l/200
l/200
l/150

l/500
l/350
l/300

5.3
1

M cr

M cr

2 EI y
l2

I
GI t l 2

I y 2 EI y

5-10

I t =At 1 2 /3 I =I y h 2 /4
E=206000N/mm 2 E/G=2.6 5-10

M cr

10.17 10 5

2y

y t1

Ah 1
4
.
4
h

N mm

5-11

cr =M cr /W x W x

cr R
M x cr

Wx
R

cr
fy

5-12

5-13


Mx
f
bWx

5-14

5-13

y t1 235
4320 Ah

b 2
1
y Wx
4
.
4
h
fy

5-15

5-13
b

y t1
4320 Ah
235
b
b b 2
1
fy
y Wx
4.4h

5-16

b
b 0

b 0.82 b 1

b 2 b 1
I1
b
y
I
I
I1 I 2 1 2


b 0.6
b
b

b 1.07 0.282 / b 1.0

5-17

2 b
y 120 235 f y b
5

b 1.07

2y

fy

44000 235

5-18

2y
f
W1x
b 1.07

y
2 b 0.1Ah 14000 235

5-19

W 1x
5-18~ 5-19 b
b 0.6 b b 1.0 b =1.0


H l 1 b 1
5-3
5

H l 1 /b 1

13 235 / f y

20 235 / f y

5-3

16 235 / f y

l1
b 1

5.4

1


5

b
235
13
t
fy

5-23

5-23 [ 5-45-5

x =1.0] b/t

b
235
15
t
fy

P75

5-24

5-6

b0
235
40
t
fy

5-25


5-7
2

5
h1

tw

h2
h0
h

h0
h

a1

a1

(c)

(d)
5-7

h0
h

h1

a1

h2

(a)

h1

(b)

h2

tw

h0
h

h0 / t w 80 235 / f y c 0
5

c =0
h0 / t w 80 235 / f y
h0 / t w 170 235 / f y

h0 / t w 150 235 / f y

235 / f y
h 0 /t w 250

h 0 [ h 0
h c 2 ]t w

5-2 5-8a 32a


7.5m 2kN/m 2 4.2kN/m 2
Q235
5-8b
GB50009
G =1.2
Q =1.3
2.5m
q

42.5=10m

42.5=10m

7.5m

7.5m

A
7.5m

7.5m

(b)
(a)
5-8 5-2

(a) (b)

q k =2.5(2+4.2)=15.5kN/m
q d =2.5(1.22+1.34.2)=19.65kN/m
M max =1/8q d l 2 =1/819.657.5 2 =138.16kN m

V=1/2q d l=1/219.657.5=73.69kN

32a 52.7kg/m 52.79.8=517 N/mI x =11080cm 4


W x =692cm 3 I x /S k =27.5cmt w=9.5mm

M g =1.25177.5 2 /810 -3 =4.36kN m


V g =1.25177.5/210 -3 =2.33kN

Mx
138 .16 4.36

103 196 .1 f 215 N/mm 2


xWnx
1.05 692

VS 73.69 2.33

10 29.1 f v 125N/mm 2
It w
27.5 0.95

5 qT l 4
5
(15.5 0.52) 7500 4
l
vT

28 .9 [vT ]
30 mm
5
4
384 EI
384 2.06 10 11080 10
250

5 ql 4
5
4.2 2.5 7500 4
l
vQ

19 .0 [vQ ]
21 .4mm
5
4
384 EI 384 2.06 10 11080 10
350

5-3 5-2 5-9 b


Q235 E43
1
5-9a
273.69+22.33=152.04kN
y
76.02

152.04

152.04

152.04

24014

76.02
8008

5
x

24014

42500=10000
(a)
5-9

(b)

R=2152.04=304.08kN

M=(304.0876.02)5152.042.5=760.2kN m
2A=131.2cm 2 I x =145449cm 4 W x =3513.3cm 3
131.210 2 785010 -6 1.2=123.6kg/m=1.211kN/m
1.2

M=760.2+1.21.21110 2 /8=760.2+18.2=778.4 kN m


R=304.08+1.21.21110/2=304.08+7.27=311.3 kN
3

M
778 .4 10 6

211 .0 f 215 N/mm 2


3
xWnx 1.05 3513 .3 10

1 .2

R
311 .3 10 3
1 .2
58.4 f v 125 N/mm 2
t w hw
8 800

4
l 1 /b 1 =2500/240=10.4<16
5
F T =(15.5+0.52)7.5=120.2 kN

5 1.211 10000 4
19 3 120.2 10 3 10000 3
vT

384 206000 145449 10 4 1152 206000 145449 10 4


0.53 19.85
20.4 [vT ] l / 400 25mm
F Q =2.54.27.5=78.75 kN
19 3 78.75 10 3 10000 3
vQ
13.0 [vQ ] l / 500 20 mm
1152 206000 145449 10 4
6
b/t= 120 4/14=8.313 x 1.05
h 0 /t w=800/8=100

6
6.1
(1)
6-1a
6-1b

(2)
6-2a
6-2b
[ 6-2c]

MB
H

e
P

P
P

H
MA
N

(a)

(b)

6-1

(a)

(b)

(c)

6-2



6-3
6-3ab

(a)

(b)
6-3
(a) (b)

6.2

N M 6-4
[ 6-4e]

N A dA bhf y
6

h h
bh 2
h h
M A ydA b
1 2 fy
h
fy
2
4
2

My/I x

max

fy

fy

fy

fy

y
b

h h
2

h h
2

N/A

min
a

fy
b

6-4

A=bhW P =bh 2 /4 N M
2

M 1
Af y W p f y

6-1

1.0

N M

0.8

0.6

6-5

0.4

0.2

N
M

1
Af y W p f y

0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1.0

6-2

M
MP

6-5

A n 6-2 A
x W nx y W ny 6-2 W p

N
Mx

f
An xWnx
My
N
Mx

f
An xWnx yWny

6-3
6-4

13 235 / f y
15 235 / f y x =1.0

x = y =1.0
6.3

N
mx M x

f
)
x A W1 x (1 x N / N Ex

6-5

N
M x

NxEx

2

N Ex
EA / 1 .120 x

1.1

A W x A eff
Weffx


6-5
6-5
x x 0.8
6

N
mx M x

f
)
x A xW1x (1 0.8 N / N Ex

6-6

W 1x

mx
a
mx =0.65+0.35M 2 /M 1 M 1 M 2
|M 1 | |M 2 |
mx =1.0
mx =0.85
mx =1.0
b

mx =1.0



6-6

N
mx M x

f
)
A xW2 x (1 1.25 N / N Ex

6-7

W2x
x W2x

N
M
x 1
N Ey M cr

6-8

N Ey y Af y M cr bW1 x f y

N
Mx

f
y A bW1x

6-9

tx

N
M
tx x f
y A
bW1x

6-10

=0.7 =1.0
y

b b =1.0
M x
tx
b 1/ b

a tx =0.65+0.35M 2 /M 1 M 2 M 1

|M 1 ||M 2 |
b
tx =1.0 tx =0.85
c tx =1.0
tx =1.0

6.4
1
H
H

0 5 1 0 5 1
1

1

2 cr1 2 cr 1 cr
2

6-11

6-11
cre

1/4
crp crp =f y h 0 /t w 0

0 0 1.6 h 0 /t w=16 0 +50


1.6< 0 2.0 h 0 /t w=48 0 1

h 0 /4 h 0 /4
h 0 /t w

0 0 1.6

h0

tw

16 0 0.5 25 235

fy

6-12

1.6< 0 2.0

h0
6

tw

48 0 0.5 26.2 235

fy

6-13

0 0 = max min / max


ma x

min
<30 =30 >100
=100

0.8

40 235 / f y

40 235 / f y

5-235-245-25

6.5

4-3

1
6-6
6

H 0 = H c
K

/ lb / I c / H c

N
Ib

Ic

Ic

Ib

Hc

Hc

Ic

Ic

lb

lb
6-6
(a) (b)




(a)
K 1 K 2
(b)
6

=1.0

(a) S b

K 1 K 2

Sb 31.2 N bi N 0i

6-14

N bi N 0i i

(b) S b 6-14

0 1 0

Sb
3(1.2 N bi N 0i )

6-15

1 0

6-1 6-7 Q235


6

3333

3333

3333

3333

N=900kN
M=490kN m

Mx
N
900
490

10
10 3
An xWnx 151.2
1.05 3400.4
59.5 137.2 196.7 f 215N/mm 2

25012

y 76012

25012

25012

10000

x
N

490

326.7
(kN m)

163.3
6-7
6-1
490

76012
25012

10000
163.3

I y =3125.0cm 4 i y =4.55cm
2

3333
y

A=151.2cm 2 I x =133295.2cm 4
Wx =3400.4cm 3 i x =29.69cm

3333

326.7
(kNm)

6-7 6-1

x =l x /i x =1000/29.69=33.7 b x =0.924

N Ex
6

2 EA 2 206000 15120

10 3 24607.4 kN mx =0.65
2
2
1.1 x
1.1 33.7

mx M x
N
900
0.65 490 10 3

10
) 0.924 151.2
x A xW1 x (1 0.8 N / N Ex
1.05 3400.4 (1 0.8 900 / 24607.4)
64.4 92.0 156.4 f 215 N/mm 2
4

y =l y /i y =333.3/4.55=73.3[ ]=150 b y =0.730


tx

tx =0.65+0.35326.7/490=0.883
y =73.3120

235 f y

=120

b 1.07 2y / 44000 1.07 73.32 / 44000 0.948

M
N
900
0.883 490
tx x
10 1.0
10 3 215.8 f 215 N/mm 2
yA
bW1 x 0.730 151.2
0.948 3400.4

5
b/t=250/26/12=9.9<13 x 1.05

max
6

min
0

N Mx
900
490

10
1000 59.5 144.1 203.6
A W1x 151.2
3400.4

N Mx
900
490

10
1000 59.5 144.1 84.6
A W1 x 151.2
3400.4

max min 203.6 ( 84.6)

1.416 1.6
max
203.6

h 0 /t w=760/12=63.3<16 0 +0.5 +25=161.416+0.533.7+25=64.5